(biography, photos, videos) Vyacheslav Tikhonov
Vyacheslav Tikhonov: biography
Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov was born near Moscow in the town of Pavlovsky Posad on 8 February 1928. The family lived in a two story wooden house with grandma and grandpa. Father Vasily Romanovich by profession was a mechanic, but worked as a worker at a textile factory. Mother, Valentina Vyacheslavovna worked as a kindergarten teacher.
In 1941 the Great Patriotic War, at this time, Vyacheslav was barely 13 years old. His home school became a military hospital, and he was enrolled in a trade school of specialization in «Turner». After studying the guy started to work in a factory, specialty, performing military orders, and thereby making a contribution to the Great Victory.
Young future actor was marred by a volley of explosions and gunfire, but it failed to kill a childhood dream of becoming an actor. Tikhonov was a childhood captured on-screen characters: Chapaev in the performance of Boris Babochkin, Nikolai Cherkasov as Alexander Nevsky and others. In 1944, the Tikhonov was enrolled in the preparatory course Automotive Institute, but in 1945, a teacher of Cinematography Boris Bibikov accepted him as his student.
In three years since joining the film Institute hosted the television debut of a young actor. His first role was the role of Volodya Osmekhina in the film by Sergei Gerasimov «Young guard». After graduation in 1950, Vyacheslav was invited to play in the movie «days of Peace» directed by Vladimir Braun. With the release of this picture of the invitation to the shooting began to come much more often.
In the same year was held and the theatrical debut of Vyacheslav Tikhonov. Theatre-Studio of film actor became the first theatre stage, which was stepped future stars. Theatrical career of the actor lasted for seven years, during which time he was accepted for permanent work in the Studio named after Maxim Gorky. This is what influenced the decision Tikhonov finally leave the theatre and concentrate all their efforts on cinematic works.
The following years were truly a «star» in the career of the actor. During this time with his participation was released such legendary films as «Seventeen moments of spring», «White BIM black ear», «War and peace», «Live till Monday», «it happened in Penkovo» and «TASS is authorized to declare». Scatter images of Vyacheslav huge: from Dukes to spies, from school teachers to the KGB officer.
Bright external data, it would seem, in the actor’s sphere of activity was supposed to be a huge plus, Tikhonov moved into the category of cons. Strict ideological machine of the Soviet Union took his appearance into the category of too «non-Russians», too «aristocratic». Therefore, the actor has again and again had to prove that Tikhonov was not only the appearance, but also a good professional, a «typical» actor.
However, his entire career in the box of the actor there is only one Comedy role – the role of the owner of the dresser in the film, Mark Genin «streets of the dresser drove». In the late seventies Tikhonov became the TV voice of the Secretary General in the documentary trilogy «the Small earth» according to the memoirs of L. V. Brezhnev. Desire to hear these memoirs in the execution Tikhonov came from the Leonid Ilyich. From 1989 to 2009 Vyacheslav Vasilyevich was the artistic Chairman of the TPS «movie Actor».
Time adjustment turned out to Tikhonov’s a burden. The collapse of ideals, which determined the course of his life, and the change of ideology was too heavy psychological burden for an actor. During this period, he does not have such prominent roles that were previously. And it’s not evidence that it is no longer valued as an artist. Rather, the lack of important roles in that era suggests that Tikhonov himself has ceased to appreciate cinema as part of the ideology.
Only in 1998, in his career Tikhonov was a role that came to him by heart. The film-grotesque «Composition for victory Day», directed by Sergei Orascom. It Tikhonov, Oleg Efremov, Michael Ulyanov play veterans who are not satisfied with the modern reality of the «new Russia» and away they go, aimlessly, on the plane. Vyacheslav Tikhonov this role expressed his attitude to the current state of things.
After that, there was another powerful image – the role of Tikhon in the film based on Dostoevsky’s novel «Demons». The last exit of the actor on the television screens was the film «Andersen. A life without love».
Vyacheslav Tikhonov was a bright person, charismatic professional and a good person. His life is not only legendary Stirlitz, he — people’s artist of USSR, Hero of socialist labor, laureate of several awards of national importance and has many orders. Tikhonov dedicated to the documentary of his close friend, S. B. Rostotsky «Profession – actor». Role-Vyacheslav whole generation, and his characters delight audiences today.
In recent years a great actor lived in his cottage, avoiding the society. His best friends are long gone from life, and Vyacheslav alone spent time watching TV, browsing your movie experience.
Vyacheslav’s first marriage was registered in the College years. His chosen one was Nonna Mordjukova. This Union lasted for thirteen years, he was born the son of Vladimir. At the age of 40 years Vladimir died. Even as an 18-year-old boy, the son of Tikhonov addicted to drugs and alcohol, the perennial struggle of parents for the health ended tragically.
The second wife of the artist became the interpreter Tamara Ivanova, whom he met on the dubbing of the French movie «Man and woman», and while working on the film «Live till Monday» they held their wedding. In these respects, Vyacheslav Tikhonov spent 42 years of his life. The couple had a daughter, Anna, who after graduation of the Institute of Cinematography became an actress and a producer.
Illness and death
The actor, who is every way gave people a piece of yourself and your heart, died at the age of 81 years because of heart problems. In 2002 Tikhonov suffered a myocardial infarction, in 2007 was admitted to the hospital for complaints of heart pain, and in 2008 underwent a simple operation.
At the end of November 2009 Vyacheslav Vasilyevich was delivered in the Central clinical hospital where he had surgery on the heart vessels. The operation was made successfully, and the doctors noted a trend towards improvement, however the actor refused the kidneys, then to the ventilator was connected to the lungs. 4 Dec 2009 Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Tikhonov died.
The actor was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.
- The young guard
- In the days of peace
- Heart beats again
- It was in Penkovo
- Two lives
- Optimistic tragedy
- A hero of our time
- War and peace
- We’ll live till Monday
- Seventeen moments of spring
- Front without flanks
- They fought for the Motherland
- White BIM Black ear
- The streets led dresser