Cattleya — care at home
Cattleya the Queen of orchids.
This is the name of flowers received due to the rather large and diverse flowering. The collection includes about 60 species.
The flower grows on trees or rocks. Depending on the number of leaves of Cattleya can be divided into two main types: univalent (or labiata) and double (or Brazilian).
Univalent have a slightly flattened pseudobulbs and a single apical leaf lanceolate shape.
Have a kind of Orchid has two different length pseudobulb. Flowering occurs at different times of the year.
The flowers are large waxy form size of 10-15 centimeters in diameter. The cut instances are striking in their persistence: retain freshness from 1 to 3 weeks.
The cultivation of Cattleya
Location and lighting
The Cattleya just need a bright but slightly diffused sunlight. Perfect location — on the West or East window.
If the flower is on the windowsill of a South window, you have a bit to darken it to bright sunlight didn’t hurt him.
In the period from early April to late September, when Cattleya there is strong growth, it is necessary to maintain the temperature of the air is 20-25 degrees in the daytime and around 15 – 18 night.
Since the beginning of October to the end of March the plant is at rest. The optimum temperature is 17 degrees during the day and at night around 15.
Watering and humidity
You need to remember that cattleyas do not tolerate lime, and, therefore, need to be watered with soft rain water or tap water to soften special Converter.
During the growth of the flower should be watered not more than once every 3 days. In the winter, enough to moisten the soil 1 time per week.
Plants need high humidity, so you must constantly spray the leaves at least 2 times a day and to have an occasional shower or bathing.
It is important to ensure that water does not get on the inflorescence. Otherwise the flower will quickly wither and fall off.
Fertilize the plant during the period of active growth should be every 2 weeks. For this ground make a special fertilizer for orchids.
Transplantation and propagation
To repot a Cattleya is recommended not more often than once in 2 years at the end of April in a small little cramped capacity.
Thus, the plant must be moved to the edge so that its pseudobulbs can grow.
Cattleya propagated by dividing the pseudobulbs. Cut them and transplant into separate pots.
Pests and fight with them
In the case of improper care, the plant may be subjected to such pests as aphids, spider mites, thrips and scale insects. To get rid of them with spraying a solution of insecticide.