(biography, photos, videos) Robert Petkevich
Robert Rozhdestvensky: biography
The future poet Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky, whose name in the Soviet Union was known to everyone, was born in the Altai village of Kosikha in June 1932. At birth his name was otherwise Robert S. Petkevich. His father Stanislaw pietkiewicz, by nationality a pole. He served in the NKVD. Robert’s mom Vera Fedorova before the war worked as a Director of the local school. In parallel, she studied in medical school.
Its name, unusual for a Siberian village, Petkevich, Jr., was given in honor of revolutionary Robert eikhe. When the boy was 5 years old, my parents divorced. Soon after the war began. In its vortex whirled and Stanislav Petkevicha called in ranks of red Army, and the mother, drafted as a medic to the front. Robert’s father died in 1945 in Latvia, where he was buried in a mass grave. Was devoted to him the first verse of the 9-year-old son called «rifle my dad goes to the campaign…». It was published in the newspaper «Omsk truth» in July 1941.
After mobilization of parents Robert stayed with his grandmother. But after her death in 1943, the mother sent her son to the orphanage. Pick it up she was able after the war in 1945. Robert Vera Fedorova came with her new husband, a brother-soldier Ivan Christmas. Robert got the first name and the surname of his stepfather, managed to replace the boy’s own father. Soon Robert was a half-brother Ivan Christmas.
Family Christmas, after the war lived for some time in Konigsberg, but then moved to Leningrad. In 1948, again moving to Petrozavodsk.
Poems and creativity
Biography Robert Rozhdestvensky began with the publication of several of his «adult» poems in Petrozavodsk magazine «On the border» in 1950. Then the poet turned 18. In the same year he attempted to enter the Moscow Literary Institute, but she was unsuccessful. In order not to lose time, Christmas year studying at Petrozavodsk University, but the following year, repeats the attempt to enter the literary College. The second time was successful. In 1956 Robert Rozhdestvensky graduated from the literary Institute.
In 1955, a year before graduation, the young poet had accumulated such a volume of works that he was able to publish the debut collection of his poems under the title «Signs of spring». It was printed in the publishing house of the Republic of Karelia. Through the year there was also a Christmas poem «My love.» In the same 1955, was written the first song of Robert Ivanovich «Your window.» This happened after the acquaintance of the poet with the musician Alexander film things. The young people met in the Altai, where she interned. Subsequently, the artistic heritage of Christmas as a songwriter with a lot of songs, most of which have become known and loved throughout the Soviet Union.
Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky entered the history of Russian literature along with several talented contemporaries-«the sixties», including Bella Akhmadulina, Andrei Voznesensky, Yevgeny Yevtushenko. The works of the first half of his life was full of civil pathos and catchy manifestos. But over time, the poetry of Christmas becomes more and more lyrical. Replaced by love lyrics.
If you look at the works of Robert Ivanovich as a whole, the fact that he had not touched, does not exist. Here, human relationships, and the difficulties of daily life, and the joy of life, and space exploration. In many ways, the poetry of Robert Rozhdestvensky in common with the work of Vladimir Mayakovsky. In a large number of his poems as much energy and «fighting» of Paphos. This is especially true of the poems about the war became songs. «The ballad of immortality», «the great Dale», «If we forget the war», «Moments» (from the movie «Seventeen moments of spring») – these songs performed by Joseph Kobzon penetrate into the soul, turning in the best Patriotic impulses.
But a lot of songs on poems by Robert Rozhdestvensky favorite not only for Paphos, but also for warmth. Example – a lot. This «whole life ahead» in the performance of VIA «Gems», «My year,» Vakhtang Kikabidze, «Echoes of love» of Anna German and Lev Leschenko, «Sladka Yagoda», which at different times was performed by Valentina Tolkunova and Lyudmila Senchina, «the Attraction of the earth,» profound sung by Lev Leshchenko, «call me, Call me» Irina Muravyova from the film «Carnival» and many others. Songs with lyrics by Robert Rozhdestvensky sang and continue to sing or not all the stars of domestic stage.
The same can be said about Russian composers. It is easier to name those who wrote the music for the songs of Robert Rozhdestvensky. Among the most famous Arno Babajanyan, mark Fradkin, David Tukhmanov, Oscar Feltsman, Mikael Tariverdiev, Alexandra Pakhmutova, Maxim Dunaevsky, Raimonds Pauls, and dozens of others.
In 1979 Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky was awarded the State prize of the USSR. He is an active public figure. That is Christmas has headed the Commission on the literary heritage of Osip Mandelstam and took care of the early rehabilitation of the poet. Christmas was the head of the Commission on the literary heritage of Marina Tsvetaeva(have the opening of his Museum in the capital) and Vladimir Vysotsky. He compiled the first book of poems of Vladimir Vysotsky, which was published in the USSR.
In 1993, Robert Rozhdestvensky, signed the notorious «Letter of forty-two», signed by Ales Adamovich, Bella Akhmadulina, Daniel Granik, Yuri Nagibin and other representatives of the liberal intelligentsia of Russia.
Personal life Robert Rozhdestvensky
All the personal life of Robert Rozhdestvensky was associated only with one woman, the love of which he carried through his entire life with Alla Borisovna Kireeva. It is a well-known literary critic and the artist. She’s the one he devoted all of his poems about love.
Robert Rozhdestvensky and Alla Kireeva were born two daughters, Catherine and Xenia. The first daughter appeared in 1957. She’s a translator, a photographer and a journalist. The second daughter was born in 1970. She works as a journalist.
In 1990, the doctors diagnosed Robert Rozhdestvenskiy the terrible diagnosis – a malignant brain tumor. But successfully done in France, the operation extended the life of the poet for 4 years. He is not just lived, but also continued to do in recent years.
Did not Robert Ivanovich Rozhdestvensky in August 1994. The cause of death was a heart attack. Buried Christmas near Peredelkino, where he lived the last years in the so-called literary necropolis.
- Moments. Moments. Moments…
- We have coincided with you
- The sky is great
- Coming to you love
- Echoes of love
- Aleshkina thoughts
- Whole life ahead of you…
- 210 steps
- Radar heart
Photo By Robert Rozhdestvensky