Cedar — home care
Cedar is a coniferous evergreen member of the family Cupressaceae.
The crown pyramidal, the bark of the trunk is reddish, the leaves are soft light green needles.
Grown in parks and gardens, grows wild in China and Japan.
In the indoor horticulture cultivated as a bonsai is «plant in a tray».
The interior composition of indoor bonsai are placed at eye level as the exquisite furnishings.
Care of cedar is quite complicated, the plant requires daily attention. The miniature size of the plants is achieved through regular pruning of the roots and the topping of the shoots.
For giving attractive shapes to the branches using a hard wire. With the aim of limiting the growth of plants, cedar is grown in small, low pots – bowls round or rectangular form with drainage holes.
Perfect pots of Terra cotta have good vlagoobmena properties. Cedar, like all bonsai, surprisingly hardy and long-lived plant.
Afraid of direct sunlight and drafts: in the open air should be protected from direct sunlight and shelter from rain and wind; in the room – do not place near heaters, and to protect from drafts.
When placed near a source of lighting is desirable to periodically rotate the plant in a circle for uniform illumination.
Since the cedar refers to the garden bonsai, it just feels better in the open air in the temperature range +10 — 18 C.
When placed in the premises of the plant, it is desirable to periodically make the open air, a normal room — very warm and dry for him.
When the content alternately at the street and indoors, avoid sudden changes in temperature.
The soil must be kept constantly moist but not waterlogged. Copious watering, if necessary – daily or even twice a day.
The formation of solid crusts on the soil can harm the plant. Use a watering can with a nozzle sieve will allow you to water not only the soil but also the crown of the plant. Water use only warm, ideally rain.
Daily spraying of the leaves is a mandatory component of the care of a plant, especially when grown indoors.
With proper care and use of special soils, this kind of garden bonsai does not need frequent fertilization.
However, «food» soil fertilizer after transplantation of plants, activates the growing season. The easiest way to buy a special fertilizer for bonsai and follow the instructions.
Transplant in the spring, once in two years. In this partially removed the old soil, and 1/3 of the length of the cut roots. The plant is planted in the same pot filled with new soil.
The plant typically comes from the nursery in a rather adult the age of 4 with pre-formed crown and root system. The cost of such plants is quite high.
Growing cryptomeria at home from scratch requires a lot of time and patience. The cuttings plants rooted and planted in a pot with a small diameter.
When the plant is the desired height: primitives the top, removed the bottom branches and cut the ends of the upper lateral branches.
After 2 years, in the spring, the plant is cut one-third the length of the roots and transplanted to a permanent place of residence.»
Key pests – scale insects and spider mites. The plant is less affected by thrips and whitefly. In pest management apply special chemicals may also remove insects manually with a cotton swab or brush.
Poor drainage or improper watering contributes to root rot. Stagnant in the pot of water – a breeding ground for the breeding of fungi that cause black rot – a disease of the roots of the plant.
With the defeat of rot, hold the replacement of the soil and processing turnicidae (e.g. benelam or tiramos).
The key to the health of plant roots is balanced watering and the optimum temperature of cultivation.