Asplenium (Asplenium) — care at home
Asplenium, has another name – Kostenets, is a perennial plant belonging to tropical ferns.
Depending on the variety it can have solid, smooth or pinnate-lobed leaves.
It is often grown in the home.
Like many plants, it is unpretentious, but for active growth requires the creation of certain conditions.
Since this plant belongs to the fern, it does not bloom.
The optimal temperature environment for Asplenium in the summer – not more than 20 degrees, and in winter – from +16 to + 18°.
It grows best in medium light or partial shade, with direct sunlight brings bad.
Therefore, the best place to put the fern – West or North window. Unwanted Asplenium temperature fluctuations, drafts and dust.
Air for the maintenance of Kostenets should be wet enough. To maintain a constant level of humidity, the plant is sprayed daily with soft water.
If the room is cool, spray should be moderate, to not have mold.
Watering the Asplenium requires abundant but not excessive, as excess water the plant tolerates bad, acceptable small drying of the soil between waterings.
To soil undemanding fern: it grows well in a mixture of light turf and ground sheet. The young plant is best planted in a mixture of peat, humus, leaf soil (equal parts) and sand (less than half).
Fertilize in the spring Kostenets should do it carefully and in small amounts, since overfeeding the plant can get sick. Enough to feed with an organic fertilizer every 2 weeks.
Transplanted Asplenium, only if the pot becomes too small. At the same care with the root system: remove only dead roots, and prune only damaged and old leaves.
Reproduction of Asplenium may differ depending on its type. So, look lukovitsy (or viviparous) reproduction by buds, which are formed on the leaves.
These buds are carefully removed from leaves and placed in the soil. And Asplenium female propagated by using side shoots.
Despite the simplicity, Kostenets susceptible to diseases and attacked by pests. The main enemies of spider mites and scale insects.
On the wrong plant care can provide the following signs: loss of leaves and blanching testify to a very strong light.
Brown leaf edges and their rapid decay appear if the plant is not enough heat. Dry leaves and high enough humidity.