(biography, photos, videos) Victoria Nuland
Victoria Nuland biography
Victoria Nuland is one of the key figures of American diplomacy in the European political arena. In Washington it has the reputation of being the «superactive» as skillfully keeps under his leadership more than 50 us embassies and missions in Europe. Her style of doing things a lot of European politicians think is too straightforward and sometimes «not diplomatic» but this does not prevent Nuland to move up the career ladder and gain recognition of the country’s population.
Victoria Nuland was born in 1961 (to date, none of the official source, even on the website of the U.S. state Department does not specify her exact date of birth) in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Her father was a surgeon, Professor of bioethics and writer Bernard Nuland. Pedigree American diplomat has Jewish roots, as my grandmother and grandfather on the paternal side were Jewish immigrants who left the Russian Empire in the early 1900’s. At birth, the father of the assistant Secretary of state for European Affairs bore the name Nudelman, but later in life he decided to Americanize their lineage, changing it to Nuland.
The childhood and youth of Victoria Nuland went as all children from educated families – despite the fact that she had three younger brothers and sisters, parents paid maximum attention to the education of his daughter, to instill in her a love of learning. Therefore, on reaching the school age, the future diplomat was sent to study in a private College Choate Rosemary Hall in Wallingford, where the training took place in a separate program for boys and girls. In College, Victoria was a good student, which allowed her afterward to go to one of the most prestigious private US universities — Brown University faculty of public policy.
After receiving a «ticket» in the diplomatic world, Nuland had a chance distribution to visit different countries of the world. According to her own statements it was then that she first visited the Soviet Union, working as a pioneer in the Odessa camp «Young guard». In the same period she also worked as a translator on Soviet fishing vessel.
Political career of Victoria Nuland started in 1985. Then she, as a 23-year-old novice politician, worked for several years in China, which has established itself a professional diplomat. For this she received a promotion and was transferred to the office of the Department of state for Pacific and East Asia. In two years, showing the interest of the Soviet Union, Nuland instructed to oversee the issues for the Soviet Union in the Mongolian Ulaanbaatar, which became the starting point of its participation in the U.S. foreign policy towards Russia.
Since 1991, Victoria Nuland sent to Moscow, where she worked at the U.S. Embassy and was responsible for liaison with the government, the first President of Russia Boris Yeltsin. In 1993, the diplomat fell deeper into US foreign policy – its objectives included the issues of Russia and NATO expansion. It was then that she was able to demonstrate its rigidity and diplomatic professionalism, failing to resolve important issues of nuclear disarmament of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan.
In the 1997-99 years, Nuland received a new promotion. She became Deputy Director of the state Department of the former USSR, representing the political interests of the US in relations with Russia and the countries of the Caucasus. In the early 2000-ies the diplomat was appointed to the Board on international Affairs of the United States, which defended the interests of his country before other world powers that have demonstrated pronounced anti-Americanism and fundamental criticism of American politics and the population.
The next stage in my career, Victoria Nuland was associated with the North Atlantic Alliance. In 2001, she became Deputy U.S. permanent representative to NATO. The achievement of a diplomat in this direction was significant for States, because it is thanks to Nuland, her country has received tremendous support all over the world after the September 11 attacks, according to article 5 of the NATO Treaty, «an attack on one ally is an attack on all». Also, the diplomat was able to significantly expand the Alliance and attracted 7 new members, actively worked on the creation of Council Russia-the NATO and provided strong support for the deployment of NATO forces outside of Afghanistan in 2003, after the invasion of coalition forces in Iraq to overthrow Saddam Hussein.
The next two years Victoria Nuland worked in the national security Council of the United States, where he was engaged in solving global problems related to Afghanistan, Iraq, the Middle East and Lebanon. For their professionalism and a clear position in these issues, the diplomat was appointed to the post of U.S. permanent representative to NATO, while continuing to oversee the issues of the Russian directions and the enlargement of the Alliance.
In 2011, Victoria Nuland was appointed press Secretary of the US state Department as a «consummate professional». In this position, she worked for less than 2 years – in 2013 the diplomat was sworn in as assistant Secretary of state for European Affairs. Her successor in the post of press Secretary was Jen Psaki, which is more clearly manifested itself in this position, famous for its «winged» phrases in the world.
New position Victoria Nuland is actively involved in the Ukrainian conflict and has a significant influence on all political processes in Ukraine. She was one of the few political figures who visited Euromaidan in Kiev, where he had the personal support of the organizers of the coup. Supporting the «Maidan» movement, Nuland became famous in the main Ukrainian square what treated all the protesters «cookies» in the Slavic tradition.
In early 2016 Victoria Nuland continues to adhere to «anti-Russian» position and supports the continuation of sanctions against Russia as a «friend» of the Ukrainian government. However, she also maintains a dialogue with the Russian side regarding the implementation of the Minsk agreements, which today is the only way to stop the war in the Donbass.
Personal life Victoria Nuland also carefully hidden from the public eye, as the exact age of the diplomat. It is known that she is married to American politician and journalist Robert Kagan, a senior associate of the Carnegie Foundation, whose main task is international peace.
Nuland with her husband has shared the same ideology and views of the world – they support each other in professional activities and family life. Married Nuland and Kagan had two children that did not prevent Victoria to pursue a political career aimed at protecting U.S. interests worldwide.