AKANT — care at home


The plant acanthus decorative purposes used for a long time.

It was already cultivated in Ancient Greece and Rome for the decoration of buildings.

His large narrow leaves do an excellent job with the function of shading.

That is why today it is grown for the decoration of the columns, eaves, and gazebos.

In addition, acanthus is an integral part of many flower gardens and Alpine slides. They look quite beautiful and on lawns, planted in small groups.

Subject acanthus and cut, after which they can decorate any room. It does not matter whether they are fresh or dried.

It is known that in the middle ages the roots and leaves of the acanthus were used for therapeutic purposes for coughs, diarrhea and burns skin lesions.

In medicine, this remedy had the Latin name of Branca ursina, which in a literal translation on Russian means «a bear’s paw.»

This title and has been assigned acanthus to the people. Also it can be called also «bear claws», and «Holly».


Varieties of acanthus

There are about two dozen varieties of acanthus, each of which differs in the form of leaves, appearance of flowers and overall size of the plant. The most common are two species of acanthus:

  • Acanthus sharp has a Mediterranean origin and reaches a height of up to 1.5 meters. For this kind of a characteristic purplish-white flowers and thin prickly leaves. Blooms of this species during the last two summer months.
  • Acanthus soft first appeared in the South-West of Europe, where he can have a four-foot height. In Russian conditions this flower usually grows up to 70 cm, This perennial is noteworthy for its large leaves and large inflorescences, which combines a white Corolla with purple stripes and purple, not spiny bracts.

 How to grow acanthus?

Acanthus grows best in conditions fertile light soil. Earthen environment should be neutral or slightly alkaline.

For planting is best to choose a well-lit or slightly shaded place. However, it is desirable that the acanthus got as little as possible of direct sunlight.

This plant needs keeping from the rain and draughts, as it is fraught with overcooling the root system and subsequent death of the individual. Also AKANT not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, during which it begins to lose its leaves.

From April to September, the acanthus should be watered abundantly and regularly sprayed. When temperatures drop the number and amount of irrigation should be reduced.

However, we must ensure that the land does not dry up, as it can lead to death of the plant. In winter spraying acanthus is not needed.

Feed the plant with organic fertilizers in the warm season (from mid spring to early fall once in two weeks.

For Transplantation acanthus difficult to tolerate. However, if the need arose, it is best to repot plants in the spring.

When improper maintenance of acanthus leaves may wither, dry out, turn black or covered with white spots. Eventually the leaves fall off and the plant dies.

Particular care should be taken to the possible defeat of acanthus various pests. It could be aphids, scale insects and spider mites.

At the first sign of the disease is necessary to take urgent measures to rescue the plants and to avoid infecting other individuals.

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