(biography, photo, video) Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin: biography
Vladimir Putin is an outstanding politician and statesman of Russia, the President of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the party «United Russia». Since 2000, became the successor of the former President of Russia Boris Yeltsin on a post of the head of state, he was already a third term as President runs the country. All presidential elections of the Russian Chapter has won the first round, gaining more than 50% of the vote. Thanks to the successful and efficient work of the Russian President, the country has witnessed dramatic changes in the economy and in politics, which is why many experts call Russia-2008 and the Russia-2000 are completely different States.
He was born Vladimir Putin Oct 07, 1952 in Leningrad in a family of factory workers. His father, Vladimir Spiridonovich, was a former soldier, during world war II he served in the commando units of the NKVD, and later took an active part in the defense of Leningrad. Mother Maria Ivanovna worked at the factory, and after a nurse at a local hospital, she survived the Leningrad blockade, was a very kind and sympathetic person. It is known that Vladimir Putin was a late child in the family: he had two older brothers, born and died during the second world war even before the birth of the future President of Russia.
The Putin family lived in a Leningrad communal apartment, located at No. 12 Baskov lane. Until today the President of the Russian Federation recalls his childhood in the housing without amenities, emphasizing its seemingly invisible connection with the country’s population. The parents of Vladimir Putin, died in 1998 and 1999 from cancer, and not having time to enjoy the success of the son in politics.
She studied the young Vladimir Putin in the usual the eight-year school №193, and at the end went to a special school with a chemical bias No. 281, where he received a certificate of complete secondary education. The school, Putin showed himself a diligent disciple, who are fond of learning foreign languages. At the age of 11 he became interested in the sport and enrolled in judo lessons. Sports biography of Vladimir Putin’s filled with numerous achievements in this direction. By this time, the President of the Russian Federation continues to do martial arts, one of the last achievements in the sport became the honorary ninth Dan in Korean martial martial arts, Taekwondo and eighth Dan Kyokushin assigned to it in 2013 and 2014.
At the end of the school Vladimir Putin enrolled at Leningrad state University’s law faculty, from which he graduated in 1975. In his student years, Putin met with Anatoly Sobchak, who taught in the University classes in business law. The future mayor of St. Petersburg later played a role in the successful career of Vladimir Putin.
Service in the KGB
After graduating LSU the young specialist was distributed for service in the state security organs. In the KGB, Putin worked for almost 10 years. In the late 70-ies Vladimir Putin was trained in the Higher KGB school No. 1 (now the institution was renamed the School of Foreign intelligence), and took the course of training for operational staff, where he obtained certification of a Junior officer in the KGB.
In 1985, the future head of Russia were sent to the GDR. There he worked in the KGB territorial reconnaissance point Dresden, occupying the position of Director of «friendship House of the GDR-USSR». In office the President has made significant progress, for which he was awarded the medal «For merits before the National people’s army of the GDR.» Superannuation Putin raised the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and was offered a position in the Central apparatus of the foreign intelligence service of the KGB of the USSR in Moscow.
From service in the Russian capital, the future head of the Russian Federation refused and returned to his native Leningrad in the first Department of the KGB intelligence. In 1991, Vladimir Putin has submitted a report on the dismissal from the KGB and became assistant rector of Leningrad state University on international issues. In 1992 in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel was transferred to the KGB reserve.
Political biography of Vladimir Putin started in 1991 in St. Petersburg, where, after the dismissal from the KGB he headed the Committee for external relations of the city hall. Along with this, since 1994 he was the first Deputy Chairman of the government of St. Petersburg. These posts Vladimir Putin took at the suggestion of Anatoly Sobchak, whom Putin as a responsible worker was advised by the rector of Leningrad state University.
Part of the team of the future Russian Chapter, St. Petersburg mayor’s office, in particular, Dmitry Medvedev
In 1996, after Sobchak’s defeat in the gubernatorial election of Vladimir was invited to work in Moscow as Deputy Manager of the President of the Russian Federation. Just a year later, Putin was promoted and took the position of head of the Main Directorate of the Russian President. Two years of intensive work, the future President of the Russian Federation has become one of the most powerful individuals in the Kremlin, thereby again changed his position and headed the Federal security service of Russia and later the Russian security Council.
In 1999, former Russian President Boris Yeltsin decided to transfer its power to Vladimir Putin, presenting it in a formal televised address to the people of the country as his successor. In view of the current Russian Constitution, the future President of the country had for a short period to go through several stages of career ladder to climb on the highest pedestal of the state. Then he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and later Prime Minister. In March 2000 Vladimir Putin won his first presidential election.
The President of the Russian Federation
First Putin’s presidential term began on the background of the invasion of Chechen militants in Dagestan. The decisive actions of the Federal forces in Chechnya, due to the new President of Russia, which brought long-awaited victory for the war-weary population, have become a key point, a strong position of Putin in the presidential chair.
From the very first steps at the head of the Russian Mr Putin began to make radical reforms which had a positive impact on the economic situation. Then his ratings of popularity and recognition in the population increased significantly, which allowed Putin to lead the country during the second presidential term. The results of the elections of the Russian head in 2004, he again won the first round and ahead of the competition in the struggle for a post of the head of the Russian Federation with a substantial margin.
Russian President Vladimir Putin during the presidency, the country spent most of the constitutional-political reform, improved legislation in the judicial sphere, adopted a Decree on the new Criminal code, reorganize the Supreme and Supreme arbitration courts of the country, signed the law on ratification of the Convention of the Council of Europe on criminal liability for corruption and approved the foreign policy Concept of the Russian Federation. According to many foreign experts, Vladimir Putin inherited a very heavy legacy in the form of Russia, which he «took» from imminent collapse.
After the second presidential term of Vladimir Putin many critics of his activities claimed that he will find a way to stay at the head of the Russian government head on. However, he decided not to go against the Constitution, providing for the possibility of ruling the country one President more than two terms, therefore, handed over their powers to successor, Dmitry Medvedev, who in 2008, the Russians chose a new President. Putin has held the post of Prime Minister and became Chairman of the party «United Russia».
In the period when Russia was under the rule of Dmitry Medvedev, the society continued to give primacy in making important political decisions Putin, in connection with which the Russian government has firmly established the concept of «tandem». At that time the country did not escape the global economic crisis, in which a key focus of Vladimir Putin has become a social focus and the preservation of the stabilization in the society.
In 2011 at the time the incumbent Russian President Dmitry Medvedev formally nominated Putin for the presidency in the 2012 elections, Mr Putin once again won the race for the presidency, gaining 63.6% of the vote. After taking office, he has offered Medvedev the post of Prime Minister.
The events in Ukraine and Crimea
The third presidential term of Vladimir Putin began with the signing of a series of the may decrees of 2012. The resonant changes in the country were the events of 2014, when Putin supported turned for help to the Russian Crimea, through the refusal of local population to accept the legitimacy of the new government after a coup in Ukraine.
While the Kremlin signed a Treaty making Crimea part of Russia through education of new subjects of the Russian Federation, namely Sevastopol and Republic of Crimea. With the help of Russian authorities in Crimea, a referendum was organized, the results of which, on 11 March, was proclaimed a sovereign Republic of Crimea, and on the 18th of March 2014 was signed the agreement on the accession of the Crimean Republic into the Russian Federation.
Then Russia collapsed wave of criticism and attacks from European countries that consider the annexation of Crimea to Russia’s annexation and the situation in the Donbas with actions of the Russian President.
Following the annexation of Crimea, Russia was accused of allegedly holding secret military campaign in the South-East of Ukraine, supported and financed militia forces and the active participation of the Russian military in the fighting in the Donbass. Against the background of these developments, the EU and the government of some other foreign countries impose on Russia responsible for the political crisis and the ensuing military conflict in Ukraine, adopted in Russia a number of sanctions, which naturally had a negative impact on the economy of both sides.
Personal life of Vladimir Putin is securely hidden from the public and the eyes of the Russians. According to official data it is known that he married the Russian Chapter in 1983 Lyudmila Skrebneski, with whom he lived nearly 30 years in marriage. Lyudmila Putin is not a public figure, she rarely appeared with her husband at various events. There is also information that the leaders of Russia have two daughters — Mary and Catherine. The private life of Putin’s daughters, like the President of the Russian Federation, is carefully guarded and not be public.
In 2013 Vladimir and Lyudmila Putin officially announced their divorce. According to spouses, they have experienced a «civilized divorce». The official reason for the divorce with his wife Putin was named full-time employment of the Russian Chapter at work, with the result that spouses are almost not seen. Ex-wife Lyudmila Putin said that despite the divorce, Mr Putin is very good to her and the children, by providing comprehensive support in all matters.
After the divorce with his wife Putin Russian and foreign mass media were flooded with unconfirmed reports of a love affair with head of the Russian gymnast Alina Kabaeva. Despite the fact that the personal life of the first persons of Russia is «taboo» for journalists, the relationship of Vladimir Putin and Alina Kabaeva are being actively discussed for several years. To all the public speculation the Russian head gives comments, he thinks they’re nonsense.
Press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov on these rumors made a statement that «the Russians chose the President, not the man», therefore it is highly advised journalists to discuss Putin’s personality only in a political way, without interference in her personal life.