Cleistocactus — care at home
Cleistocactus is one of the species of columnar cacti that grow in Latin and South America.
From other cacti it is distinguished by fluffy white or yellowish spines.
At the age of 3-4 years on young shoots appear unusually beautiful flowers.
They have the form of elongated tubes, covered with scales.
The color varies from pink to red. To achieve flowering is possible, if you follow the rules of care and treatment «neglect» in the winter.
Location and lighting
Loves the sun, so the window sills of the South, the East Windows will be the most appropriate place for the content of this cactus species. From the large amount of light getting thicker spines. A lot of light and need to see the cactus bloom.
During spring and summer cleistocactus need heat, the temperature is not below + 20°C and not above +40°C. exposure to fresh air has a positive impact on its growth.
In the winter, when there is a period of rest, to contain the cactus better at low temperatures, from +10°C to +15°C, providing him with a mode of «neglect.»
Watering and humidity
In the spring and fall months, watering is carried out every 2 weeks. In the winter it is reduced to a minimum, 1 time in 2-3 months.
Flowering cactus needs regular but moderate watering. In hot weather, or conditions in a dry place sometimes useful to spray the plant with warm water pooled.
For top-dressing of suitable fertiliser for cacti or succulents. Fertilize the cactus monthly, except winter.
Transplantation and propagation
Young cleistocactus transplanted every spring, adult – 1 times in 3 years. The mixture for a transplant, you can buy ready-made or prepared by turf and leaf earth, 1 part, 2 part peat, coarse sand 4 parts.
Propagated «babies or seeds. Cuttings-kids (size 15-20 cm) were broken off from the adult plant, week are dried, then planted in a pot with moist soil.
While the «kids» will not take root, the soil needs to maintain a humid. For the sustainability of their tie to the support.
Seeds are sown in a moist mixture of peat and sand and wait for germination. Mature seedlings planted in pots.
Pests and fight with them
San Jose scale, mealybug are the main enemies of the cactus. With a slight defeat they can be addressed by removing from the surface of the plants damp cosmetic stick. In case of strong infestation will help spraying insecticidal drug.