Catharanthus — care at home
Catharanthus is a deciduous half-shrub plant.
In nature, there are only 5 species, but in horticulture there is only one.
A distinctive feature of this plant is unpretentious and quite abundant continuous flowering.
For a long time Catharanthus belonged to the genus barvinkiv (pink periwinkle — the second name Catharanthus), but a few years ago, it was identified as a separate species.
Catharanthus is a perennial plant. Often it is grown as an annual. The stalk is straight and branched. The height is about 60 centimeters.
The leaves are oblong, lantsetovidnye, a length of about 6 inches, arranged oppositely. Pink flowers located in the leaf axils. Length of flower about 3 inches. Blooms from early spring to the end of autumn.
Cultivation of Catharanthus
Location and lighting
It is desirable to grow in an open Sunny site protected from cold wind. The soil must be fertile.
The plant likes humidity, so don’t forget to water it periodically. It is recommended to place a plant on the East or West side.
Attention Catharanthus poisonous plant. It is not recommended to keep this flower in a room where there are small children.
The air temperature in the room where Catharanthus, in the winter season should not be about 12-18 degrees, and in summer 20-25°C.
Watering and humidity
The plant likes humidity. Closely monitor the soil moisture. However, it is not recommended to prevent the condition of water stagnation on the soil surface.
Monitor the humidity in the room. Need regular spraying. You can also put a pot of flower on the damp pebbles.
Supplemental feeding of Catharanthus should be made as soon as began to form flowers or new leaves.
Use special fertilizer for flowering houseplants. Feed should be not less than 3 times in a month.
Transplantation and propagation
Reproduction occurs via seeds and cuttings. When growing from seeds recommended for sowing in late winter.
Planted seeds need to be covered with film. The appearance of the first germs of the tape must be removed. Cuttings are easily rooted in water or sand, covered by a plastic bag.
Pests and fight with them
Catharanthus is stable enough. The flower is rarely affected by pests and disease. With insufficient watering the leaves turn yellow and curl. To solve this problem by moistening the soil.
The main pests are scale insects and spider mites. The reason for this is dry air. If the plant is outdoors, you may receive the aphids. For pest management requires the use of special tools.