Coccoloba — care at home
Coccoloba – a little-known houseplant, however, is of interest to them decoration of the interior.
He has large glossy leaves that are rounded with reddish veins, the flowers are white, but in the conditions of the room to achieve flowering is almost impossible.
Increases rapidly and reaches a large size. So it doesn’t take up much space and did not spread too much, and the branches are periodically pruned.
Trimming will give a neat shape. The rate of growth and size, you can limit and landing in a small pot.
Location and lighting
For coccoloba preferably bright diffused light. The best option for placing the Windows on the West or East side of the room.
If the plant is put in the South window, it will grow well in that case, if him to provide a little shade. North window is not suitable for cultivation because of low light intensity.
The best temperature in the range of 20 – 24°C in winter, slightly lower, since in cold weather most plants falls into a period of rest.
Hot temperature stimulates the growth, but the leaves and shoots in this case, turn weak.
Watering and humidity
During the period of active growth that occurs in spring, summer and fall, irrigation is abundant.
Water is better to stand or to pass through a domestic water filter, to make it soft and more suitable for coccoloba.
With the onset of late autumn, gradually reduce the amount of irrigation, in the land should not be dry.
As coccoloba native to tropical America, the Antilles and Florida, she loves high humidity. In order to ensure this, apply spraying from a spray.
Fed every 2 – 3 weeks fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants, alternating mineral and organic from spring to autumn.
Winter fertilizers are given less frequently and in smaller quantities, so as not to cause rapid growth and not to thin shoots.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplanted, like most indoor plants, once a year, adult specimens a little less.
Use this mixture for making soil: 1 part peat, 1 part ground sheet and 2 pieces of turf, 1 part sand and humus.
On the bottom of the pot or tubs, put big clay or broken shards of clay pot to ensure drainage.
Water should not stagnate, otherwise the roots will start to rot and the plant will die. Propagation is possible by cuttings and seeds.
The fresher the seeds the better the similarity. Germination temperature 20 — 24°C. After the appearance of the plants have two true leaves, diving in small pots, further transplanted into a larger size as you grow.
When using cuttings, they are placed in the greenhouse, the temperature should be about 30°C. Possible reproduction and layering.
Pests and fight with them
Key pests – whiteflies and also aphids. To combat them, sells a variety of drugs. It is advisable to choose those that are least hazardous to people, animals and the environment.
In areas with low humidity, you may receive spider mites. To remove it, the plant is treated with chemicals and increase the frequency of spraying.