Areca (chrysalidocarpus) — care at home
This elegant palm type shrub with slender stems, growing groups from one end of rhizomes and pinnate leaves create an elegant deciduous crown.
Well suited for decoration of premises. The birthplace of chrysalidocarpus is South-East Africa.
The name originated from the Golden fruit–Chryseus (gold), karpos (fruit). This palm, also called Areca.
In the culture grows to 2 m tall. Blossoms rare. Floral inflorescences paniculate, yellow cream. Areca has the ability to purify indoor air, and are, therefore, useful houseplant.
Growing conditions and maintenance
It is a photophilous plant. Especially in the winter he needs a good additional illumination. Summer should be slightly pritisnite from direct sunlight.
Areca (chrysalidocarpus) – gentle plant does not tolerate sudden fluctuations of temperatures. The range of optimal temperatures is also limited: the summer temperature is 22-25°C, in winter – 16-22°C. Categorically contraindicated drafts.
Watering and humidity
Water-loving plant. In the summer require copious irrigation. Ideally, in the pan always had water, and the soil in the pot moist.
The humidity around the palm tree shall be maintained at the proper level. With this goal twice a day to spray the leaves with water spray. In winter, watering can be replaced by spraying.
Areca does not tolerate transplanting, so transplant it is necessary only when from under the pallet there will be roots, that is, the pot became too small.
For good health chrysalidocarpus requires constant fertilization: in summer 2 times a month in winter is enough once in a month.
There are 2 possible propagation: seeds and suckers. Seeds are soaked in warm water for 3 days and then sown in peat soil.
After 30-40 days the seeds will sprout, and after 3-4 months will give the first leaves. Then the seedlings can be transferred into pots.
Propagation by suckers is quite easy. Descendants of Bud from the bottom of the kidneys. Their separation from the main plant and rooting in the ground is easy.
Diseases and pests
Like many houseplants Areca attacked by scale insects and spider mites. Their output is the plant treated with the drug «Aktara».
In some cases, the palm leaves can turn yellow. This can happen because of the dryness of the soil from direct sunlight or watering hard water.
If the leaf edges become brown, it indicates that the humidity is insufficient.
Brown spots on leaves are a sign of waterlogged soil, low temperature or hard water irrigation.
Due to the ageing lower leaves turn brown and fall off.