Calathea — care at home
Calathea is a tropical flower that grows in South America and Africa.
Bright representative of decorative-deciduous plants of the family arrowroot refers to a herbaceous rhizomatous perennials.
The leaves of this species are basal, on long (up to 15cm) stalks with «wings». The same as arrowroot, at night the leaves fold.
The cultivation of calathea
Location and lighting
Calathea prefers to grow under the cover of other plants, that is, as in the rainforest. She managed to keep in the home environment of their natural rhythms.
With the first rays of sun the plant reveals the sheets to meet him, and with the smell of its leaves curl up again. Do not leave Kalat day under the scorching sun. The plant is more accustomed to the bright but diffused light.
In the warm season the temperature should vary from about +22° to +30°C. at Night, the flower would feel more comfortable if it will be cooler.
In winter the optimum temperature +18 to +20°C. throughout the year calathea should not fall under the drafts, because she is very sensitive to sudden changes in temperature.
Watering and humidity
Calathea is a tropical plant, so it requires large volumes of water for irrigation. It must be carried out as the drying of the upper soil layer.
The water should be hard and slightly warmed. The plant likes the year-round spraying may periodically wash the leaves.
Thus it is necessary to use nozzles with small holes for water, as after being hit by large drops of liquid on the leaves and they can stay tagged as such.
In the warm season you can use a standard liquid fertilizer for foliage plants, and its mass fraction in the solution should be two times less than indicated on the package.
To make the best fertilizer every 14 days. With the onset of winter calathea practically ceases to need feeding. Max, you can add a drop of fertilizer to the water for irrigation.
Transplantation and propagation
The flower needs an annual transplant. It is best done with the onset of spring. The new pot should be with a shallow bottom so that the roots are just below the soil surface.
It is also necessary to provide good water drainage. Reproduction can be carried out by dividing the main hive for a few parts at the time of transplantation.
Individual tuber must remain intact a few roots and a couple leaves. New runners need to keep warm, tightly covered with a transparent package, until the formation of new leaves.
Pests and fight with them
For calathea are a danger to many pests, like red spider mites, thrips and scale insects. Insecticides is the best medicine for them.