Babiana — care at home
Experienced lovers of flowers know about the wonderful plant with long pubescent leaves and bright flowers of various colors.
Babiana native to South Africa, which is firmly entrenched in our suburban gardens and houses due to its unusual beauty and simplicity of care.
Location and lighting
This plant feels good in bright but diffused light, so the best place for her – a window facing West or East.
Comfortable temperature from 22 to 28 degrees. This tropical flower is afraid of drafts and wind.
Watering and humidity
Immediately after planting, babiana requires abundant watering. The plant is very sensitive to dry air, therefore, constantly need to maintain a high enough humidity by sprinkling the leaves in about a day.
It is best to hold spraying alternately with the watering. In the summer, in addition to regular watering, you can place the pot in a container of water, and the plant will take as much water as needed.
For good growth and flowering, fertilize the plant need to regularly. As a rule, once a month feed with dissolved mineral fertilizers, which, among other things, should contain potassium and fluoride. Sometimes mineral fertilizers, alternating with organic.
Transplantation and propagation
The plant requires regular transplant. If the pot becomes too small, choose a bigger tank.
If the flower pot is no need to increase enough in the spring just to refresh the soil, replace the soil with more fresh and nutritious. This flower requires soil: it is very important that the substrate was leaking and hold air.
If the ground is not sufficiently porous, it is possible to add some sand, peat moss or perlite. Often in the soil for the planting of this plant add a little lime.
Propagated babiana usually «baby» or tubers, which after the formation on the plant is separated, dried and removed until spring. Another option is propagation by seed, but this method takes more time and more labor intensive.
Pests and fight with them
Like most flowers, this plant is susceptible to diseases and attacked by pests, the appearance of which show changes in the appearance of leaves or stems.
So, weak growth indicates insufficient irrigation, and too low a temperature. Breach of care can lead to the appearance of rot on the leaves.
The danger to plants are: aphid, spider mite, nematode and mealy bug. About the attack of parasites, say spot and spider on the stems and leaves.