Akka (feijoa) — care at home
Feijoas, of course, is considered an exotic plant, but keep it at home it is really important to know how to grow.
In the nature of Akka (feijoa), more common in South America. Although to date this plant is not uncommon for the Crimea, Azerbaijan, etc.
In feijoa there is a second unusual name – Akka Selloff. The fruit of this plant contains large amounts of vitamins and minerals.
Due to the high content of iodine, consumption of fruits, helps to improve thyroid function.
The taste of feijoa fruit – like a mixture of strawberry, gooseberry and apricot, but they all differ from each other.
With proper care from the adult plant to harvest more than 2 kg per season. At home, it is a problem on the shoulder only to the most persevering.
Care and cultivation of house
It is recommended to grow plant at a temperature of +18°C +20°C in summer and +12°C +14°C in winter.
This decrease in temperature is due to the fact that all fruit plants, feijoa, including the required period of winter dormancy.
But in the summer time, the temperature of cultivation should be much higher, as the plant room, though, but refers to the tropical.
Accordingly, should do condescending to his home specialization» and not be subjected to a critical test.
Feijoas can withstand and +30 degree heat, but respectively need to increase watering and provide fresh air. To do this, it can be put on the balcony or loggia.
Plant light-requiring, therefore, it needs great lighting. The room should be well lit, but direct sunlight need to be avoided as its leaves can be burned by the rays of the sun.
Pour feijoa need to frequently and abundantly. In the winter, at low temperatures, do not water so often if the air in the room very dry.
Fertilize the plant during the period of vegetative growth is a must. As fertilizing, you need to use a comprehensive fertilizer.
But fertilizing should be made separately, divided into separate fertilization: nitrogen, phosphorus, mineral. All these fertilizers are added after watering.
Transplant feijoa, this piece of work. Its branches are very brittle and with rough handling they are easy to break, especially if the plant is old enough and branchy.
The young plants is recommended to repot every year. When the plant is Mature, it is transplanted with a break of 2 — 3 years.
Transplantation in the usual form, that is, deprivation of land is not necessary, you can do the handling. Well, except for diseased plants and souring the soil.
When transplanting do not submerge the plant is very deep. The soil should be of such composition: turf ground, leaf, peat and sand with humus. All of this should be in equal parts.
The propagation of feijoa cuttings. The stalk is taken solid, height 8-11 cm best to take it from the middle of the crown, where they are usually well developed.
All the leaves except the top pair of pinch off. To land well in a mixture of compost and coarse sand (equal parts). Already earlier this mixture should be sterilized.
It is recommended to plant one-third. In order to handle gave good roots, you need to put it at a slight angle.
Before you plant, you must place the cuttings in a solution of IAA for 16-17 hours. After it is recommended to water the same solution.
Already planted the cuttings should be covered with a jar or bag. The entire procedure is desirable to do in the autumn, when growth of the plant. Here there are some nuances.
First a little light, and therefore require additional lighting. Secondly, need high humidity. It should be equal to 90%.
The shaft and the ground should be sprayed with warm water. The most suitable temperature for the growth of roots +26-28 degrees. Usually the cutting is fully rooted within a month, but can last two.
Pests of plants. Red spider mite (with high humidity and constant spraying it will not appear).
Brown cognoscitiva. This parasite is good Malathion (in the proportion of 5 g per liter of water). Always cost two sprays.
When growing such tropical plants need, capricious care. Not all growers know this, and therefore, not all representatives of this species can bear fruit.