Banana (musa) — care at home
The plant is native to tropical Africa and Asia.
There are over 40 species are United in the genus Banana.
But the goal is the cultivation of all these species are divided into 4 groups:-fruit (grown for its fruit which is high in nutritional value);
technical (get Abaca is a strong fiber used for weaving of ropes and fishing nets);
-feed (from mealy fruit with a high starch content receive a meal);
-ornamental (grown in greenhouses or indoors for decorative purposes).
Fake banana stem — musa consists of a thick leaf sheaths, tightly grasping each other. The present stem is short and thick — is an underground part of the plant.
The leaves are at the top of the false trunk and located the type of palm. Racemose inflorescence, consisting of greenish flowers.
Long bloom: each flower blooms up to 3 months, and the inflorescence is almost all year round. The fruits in the culture of meaty and very nutritious, almost devoid of seeds.
Of the ornamental varieties of indoor plants are most showy velvety and lavender.
Bracts velvety bright pink, turning away, bare orange-yellow flower. Musa blooms of lavender pink and yellow flowers.
The location and lighting ofThis plant. In the room he better be given a place in southern, Eastern and Western Windows. Banana grows poorly in the shade, but direct sunlight it should slightly pritenyat.
Being a native of the hot and humid latitudes, the banana does not tolerate low temperatures. In the spring and summer season for normal growth and flowering it needs a temperature of 24-32°C. does not tolerate drafts and sudden temperature changes. In winter it is impossible to prevent lowering the temperature below 16°C.
Watering and humidity
Summer watering abundant, but without water stagnation. Winter is moderate. The soil should be only slightly damp.
Banana — musa sensitive to humidity. You can use a tray filled with wet gravel or pebbles. Water for irrigation should be cold.
During the growth period, fertilize with an organic fertilizer every two weeks. Sometimes you can add mineral fertilizers. In the winter, rather than 1 time per month.
Transplantation and propagation
The transplant should take place every year. Musa grows well in a large bowl. It is propagated by shoots from rhizomes — a small part of the rhizome rooting in a wet substrate. Some species reproduce by seeds.
Key pests – spider mites, red mites, whiteflies, thrips and scale insects. If the infection is not gone too far, the plant can be wiped with a soapy solution and then just wash with a damp sponge. In severe cases, use of spraying insecticides.