Can — care at home
Can is a genus of orchids, with more than 700 various kinds, most of which – epiphytes.
In natural conditions they grow in humid forests and dry savannas, high up in the mountains.Due to the fact that various species have their preferences to the temperature of the contents and irrigation, as well as have different defined periods of rest, we can only give General advice on caring for flowers.
Nidulyarium in the home — care tips
Location and lighting
Representatives of this genus of orchids is very light. Feel good are on the South and West Windows.
However when placing the can on the southern window need pritenyat from the midday sun. If you place a flowerpot on the North window, then flowering and can’t wait.
The right lighting will prompt the leaves of the orchids. If the light is low, they will be dark green, and if a lot of light – green or covered with speckles of red. With proper lighting, the leaves will be normal green.
Room oncidium have different temperature requirements of the content depending on the type and place of its growth in nature.
The most heat-loving – orchids «parents» who grew up in the rainforest. They need the support of daily summer temperature is 25-30 degrees, and winter night – not below 15 degrees.
If «parents» can of foothill forests, they need to ensure that the summer temperature of about 20-22 degrees, and in winter 12 to 15 degrees.
The most cold-are «children» of the representatives of the mountain forests. They feel fine at temperatures above 22 degrees in summer and 7-10 degrees in winter.
Not depending on the temperature preferences of all types for successful flowering the required difference in temperature between daytime and night time is about 3-5 degrees.
Can during the period of growth should be watered regularly and abundantly but allow to dry the substrate between waterings.
Irrigation virtually ceased with the onset of the dormant period. If you do not follow the watering depending on the stage of plant development, Orchid will delight with their blooms.
Can fertilize during growth and flowering fertilizer for orchids, reducing the recommended concentration, as the roots of this species are very sensitive to the salinity of the substrate. During the formation of pseudobulb feeding is not carried out.
Transplantation and propagation
As oncidium do not respond well to transplanting, then spend it only when necessary – if the container is small the plant or substrate is deteriorated.
Multiply this type of Orchid division of the courtines. To split can if you have more than 6 pseudobulbs, as each new plant should get at least 3 of them.
The place of incision is dusted with charcoal and put educated orchids in the dry substrate. After planting they are not watered for about 10 days.
Pests and fight with them
Oncidium quite often subjected to defeat pests that can cause plant death.
Upon detection of spider mites must be removed from the plants dipped in alcohol cotton swab white lumps formed by the parasite. The plants are treated Acharei.
If orchids discovered aphids, thrips or scale insects, then they are removed from the plant with a cotton swab dipped in a weak soap solution, and process can aktelikom or karbofos.