Camellia — care at home
Camellia is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the family tea.
The birthplace of this capricious plant – Japan, India, China.
Shoots branched, densely covered with leathery, shiny, dark green leaves up to 8 cm
The flowers are quite large (up to 10 cm in diameter), depending on the varieties can be smooth and fluffy.
They are located in the apical parts of the plant and in the axils. Color them mostly red, but there are also pink and white.
Location and lighting
Camellia, photophilous plant, but in the summer warm period, the flowerpot should be put away from direct sunlight. Does not tolerate frequent change of position in relation to the light.
Camellia kept in cool, not above + 15°C, well-ventilated area. She does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
In the summer months it is desirable to keep the plant in the fresh air. Some growers laid on the ground small pieces of ice to reduce the ambient temperature around the flower.
Withered plants watered as needed, and cease to feed, arranging his rest period.
Watering and humidity
Water for irrigation if it is hard, it is necessary to stand days at room temperature. Waterlogging of the soil carries bad, but it is extremely demanding to frequent spraying the leaves.
Like many plants that need high humidity, a pot of flowers put on a tray with wet expanded clay.
In the period of flower Bud formation and flowering are fed fertilizer for decorative and flowering plants. After flowering, stop fertilizing.
Transplantation and propagation
Camellia transplanted in the spring, but only if the pot has become her close. Important good drainage to avoid stagnant water at the roots.
Transplant soil mix suitable for rhododendrons.K. propagated by cuttings.
In early summer paleodrainage apical cuttings are cut and roots using phytohormones and soil heating from below. Resort to propagation by layering, grafting and seeds.
Pests and fight with them
Flowering potted plants are attacked by aphids, which the tips of young shoots and flower buds.
With the first appearance of this pest you can spray the plant extract of onion or garlic. To prevent is to put a pelargonium, volatile which aphids can not stand.