Columnea — care at home
Columnea belongs to the family gesneriaceae, native to tropical South America.
There are grassy plants, shrubs, twining and creeping.
Runners, variegated leaves, brown or dark green.
Used as ampelnye plants in hanging pots.
Appreciated for its original flowering. The tubular flowers are orange or red in colour.
Location and lighting
The plant does not like drafts, so keep it in the room and not stand on the balconies. Likes light but not direct sunlight. In the shadows, stretched shoots and flowering may not occur.
Demanding to moisture and heat. In summer, prefers a temperature of 20°-25°C, but grows well at 28°C
Winter is much lower, about 10°C-14°C, for the successful laying of the kidneys. After the buds are transferred to a warmer spot.
Watering and humidity
The plant prefers high humidity. Grows well in a closed window, but he needs additional lighting.
If the surrounding air is dry, columnea resets buds. It is possible to help by spraying water from a fine spray without dripping onto the sheets.
Watering moderate, severe waterlogging does not like better from the pallet, then the flower will take the necessary amount of moisture.
Summer and spring feed 1 for 1-2 weeks with mineral fertilizers, thus they should not contain lime – columnea her bad moves.
Until the end of August, when plants Bud, feeding gradually stopped.
Transplantation and propagation
Columnea transplanted after flowering, otherwise she can lose the buds. The earth prefers loose, it is possible to use soil for violets.
To the substrate by adding coarse sand, sphagnum moss or charcoal. Transplant young specimens produced each year, adults-every 2 years.
For propagation cut cuttings with a size of about 8 cm They must be healthy. The best period for rooting from April to may.
Need a stable temperature of 20-25°C without sharp fluctuations. Cuttings planted in peat earth or sand, previously it is disinfected.
To the roots appeared faster, dipped in the powder with the plant hormones and the use of bottom heat.
Attractive plant get if in one pot planted several cuttings.
Pests and diseases
Direct sunlight, drafts, excessive moisture can destroy the flower. Due to irrigation with cold water is probably the appearance of dark spots.
Sprinkling, it is important that the water droplets falling on the leaves, they can cause burns. Like most plants affected by mites, whiteflies, aphids.
To remove them using drugs from a specialized shop. Winter recommend additional lighting.