Bigardiya (orange) — care at home
The fashion for citrus farming at home is an important part of our lives.
One of the most suitable for this purpose plants bigardiya (or orange, or bergamot).
The birthplace of this hybrid can be considered South-East Asia.
It is an evergreen tree height from 2 to 10 meters with petiolate, leathery, oblong, shiny leaves and long thorns on the branches.
This tree blooms large, very fragrant flowers that are produced singly or in inflorescences.
Location and lighting
The principles of the care of this plant are similar to the rules of the content of other citrus. Overall, the orange less demanding in terms of content. Light is desirable is quite rich, bright, but diffused.
Summer warm weather plant, it is desirable to make the balcony or take to the cottage, and in winter the best place for him – light, cool, ventilated room.
Bigardiya better growth and fruiting, if you maintain a comfortable temperature: in spring and in summer – about +20 degrees and in winter – from +4 to +6°C.
Watering and humidity
Overall, the citrus is quite drought-resistant and requires no special irrigation requirements. Recommended in spring and summer, water the tree regularly and moderately, a few days after drying the top layer of the soil. For watering in the cold season, use warm water.
It’s a citrus tree likes high humidity. Provide it by placing the pot on a tray, which put a wet expanded clay or gravel. In the summer, if the temperature rises above +25°C, the plant sprayed.
Fed bigarreau spring and summer, using organic and mineral fertilizers (organic – twice a month, and mineral – monthly).
Some growers prefer to fertilize in small doses at every watering, using a 0.2% solution.
Transplantation and propagation
The orange are transplanted when the roots entwine almost all earthen. For this procedure best suited to the end of February.
The soil used for transplanting, consisting of 1 or 2 parts leaf earth, 1 part humus, the same amount of rotted horse manure and coarse river sand, 4 parts of lake silt and 0.5 parts of wood ash.
The plant is usually propagated from cuttings, sometimes seeds. Shoots better pinch, but too long and dry branches to cut.
Pests of beardie and fight with them
This citrus is attacked by the same pests as other plants. As a rule, scale insects, spider mites and aphids. Eliminate them with the help of special tools. The most efficient and versatile insecticide.