Bergamot (bergamot orange) — care at home
Ornamental deciduous fruit tree of the family Rutaceae.
Bergamot is considered the most suitable species for growing at home.
A tree of small stature, and the flowers and fruit emit a pleasant fragrance.
From the peel of oranges are essential oil that is widely used in the perfume and confectionery industries.
This hybrid got its name because of the pear shaped fruit.
The cultivation of bergamot
Location and lighting
Despite the fact that the bergamot orange is contained in the room is still the South and needs warmth and lots of light.
Lighting contributes to the formation of the fruit, with its lack of harvest will not wait. Therefore, the choice of the location of the tree must be approached responsibly, and if necessary additionally provide artificial illumination.
Also is a prerequisite for flowering and fruit set. For bergamot optimum temperature in the range of +15 — 18°C. In winter, this threshold should be lowered to +8-10°C.
Watering and humidity
During the period of active growth and development of the root system of bergamot, requires a large amount of moisture.
Drying earthen coma should not be allowed. Watering plants is carried out in soft, separated by water and preferably warm.
With the onset of winter dormancy, gradually reduce watering and bring to a minimum, so the soil was always in a damp state.
Abundant moisture in winter can cause rot of the root system. Citrus good to take frequent spraying of the crown and wiping the leaves also warm water.
Growing bergamot is not at his cottage in warm greenhouse, and the house as a houseplant, it is necessary to limit the size of the container.
The power of the soil decreases rapidly, so you have to add mineral and organic fertilizers.
Feeding starts in late February 1-2 times a month. Use a complete fertilizer for citrus.
It should be remembered that fertilizers are applied after watering in the liquid state, gently, that it does not fall on the leaves. Also you should not feed patients and newly transplanted plants.
Transplantation and propagation
When transplanting or propagation of young plants, use a light soil consisting of a mixture of turf, leaf soil, humus and sand in the ratio ( 2:1:1:1). Adult (3:1:1:1), with a small addition of clay.
The acidity of the soil is maintained in the range of 6.5-7rn. Transplant bergamot is carried out by transfer, at the same time see that the soil remained on the surface, otherwise the tree may die.
Fresh fertile soil to fill the edges of the container and a little sprinkled on the top layer. Young plants are rolled over 1 time in the year before growth adults 1 every 3 years.
Pests and fight with them
Most often, the harm of orange bergamot put quadraspidiotus perniciosus. These sucking pests, they settle on the twigs, the leaves suck out the nutritious juices, and weaken the plant.
To deal with them carry out a periodic inspection of the tree and in case of detection of insects, the affected area is treated with a cotton swab dipped in an alcohol solution.
In severe cases you can use special drugs to kill pests. You can buy them in flower shops.