Coffee tree — care at home
The coffee plant is an evergreen shrub or small, up to 1.5 m (if indoor cultivation) tree with leathery, dark green, glossy, wavy at the edges of the leaves. They can reach 13 cm in length.
Blooms white fragrant flowers produced in the leaf axils.
Life of the coffee flower is not long, it falls on the second day, and in its place formed the ovary. The plant is quite whimsical.
To achieve the appearance of the fruit from it is difficult, but possible if necessary to comply with rules of growing.
Cultivation of the coffee tree
Lighting and location
The coffee tree needs a lot of light, so place it on the southern, South-Western or South-Eastern Windows.
At noon must be protected from the sun, especially a young tree. The plant must provide space for growth, fresh air and protect it from drafts.
The coffee tree is a tropical plant and, therefore, the optimal temperature for development from +22°to + 27°C. In winter is not below + 15°C.
Watering and humidity
Very demanding to moisture. Requires constant spraying the leaves. To maintain the necessary humidity, you should place the pot on a layer of wet expanded clay or gravel.
Watering should be abundant, but avoid water stagnation. In any case, do not allow to dry out the soil allowed drying of the upper layer of the earth. Water for watering and spraying should defend at least a day.
With the beginning of the period of active growth (may) to September, feed with liquid fertilizers once in 15 days. You can apply fertilizer intended for plants from the family of «pink».
Transplantation and propagation
The coffee tree grows only in acid soil. In the acidic peat, humus, leaf and greenhouse earth, taken in the ratio of 2:1:1:1, add 1 part sand and milled sphagnum moss – this composition will provide the necessary level of soil acidity.
The first 3 years the plants are transplanted each year, then 1 every 3 years, annually replacing the top layer of soil to a new.
Propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seed propagation is difficult because the seeds must be fresh.
Apical cuttings with 2 pairs of leaflets are cut, put in a few hours in the composition to stimulate root growth and then plant in moist loose soil, covering the stem can. A month later it will have roots.
Pests and fight with them
Affected schitovkoy. The infected place should be wiped with a damp cloth soaked in vodka. In severe cases, sprinkle them with insecticidal drug.