(biography, photo, video) Walter Elias Disney
Walt Disney: a biography
Walt Disney, American animator and film Director, founder of the Studio «Walt Disney Productions», which at the moment has become a powerful media Empire «The Walt Disney Company». It disney is the Creator of the first sound cartoons. During his career he made over 100 films, for which 26 times received a statuette «Oscar», and was also the holder of several dozen other prestigious awards.
Walt Disney was born in Chicago, but when he was not yet five years old, the parents moved the boy and his older brother Roy in a village in Missouri, and after a few years in Kansas city. From childhood he loved to draw, but special education is not received. As a teenager he had to earn money to help the family survive in difficult times – it was the First world war. By the way, Disney managed to serve one year until the end of the war. He was an ambulance driver in France.
After returning home, the young man gets artist to the Studio, where it was used to create commercials. Just then, Walt began experimenting with hand drawn animation and even founded his first Studio «Laugh-O-Gram», which, however, quickly burnt. However, Disney didn’t stop it. It connects to the business of the elder brother, with whom he moved to Los Angeles and arrange a Hollywood Studio «The Walt Disney Company». Then it was a small office where the key people were themselves brothers, and their friend, the artist, AB ayverks.
The first experience of the Disney Studio began a series of cartoons, «Alice in animation». Walt drew more than 50 short silent stories about Alice, the heroine of Lewis Carroll’s tale. Then he began to emerge a particular style of disney movies.
The first author’s character, who was created by Disney, was not the famous Mickey mouse and Oswald rabbit cartoon which came out in 1927 and became very popular. And the legendary mouse appeared in a year in the film «Mad airplane», and at first his name was Mortimer. But in the same year, Mickey mouse received its present name and became a hit all over the world as a cartoon «Steamer Willie» to his participation was the first in the history of cinema sound cartoon. By the way, the mouse voiced by Walt Disney himself.
Then there was the great series of more than 70 musical stories under the title «Funny Symphony». The viewer is first introduced to your favorite characters – duck, Donald duck, goofy dog, yellow dog, Pluto, and many others. Soon to Walt disney the idea to make the world’s first animated feature. It was the film adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale «Snow white and the seven dwarfs», which earned him the title of king of animation.
Later success was corroborated by other feature-length animated films — «Pinocchio», «Dumbo», «Bambi», «Cinderella», «101 Dalmatians» and many others. The last cartoon that came out during the lifetime of Walt Disney, is the story of Mowgli «the Jungle Book». After his death other artists finished the movie «the aristocats», but the collaboration of Disney with the great artist Salvador Dali «Destino», sadly, forever unfinished.
In the late 40-ies of the Studio «Walt Disney» has started to expand its capabilities, limited only to this animation. The screens began to leave the movies, which are aimed primarily at children. Teenagers and children was appointed and the Director’s educational picture about Disney nature — «the Vanishing Prairie», «Living desert» and others.
As a producer Walt made in the adventure films «treasure Island,» «Robin hood» and the famous musical «Mary Poppins», which was awarded five Oscars.
Not to mention that Disney was of enormous importance not only picture but also sound. He always carefully selected music to it emphasized and enhanced the effect of perception of events. Also the Director-animator has repeatedly been an innovator in the movie.
He made the first sound cartoon, the first movie with stereo sound, the first feature-length animated film, first used shooting from three film. In addition, it was awarded to any employee who had an interesting idea, so colleagues were always interested in fruitful work.
Once, walking with his daughters, Walt Disney thought about creating a special place for children where they could entertain and spend time with their parents, surrounded by favorite cartoon characters.
In 1953, he finally persuaded the 17 families to sell him the land and 50 kilometers from Los Angeles built an amusement Park, stunning in its size and technical capabilities. The opening of the Park took place two years later and he is now internationally known as «Disneyland».
Walt Disney was only married once. The woman he loved was Lillian Bounds, Secretary of his Studio, with whom he lived until his death. They married in 1925, had long wanted a child, but the whole 8 years every pregnancy ended tragically. Walt and Lillian suffered greatly, while they in 1933, he finally had a daughter Diana Mary. 4 years later they adopted an abandoned child whom they named Sharon Mae. As noted by all the friends, Walt has always been an exemplary family man and all free time to devote to his wife and children.
It’s funny, but the Creator of Micky mouse lives in fear of mice.
In his political views Walt Disney was a staunch anti-Communist, cooperated with the FBI and wrote denunciations of Hollywood employees who were suspected of sympathy with the «red». And in the 21st century declassified documents revealed one more thing. It turns out that during world war II, Disney has supported the idea of anti-Semitism and loyal to German policy.
Walt Disney died in 1966 of lung cancer. Because of this, since in the movies and cartoon company «Disney» do not show characters Smoking. By the way, it’s very common version that the body of the multiplier has been frozen in a special chamber to revive him in the future. In fact, the remains of Disney are buried in the cemetery forest Lawn in Los Angeles.
The legendary man was devoted to two films. In the biographical drama «Saving Mr. banks» Walt was played by the actor Tom Hanks, and in the documentary film from the series «Geniuses and villains bygone era» it depicted a Russian actor Dmitri Filimonov.
- 1928 — Steamboat Willie
- 1937 — Snow white and the seven dwarfs
- 1940 — Pinocchio
- 1941 — Dumbo
- 1942 — Bambi
- 1950 — Cinderella
- 1951 — Alice in Wonderland
- 1953 — Peter Pan
- 1963 — the sword in the stone
- 1966 — the jungle Book