Araliya (fatsiya Japanese) — care at home
Araliya or fats Japanese (Fatsiajaponica) – a spectacular large houseplant with quite large palmate leaves that reach 40 cm in diameter.
The plant itself in the home can reach 1.5-2 m in height.
It feels equally well as in gardens and in pots indoors.
There are two varieties of aralia – variegated zelenolistnyh.
Variegated aralia more demanding winter conditions – it is more thermophilic than zelenolistnyh.
Homeland fatsiyi are Japan and Taiwan. In wild species is shrubs, reaching up to 4m.
In the culture – it is an unbranched plant with a height of 2m. the Barrel covered with light brown bark.
Leaves palchatorazdelnye, brilliantly glossy, with 5-9 lobes. The stalks are thick at the base, brown pubescent. The flowers are inconspicuous, whitish or yellow-green, are collected in umbellate inflorescence at the top.
Fruits blue-purple berries. Fats Japanese – fast grower: a year or two can reach 1.5 m tall.
Growing conditions and maintenance fatsiyi
Araliya photophilous plant, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Tolerates partial shade. In winter requires good lighting.
Temperaturethe Optimum temperature is 18-22°C. In winter fatsiya Japanese prefers a lower temperature of 10-15°C.
In the summer of araliya requires high humidity, and abundant watering, but we need to ensure that water does not stagnate in the pot.
The air around the plants should be frequently sprayed to the leaves stayed wet and shiny. In winter, watering should be moderate.
Transplanting and pruning
Pruning is best done in the spring. The plant safely takes this operation. Also it is easy to transplant, but it is better to transplant when the roots take the whole earthy mass. The best soil for fatsiyi – a mixture of turf land, peat and sand.
The optimal time for propagation is spring. Propagated fatsiya Japanese seed in early spring and late cuttings or air layering. Seeds are planted in the ground in February-March. As soon as leaves appear, transplant into a pot.
Diseases and pests
The main enemies of aralia – scale insects, spider mites and whiteflies. Against them use the drug «Aktara».
If the leaves turned yellow and fell off, it is necessary to find out the cause. Limp leaves are a sign of Preobrazhenski soil.
Dry, brittle leaves indicate lack of moisture. Direct sunlight cause burns to the plants and the leaves shrivel.
With insufficient watering the leaves lose their bright green color, covered with spots, leaf edges dry up.