(biography, photos, videos) Roman Abramovich
Roman Abramovich biography
Roman Abramovich is today one of the most famous Russian entrepreneurs, whose success is evident not only in business but also in social life. This is a man who knows how to create events that attract world attention.
The childhood of the future billionaire was not easy: at the age of four years, the novel was left an orphan. Although he was born into a Jewish family, but in the Soviet passport, Boris Abramovich in the column «nationality» it was written «Russian». His mother died when he was a year old, and three years later the father Nahimovich Arkady Abramovich was killed in a construction site accident.
After the tragic events of the Novel takes on the education of his uncle’s Life, he worked as the head of the working supply wood industry in the city of Ukhta. In this city and was a big part of childhood, the future billionaire.
In 1974, the boy moved to Moscow, where he lives with his second uncle Abram Abramovich. After 232 school Roman Abramovich is in the army, completed his service with the rank of private defense. Returning two years later back to Ukhta, Roman arrives at the forestry Department in the local industrial Institute. Here, the future entrepreneur does not show observable interest in learning, but at this time, observes in himself the brilliant organizational skills. Higher education Abramovich never received.
Business and career
Since the late 80-ies of XX century Roman Abramovich begins active business. As the first direction of the young businessman acquires its own manufacturing plant — the cooperative «Comfort», which produces plastic toys. Partners Abramovich this cooperative later became part of the management of Sibneft.
The next step for him to become the intermediary and trading operations. Some time later his interests switched to the oil trade. His circle of acquaintances was replenished with a considerable number of influential people. While the novel deals with Boris Berezovsky, and maintains a close relationship with the family of the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin. Subsequently, thanks to these connections he managed to become the owner of the company «Sibneft».
In the early 90-ies of the novel was the founder of several companies. Later, he became the head of the company «AVK», which carried out intermediary operations in the oil market. At this time is recorded and the first scandal with participation of Roman Abramovich — in 1992, he was taken into custody on suspicion of stealing diesel fuel worth 4 million rubles.
In the mid 90-ies of Roman Abramovich is working to create a large vertically integrated oil Corporation. In the spring of 1998 an attempt was made to enterprises of the company «Sibneft» and Yukos, but this idea was not successful due to the fact that the owners were unable to agree among themselves. This year is the breakup of Abramovich and Berezovsky. The reason for this was the business and political differences.
In 1998, the media first mentions the name of Roman Abramovich. By the time he managed to stay hidden so successfully that no one even knew what he looks like. Everything changed when leaked to the press was information that Roman Abramovich is a confidant of Russian President Boris Yeltsin, and also pays for the costs of his daughter and son-in-law, campaign Finance policy in 1996.
Until December 1999, the capital of Roman Abramovich is estimated at $ 14 billion. Among the major projects of the businessman in the early 2000s highlighted the establishment of the company «Russian aluminium» together with Oleg Deripaska. In addition, Roman Abramovich bought the shares of the ORT TV channel owned by Berezovsky, and sold them «savings». Also the management of Sibneft buys a controlling stake in the company «Aeroflot».
From 2001 to 2008, Abramovich is Governor of the Chukotka Autonomous district. The Governor of Chukotka has successfully developed the oil industry in the region for seven years.
In 2003, the tycoon carries out a business activity, which brought him, in addition to profit widely popular in society. Abramovich buys English soccer club Chelsea, which was at that moment on the brink of ruin. Paying off the debts of the club, Roman Abramovich takes on the updating team. The conclusion of a multi-million dollar contracts with the most prestigious players receives wide publicity in Russian and British media.
According to rough estimates, the businessman has invested in the development of the club’s 150 million pounds, which provoked a storm of criticism in the national press related to the fact that Abramovich develops international sport. Rumored to buy Chelsea tycoon attempted to buy the club «CSKA», but the deal never took place.
Thanks to the investment club «Chelsea» for the first time in its history, won the UEFA Champions League (the most prestigious club tournament in Europe), beating Bayern Munich in the penalty shoot-out.
Did not remain without attention of the businessman and domestic activities in April 2006 to the post of chief coach of the national team of Russia on football was invited by the eminent Dutch footballer Guus Hiddink. Initiated by Roman Abramovich. He created the Fund «national Academy of Football» pays the fees and travel expenses of the coaching staff of the Russian team.
Income and status
In 2009 Roman Abramovich is the 51st place in the list of the richest people in the world, published by the American financial and economic magazine Forbes. In recent years, Abramovich was considered the richest man in Russia, as always, was in second place after billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov.
By the end of 2015, the capital of Roman Abramovich is estimated at 9.1 billion. The businessman has villas in great Britain, France and Russia. Also owned by the oligarch two boats, each equipped with facilities for helicopters.
The famous Abramovich’s yacht Eclipse, which is estimated at 340 million euros, is 170 meters in length, equipped with modern missile alert and a small submarine. The vessel is able to dive to a depth of about 50 meters. In the manufacture of yachts were used by valuable breeds of wood, bulletproof glass and plating the Board.
The oligarch owns two armored limousines, a collection of sports cars, including the Ferrari FXX and Bugatti Veyron. In addition, the businessman bought two personal Boeing 767 cost of 56 million pounds, converted in accordance with the wishes of the entrepreneur, and the Airbus A340 with increased takeoff weight (version 313X), bought them in 2008.
For contribution to social and economic development of the Chukotka Autonomous district Roman Abramovich was awarded the Order of Honour in 2006.
Many financial experts say that the opinion about the ability of Abramovich to some extent untrue. Of course, the billionaire will remain in the list of top entrepreneurs, but its position significantly in recent years lost. According to Forbes, in 2016, Roman Abramovich was ranked 13th in the list of richest Russian businessmen. However, the oligarch continues to be one of the most active players in the real estate market.
At the end of 2014, the billionaire has spent a significant amount of funds for the purchase of three townhouses in new York on East 75th street. These premises businessman planned to join in a five-storey mansion. Such purchase cost the Russians $70 million.
According to the Declaration, the most valuable asset of Roman Abramovich is in the suburbs. According to Russian media reports, the famous entrepreneur owns two «palaces» area for 2421,2 and 1131,2 sq. m. in addition, special attention to members of the public noticed two huge mansion located in United States (1329 square meters) and France (910 sq m).
Analysts suggest that the art collection, which is available to Abramovich, is also quite impressive. Independent experts have estimated the collection of art of the Russians about $1 billion. it is Known that in January 2013, Abramovich bought a collection of 40 works by Ilya Kabakov, approximate cost — $60 million.
In the «Forbes» predicts that financial status is known to the Russians in the future will show a downward trend. A similar situation has been observed since 2011, when the accounts of the businessman was more than $13 billion, but by 2016 this figure gradually declined to $7.6 billion, its revenues have dropped significantly.
In September 2014 because of the crisis, the international company of Evraz North America were unable to carry out IPO to the Commission on securities and stock exchanges of the USA. Failure Abramovich, who is Chairman of the Board of Directors of this organization to carry out successful operations on the stock exchanges have further complicated the situation, the billionaire failed to increase their capital.
The billionaire was twice married. His first wife, Olga Lysova was a native of Astrakhan. The second wife of Roman abramovichs Irina Malandina, a former flight attendant. In this marriage the couple had five children — three daughters and two sons. In 2007, Roman filed for divorce in the Chukotka district court. The former couple happily took care of all the formalities related to the distribution of property and the fate of their children, the family broke up.
At the moment Roman Abramovich lives with his common-law wife, designer Daria Zhukova. The couple has two children — Aaron and Leah.
One of football matches involving English club «Chelsea» Abramovich in 2011 was seen in the campaign, actress Emma Watson, the performer of the role of Hermione Granger from the Saga of Harry Potter.
Many people immediately began joking that the billionaire bought daughter Hermione, but some are talking about the beginning of relations between famous British actress and a Russian entrepreneur.
Also, the media has repeatedly found unconfirmed information that the famous oligarch was having an affair with a ballerina of Mariinsky theatre Diana Vishneva.