Someone every morning proudly walks for a stroll with his beloved dog.
Someone looking for a gift for the lazy striped cat.
Well, there is a large collective of fans to consider small and large flowers and thorns on their window sills.
Surprised to find some changes. Happy and sad, to take care of and a bit to brag about the successes in the cultivation of cacti.
The total number of species of this family is approximately three thousand, classified in three subfamilies. It paraskieva, opuntsievyh and terawave.
Heat, dry air and a small amount of moisture made for life in the desert sand to completely abandon leaves. The plant emerged only thorns and massive thick stem, accumulating water.
Cactus house plants — care tips
Location and lighting
Most potted cacti like bright light. But young plants that have delicate spines that need shading from direct sunlight.
Not a long time to keep the cacti in the shade. It affects the growth of a cactus and can not create the conditions for its flowering.
Bad sign of the death of plants is the appearance of ugly gains arising from the lack of lighting. Without soil, water, they can live and grow. But without light die.
It is not advisable to put the potted plant on the window on the North side. Duration of flowering cacti also depends on the lighting.
Nature herself has determined the time of ripening of the pollen of plants needed to continue their lives. There are species of cacti bloom at night. Of course, waiting for them impatiently. And they bloom only one night.
The optimum temperature for good growth of cacti is 25°C in summer and 15°C in winter. Night drop in temperature they like.
Watering and humidity
A light spraying with warm water in the morning has the effect of dew in nature. This is a mist hydration and acidified water pooled beneficial effects on plant development.
Most importantly, inspect the trunks of the plants after spraying. No water deposits on them should not be. In late October, stop watering cacti to the beginning of March.
If the rest period cactus was successful, then in April you can see many little buds of future blossoms.
At this time it is strictly forbidden to turn towards the light. Be patient and learn to differentiate the areola cactus with buds or just new spines or the children. Interesting varieties of cacti, from which the flower emerges from Makushenko cefalea.
No need to rush to fertilize immediately after winter dormancy plants. It is best to carry out topdressing after flowering.
But the young plants well watered with a weak solution of fertilizer for cacti. It is forbidden to feed the plants immediately after transplanting.
Transplantation and propagation
All true lovers of cacti have their own little secrets in their care. Because not all get the appreciation for their hard work to admire their flowers.
There are complex types of cacti, there are easier. But the debate about the type of soil, pot size and material from which it is made, do not cease. One of the tips is as follows.
Plastic pot filled with a loose soil mix based on peat, deciduous and field land required drainage in the bottom.
The growing roots of the cactus should be enough space. They help to maintain the water status of plants, and
so keep them in a tight little pot does not make sense.
Young plants are transplanted each year, the volume slightly larger than the previous pot.
Old to be handling with a lump of land only when necessary.
Astrofitum, Ferocactus, prickly Pear, Echinocerus, Mammillaria, Saguaro, Ehinokaktus and Gymnocalycium will become clearer and closer when you see them among the huge collections and then make the decision on self-cultivation of these wonderful life-loving plants.