Bilbergiya care at home
Bilbergiya refers to herbaceous plants of the Bromeliad family, native to tropical South America and is often found in the homes of lovers of flowers.
This houseplant has long, narrow rigid and leathery leaves that can be solid or variegated, and bright colors.
Location and lighting
The best place to bilbergii Windows, facing East and West. When placed on the North side of the plant, most likely will not flower, although growing in such conditions good.
Loves the flower well ventilated. In the summer it is advisable to submit it to the fresh air in the garden or on the balcony.
Being quite light, like bright light, but it’s better if he will be distracted. In the summer, when the temperature is particularly high, the flower is better to shield from the sun.
In the first period of autumn to end of winter, the best temperature for bilbergii +18-20°C, in colder conditions, the plant is actively flowering, but let the temperature drop below 13 degrees is undesirable. In summer it is better to keep the temperature up to 25 degrees.
Watering and humidity
In spring and summer the soil should always be slightly wet, but can not allow stagnation of water in the sump.
If in winter the plant is in a cool room, watered it once a week, the soil can dry slightly between waterings. Water for irrigation should be soft and separated.
If the plant has a dense rosette, in the warm season the water also poured into the funnel of leaves. Not water, so after flowering – this can lead to rotting of the rosette.
The level of humidity the plant does not impose serious requirements and it tolerates low humidity, however if the air temperature exceeds +22°C, it is desirable to periodically spray the flower using a soft vystoyanu water.
In the period of active growth every 2 weeks, fed with a fertilizer designed for bromeliads. If you are using other fertilizers to make sure that they contain little nitrogen, as this chemical is very harmful.
Transplantation and propagation
As a rule, transplanted billbergia when she grows out of its pot. The ground for it should be something like this: ground sheet, peat moss, humus with a small amount of chopped sphagnum moss and river sand.
One of the ways of reproduction – through seeds. They need to be washed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, dried and planted in sphagnum or peat with sand.
In such conditions, covering glass at a temperature of +21°C, regularly airing and spraying, is kept before the leaves, and then planted in pots for the plants.
Another method of propagation is by root suckers, which appear in March. They are planted in the ground (leaf, humus soil, sand).
Pests and fight with them
The main enemies of plants – aphids, spider mites, scale insects and mealybug. Upon detection of spider or insect leaves treated with the soap solution, as well as the «actellic» or «Malathion».