Calamondin — care at home
Calamondin — small citrus tree, a hybrid of Mandarin and Japanese Kinkala.
The leaves are small, shiny, green. The flowers are white and fragrant.
The fruit looks like tangerine, but small, up to 4 cm in diameter. The skin of the fruit is delicate and sweet, the pulp has a sour taste.
Ornamental plants-flowering, is especially beautiful when both hanging fruit, and flowers blooming.
Location and lighting
A Sunny windowsill is the best place for plants. However, direct sunlight can burn the leaves, so provide him a diffused light. In winter it is desirable to provide additional lighting.
Calamondin is thermophilic and prefers temperatures not below + 20°C and do not tolerate drafts. Want to see the fruits — put him on the wintering at a temperature of + 12°C.
Humidity and watering
Spraying and wash the leaves twice a day, using a humidifier will help to provide the necessary humidity.
Nearby you can put a wide bowl filled with water, or place the pot on a tray with wet expanded clay to the bottom of the tank is not touching the water.
Summer watering when dry the top layer of soil, and in autumn, watering start to reduce to moderate in the winter, especially under indoor cultivation.
Water should be settled, filtered or boiled, room temperature or slightly above.
From early spring to early fall twice a month requires fertilizer for citrus plants.
Transplantation and propagation
At the end of winter, the Calamondin transplanted into fresh soil, keeping the soil ball. Young plants every year, adults — every 3 years the growth.
Grunt you can use ready (for citrus trees), you can make a soil mixture yourself.
Turf ground, leaf mold, manure, take in equal amounts and add a little coarse river sand. The plant is propagated by seeds, cuttings or grafting. The easiest way to seed, but the fruit is to wait a long time.
Propagated by cuttings: tip developed several leaves and internodes dipped in the solution, stimulating growth, are planted in prepared soil to a depth of the petiole of the lower leaf.
Having a greenhouse from the jar or plastic bag. The leaves should not touch the walls of the greenhouse. Every day the greenhouse air for half an hour.
Reproducing by grafting, the rootstocks used in the seedling orange, citrus has among the better developed root system.
Pests and fight with them
Affected aphids and whitefly. At the first signs of defeat need spraying perimeterinstitute drugs. Prevention must be inspected regularly.