Asparagus — care at home
Asparagus is a plant of the family of Asparagus.
This is an elegant indoor plant with graceful stems can be grown in pots, hanging baskets or curl at the pillars.
Any kind of cultivation it creates the effect of green lace.
The leaves are thin needles on thin curving stems.
Actually, the needles, perform the function of leaves it is flattened leaf-stalks.
Plants in arid areas have resorted to such stratagems to reduce water evaporation.
These leaves are underdeveloped and are at the basis of needles, called cladodes.
In room culture are most often grown following types:
Feathery asparagus. Cloud peristome of this kind give a very delicate cladode, densely sitting on the stem. Bloom, only reached the age of ten. The flowers quickly fall off and appear blue-black berries.
The finest asparagus. Very similar to pinnate, only cladode thinner and less located.
Asparagus Sprenger. Cladode this species is much thicker. Blooms fragrant white-pink flowers. Small red berries add a special decorative effect.
Asparagus Meyer. Pubescent shoots of this shrub resemble a China brush. A very ornamental plant. Widely used in decoration of bouquets.
The cultivation of asparagus
All kinds of asparagus, except asparagus Sprenger, shade-tolerant. For them a bright diffused light. But some species, for example, the feathery Asparagus, can not stand even the ambient light. They shade.
In the summer 20-22°C. higher temperatures are detrimental to the asparagus. In the heat of summer need to increase the humidity. In The Winter Of 12-16°C.
Watering in summer is not abundant, the water should not stagnate in the pot and in the pan. In winter, watering is moderate. At low temperatures, watering is completely stopped.
Transplants carried out in early spring. The old naked branches removed, which stimulates the activity of young shoots.
Propagated mainly by seeds. The sowing is performed in early spring in moist soil at 20°C. after 3-4 weeks sprouts appear. When the seedlings are pulled up to 5-7 cm, they are transplanted into pots.
Produced in the summer season 2 times a month with organic or mineral fertilizers. Winter do not feed.
Diseases and pests
Pests – scale insects, spider mites, aphids usually appear in the winter, if the room is very warm and dry for asparagus.
Chemicals asparagus does not tolerate, therefore it is better to use natural means for pest control: a decoction of tobacco, roots of cyclamen.
When damaged, the stems may appear grey rot and with abundant watering – root rot. At high temperatures, the stems can become bare and dry.