Abelia – types, cultivation, diseases and pests
Abelia is a wonderful plant, used for decoration of apartments, and impart beauty and individuality of the landscape design on your favorite country.
The name of the flower is bound to Chinese Dr. C. Abel, who worked in the 19th century.
Depending on the varietal varieties Abelia can be both evergreen and deciduous.
Small flowers can take various forms: in the form of bells or funnel-shaped, attached to the tops of the bushes.
This ornamental flowering plant characterized by rapid growth, quite a long flowering period and pleasant aroma of flowers.
Species of the shrub Genus Abelia has about 30 species. In Russia there are only a few of them.
- Abelia Chinese. The most common kind for our country, often in our front yards or the houses grows it.
- Abelia grandiflora. A hybrid of the Chinese and Abelii single-flowered, differs greatly branched stems.
- Floriferous Abelia. This is a deciduous tropical plant of medium height (up to 1 meter).
- Abelia trehmetrovaya. Very hardy, and tolerates dry weather and lowering the temperature. The Oh, she can be grown as in indoor environment, and in the country (it is perfect for landscaping a garden plot).
The cultivation of Abelia
To plant the better plant in the fall or spring. Pay special attention to the soil: it should be well drained, rich in minerals.
You only need to water young plants. When the Bush takes root, only requires watering during dry days.
On the one hand, Abelia loves lit areas, so plant it in full sun, the other in very hot days it is necessary to ensure the plant shading.
In addition, remember that Oh, she does not like drafts, so choose a wind-protected site, so you will prolong the flowering period of the plant.
Bush needs constant pruning, usually carried out after the shrub will wither. The best method for breeding plants can serve as basal shoots.
It in sufficient quantity is formed every year. In late summer, take a few shoots and transplanted them to the place chosen for the permanent growth.
Don’t forget about the temperature, it should be not below 20 degrees.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, the shrub is susceptible to and diseases. The most severe damage aphids causing the leaves are covered with the sugary excretions and start to blacken.
In this case, it is necessary to mechanically remove pests, clean the pot «begonia» from the damaged leaves, and then treat the plant with products containing permethrin.
If necessary the treatment can be repeated after some time. Proper care and taking care of the Bush will allow you a long time to enjoy its pleasant fragrance and abundant flowering.