Broom — care at home
Broom (Citius) is a genus of plants that belongs to the legume family.
Includes about 50 species and is represented as evergreen shrubs, and deciduous species.
Individual species are low-growing trees.
Broom often has trifoliate leaves. Stipules small or absent.
Fluffy shoots a bright green or grayish color. The flowers are painted in red, yellow and white – the color depends on plant variety.
The broom is poisonous, so after contact with them to wash their hands. When growing at home the most popular three types: racemose, matariki and Monelisi.
The broom at home — tips on care
Location and lighting
Throughout the year the broom at home requires a large amount of bright ambient light. The plant should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Although morning and evening is permitted.
The most favorable location for a flower — on the Western and Eastern side of the apartment. In summer, the plant is recommended to make the open air, for example on the balcony if no garden. Periodically ventilate the room, which is a broom.
During the warm period of time recommended to maintain a growth temperature ranging from +18 to +25ºC. In winter it should be gradually reduced to +8-14 º C.
If you keep the plant in warm conditions, there is a high probability of ailments and even death.
Watering and humidity
To broom at home, it is important a high content of lime in the soil, so its a small amount to add to the water when watering.
During the spring and summer period, the broom watered as the drying of the upper soil layer. Autumn and winter limit watering, but do not allow drying of the soil.
High humidity is favourable for the plants, so you should carry out spraying with water throughout the year. Of course, in the summer, especially in the flowering period, it is recommended to do more often.
Fall and winter fertilizer is not necessary. But in the spring and summer is recommended. For plants suitable for complex mineral fertilizers. The frequency of fertilizing once in 2 weeks.
Transplantation and propagation
Transplant the broom at home need after flowering as the plant roots fill the pot.
The soil for pot is prepared as follows: to the bottom of the poured concrete, then fill the tank with a mixture of turf (4 parts) and humus soil (2 parts) and sand (part 1).
Propagated by layering, cuttings and seeds. The latter method is excluded for hybrid varieties. The cuttings are cut after flowering and rooting in the spring and summer.
Reproduction of the broom layering is carried out by pressing to the surface of the soil the lower branches and the subsequent filling of their land, while maintaining its moisture.
Pests broom and fight with them
Most often the plant is striking in black spot and powdery mildew. From insects it should be noted rakitnikov the moth and the moth-Petrenko.