Caladium — care at home
Caladium is a herbaceous plant of tropical South Africa. The plant reaches a height of 50 cm
Spectacular thin leaves are beautifully painted. They can be white, pink or red with green or white veins. Their color depends on the type.
In the fall they die off, and plants a period of rest. Then the stems are cut.
Tubers removed from the pot, planted a few in a pot of smaller diameter into the old soil or sand and keep the pot at a temperature of +15 degrees.
In spring, the tubers are transplanted, transferred to a warm (23 degrees) and begin careful watering.
Location and lighting
Necessary to measure ambient light and protection from the direct rays of the sun. For growing suitable Windows facing West or East. Drafts should be avoided.
If possible, contain the Caladium at a temperature of 20C and above, but never below +15C.
Humidity and watering
During the period of growth in the spring, needs abundant watering. Humidity is easy to maintain, putting the pot on the tray, which is filled to a wet expanded clay.
Spraying the plant does not like. To wipe the leaves, they are very thin and can be damaged.
From mid-spring, when it starts growing, feed fertilizer for decorative-deciduous plants, reducing the necessary concentration of two times. Feeding is carried out once in two weeks.
Transplantation and propagation
Caladium are transplanted each spring. Rested tubers planted in new pots, which are put in a very warm place to +25C (can be put on the radiator) and expect the emergence of seedlings. Watering at this time is moderate, otherwise the tuber may rot.
In the spring when the first sprouts, the tubers are divided so that each had his escape.
The nodules obtained after division are planted in soil consisting of equal proportions of sand and peat.
Planting depth equal to the thickness of the nodules. Cover the transplanted plants with plastic wrap and then germinated in the heat, preferably below 20C.
Pests and fight with them
Aphids attacking a plant, fighting spraying of products containing permethrin, or derris.
Plant leaves may curl if: parched soil, the air hot and dry, the plant stood in the draft.
Dry brown edges of the leaves if the plant is cold; bleach white from lack of light; it will appear on the leaves and soil mold from cold and drafts.