(biography, photos, videos) Svetlana Alliluyeva
Svetlana Alliluyeva: biography
Svetlana Alliluyeva is the only daughter of the «leader of all times and peoples» of Joseph Stalin, a biography which is like a solid adventure that has nothing to do with the traditional fate of the children of high-ranking Soviet politicians. In my entire life it 39 times changed a residence, trying to escape the «enormous shadow» of his father, and in world history in 1967, after the publication of the memoir «Twenty letters to a friend» in which Stalin’s daughter spoke about her father and the Kremlin life. In fact, the whole history of life Alliluyeva is its emigration to the West and return to the Soviet Union, many marriages, and the novels that she literally expressed in his memoirs that had huge popularity worldwide.
Born Svetlana Alliluyeva 28 February 1926 in Leningrad in a family of Soviet revolutionary Joseph Stalin and Nadezhda Alliluyeva. She became the second child in the family of the future «leader of people» — she had an older brother Basil and brother father Jacob, born in the first marriage between Stalin and Ekaterina Svanidze. Childhood Alliluyeva, despite the financial welfare of her family and the love of parents can not be called bright and happy, as the father expressed his love offensive to the child in a way that left an imprint on the fate of the girls.
In 1932, six years Svetlana became a semi-orphan – her mother committed suicide, so the children were fully dependent upon the father, who could not pay them enough attention because of full employment in the public service. Then the education of the children of Stalin Svetlana and Vasily took nanny Aleksandra Andreyevna, who previously worked in the family of French philosopher and playwright of Russian origin Nikolay Evreinov. It was her influence and set the key direction of the future career of Svetlana Josifova, who from childhood wanted to become a philologist.
Alliluyeva graduated from model school No. 25, where he showed his interest in literature. School years, Stalin’s daughter took place next to his father in the Kremlin, but it did not bring the child joy. In school, classes took her personal driver, her house was surrounded by numerous as a governess, but she was strictly forbidden to communicate with their peers, hanging out with the neighborhood kids and engage in conversations with strangers. Therefore, the leisure-time she brightened with learning English and watching Soviet movies on a home projector.
At the end of the school Svetlana Alliluyeva wanted to attend a Literary institution, than has caused anger of a father who thought his writing unworthy occupation for her daughter. Stalin insisted that it has arrived on historical faculty of Moscow state University, but after graduation Svetlana received the blessing of Joseph Stalin and became a fellow of the Academy of social Sciences under the CPSU Central Committee. In 1954, Stalin’s daughter defended her dissertation and became candidate of philological Sciences.
The fate of Stalin’s daughter
After graduation Svetlana Alliluyeva was actively engaged in literary pursuits, as she turned out to be a real «philological virgin.» She got a job at the Institute of world literature, where he studied the books of Soviet writers and was engaged in the translation of English books, among which were the product of «Munich conspiracy» by John Lewis.
In 60-e years after Stalin’s death, which left a legacy of Alliluyeva 900 rubles for the savings book, and at the beginning of the «Khrushchev thaw,» the biography of Svetlana Alliluyeva radically changes its direction. Being twice divorced, she enters into a civil marriage with a citizen of India Bergesen Singh, with whom she lived for several years. In 1966 from a serious disease Singh dies, and she decides to bury him at home. The Soviet authorities allowed Stalin’s daughter to go abroad, where she did not want to return to the USSR.
Svetlana Iosifovna they asked the United States for political asylum, which caused a scandal in the Union. Automatically enrolled in the list of «traitors defectors», for which Alliluyeva deprived of citizenship. To go out of India directly to the United States from Stalin’s daughter did not – she was sent to Switzerland, and only after that she managed to move to America.
All of a sudden in 1984, Svetlana Alliluyeva decided to return home. In the USSR kindly met «the fugitive» and gave her all the conditions for comfortable living accommodation, private car with driver and retired as the KGB did not want to let her out of your sight. According to Stalin’s daughter, at that time she came under a sealed «cap» of the Soviet authorities, the woman refused to put up with. So she moved to his home in Georgia, where she received a truly Royal conditions for living.
But two years in the Union have not made Svetlana neither happiness nor peace of mind, so she decided to return to America. This time she was helped to leave the first and only President of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev. He personally ordered that Stalin’s daughter freely out of the country, after which Svetlana Iosifovna forever renounced Soviet citizenship.
Returning to America, she was unable to arrange his life, so she had to live in a nursing home in Madison. In 2005, for the first time in many years, Svetlana Alliluyeva agreed to give an interview to Russian journalists and even star in the documentary «Svetlana about Svetlana». However, Stalin’s daughter refused to speak Russian, referring to something that has nothing to do with the Russian people, as her father was Georgian and his mother was a daughter of Gypsy and German women.
Throughout the life of Svetlana Alliluyeva was engaged in writing his memoirs, in which he described his memories of his father and the Kremlin life. Her first piece, «20 letters to a friend» was published in London in 1967. The book created a furor both in the West and in the USSR that brought Stalin’s daughter international fame and an honorarium of $ 2.5 million.
Then the Union EN masse condemning «Stalinism», so no one believed that Svetlana Iosifovna has earned the money with his writing – was the version that the money she withdrew from a Swiss account of Stalin saving for a «rainy day» money abroad. Later this version was refuted completely.
Then Svetlana Alliluyeva has published three more works: «Only one year», «Distant music» and «a Book for granddaughters,» which was released under the pseudonym of Lana Peters. The memoirs of Stalin’s daughter did not bring her phenomenal success, as the company already pocacola of her first book, important information for themselves, and in the Union until Stalin’s repression began to justify and find an explanation.
Personal life Svetlana Alievoy — solid turbulent affair, which is of interest in modern society. Stalin’s daughter was married 5 times, and between marriages ringleader loud novels cause resonance reaction (especially in the USSR). The first time she got married back in College for a classmate of his brother, Gregory Morozov, than has displeased the father. Then Stalin flatly refused even to see his son-in-law and did everything that the young family as soon as possible disintegrated. To this marriage have Alliluyeva was born first, which she in honor of his father called Joseph.
In 1949, Svetlana Iosifovna divorced her first husband and was married to Izbrana Stalin to Yuri Zhdanov, the son of the Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Young people before marriage never even met, so their marriage was not the most pleasant «surprise» for both. Alliluyeva, gave birth to a daughter, Yekaterina Zhdanov, but after birth, immediately divorced her husband. Then Stalin had to put up with the rebellious nature of his daughter and to stop interfering in her personal life.
In 1957, the daughter of Stalin the third time, married a Soviet scientist and Africanist Ivan Svanidze, happiness which is not found. Two years later the family broke up, and Alliluyeva began to have Affairs than have earned the reputation of a flighty woman who does not adhere to the ethical norms of society. Then the list of men Alliluyeva were joined by the poet David Samoilov and literary critic Andrei Sinyavsky.
Fourth marriage Alliluyeva was a civilian, as her lover was Indian. At that time the Soviet government forbade him to have that relationship with a foreigner, after whose death happened first emigration of the daughter of Stalin from the Soviet Union.
In 1970, Svetlana Alliluyeva married for the fifth time in the United States. Her husband was the architect William Peters. In this marriage the daughter of Stalin was born the third child – a daughter, Olga, but it has not allowed it to maintain relations with American, who, as it turned out, married the «Soviet Princess» in the hope that it is the rich heir «great leader». After Svetlana Iosifovna spent on projects wife all his royalties for his memoirs, he left her with the baby, leaving without livelihood.
All these «adversity, political persecution and the constant moving from country to country is completely severed relations Svetlana with their children today who don’t even want to hear about your mother. Her eldest son Joseph was a famous scientist-cardiologist, who in 2008 died from a stroke. Middle Daughter Catherine became a volcanologist – all her life she worked in Kamchatka and was unable to forgive his mother, who threw her to the Union during his first exile. The youngest daughter, Olga Peters, who later changed her name Chris Evans, as well as her older brothers and sisters, lost his mother in 1986 when, after returning to the U.S., she gave the girl in the Cambridge school.
In 2011, 86-m to year of life Svetlana Allilueva died in a nursing home from colon cancer. At the request of his daughter Olga, her body was cremated and sent to Oregon. To date date and place of the funeral of the daughter of Stalin is unknown.
Later it turned out that all my life in America Svetlana Alliluyeva was under the gun in the CIA, became known after the declassification of the mission of the FBI’s file. The document says that Svetlana Iosifovna because of his «pedigree» was very harsh and hard attitude. Her fate was full of tragedy and loneliness that was a kind of retribution for Stalin’s repressions, which have brought sorrow to almost every Soviet family, and killed millions of people.