Osama bin Laden
(biography, photo, video) Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden: a biography
Osama bin Laden was born March 10, 1957, in the Saudi capital city of Riyadh. His father became an influential billionaire Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, and mother – concubine Hamid al-Atasi. Shortly after the birth of the future of the terrorist №1 his parents divorced, and the boy remained with his mother. She later remarried and gave birth to a new husband four children.
Bin Laden Jr. was raised as a Sunni. He went to the best secular school in the prestigious University of king Abdel-Aziz, faculty of Economics and business administration. Some sources report that the young man was very diligent in her studies and successfully graduated from University with a diploma. Others, conversely, argue that Osama bin Laden dropped out in my third year.
The General condition of the family of bin Laden was about $ 5 billion. After bin Laden Sr. was killed in a plane crash in 1967, his son Osama (one of 52 children of a billionaire) inherited around $ 25-30 million. While at University he began to take a keen interest in religion, diligently engaged in the interpretation of Jihad and the Koran.
The war in Afghanistan
With multiply inheritance, young Osama was engaged in the construction business. From quiet work for the benefit of his company he was distracted by military intervention in Afghanistan and the movement of Afghan Jihad. The extremist was angered at the outbreak of war and arrived in Afghanistan in late 1979 and in early 1980, he established the first contacts with Islamic opposition groups in Lahore (Pakistan).
After that, Osama bin Laden has systematically supported the leaders of the Afghan resistance movement of their own financial resources. Paired with Abdullah Azzam, was the head of the Palestinian movement «Muslim brotherhood», Osama bin Laden has opened a «Bureau of services» and organized the recruitment of Muslim volunteers from the Arab world. Businessman extremist paid to all the volunteers coming to Afghanistan and their preparation for participation in hostilities. Moreover, he participated in the battles against the troops of the USSR.
When Soviet troops were withdrawn from the country, the terrorist have lost interest in the Soviet Union and Russia by switching to USA. It endlessly angered by the presence of us forces in Muslim countries, and he began to think of it States as its key enemy. In 1989 the extremist again engaged in the Contracting and construction business, while simultaneously strenuously helping opposition from Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
Until the end of 1980-ies of Osama bin Laden broke with Abdullah Azzam, as the latter wanted the Arabs in the composition of the resistance movement joined with the Mujahideen, while Osama himself wanted to see his countrymen a separate military force. So began to form al-Qaeda. First, this Association was rather formal: the members of the group only had to have good manners, be willing to listen and take an oath to follow the older ones.
A radical change occurred when in the late summer of 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait of illegal extraction of Iraqi oil and put into a small neighboring country of its troops. Directly this war lasted for only two days, but it gave rise to a much larger and long war in the Persian Gulf, which was attended by the US and the USSR.
The largest concentration of Iraqi troops concentrated near the border with Saudi Arabia, and the Saddam Hussein actively encouraged the neighbouring Nations to the Arab unity. Osama bin Laden met with senior government officials, hoping to dissuade them from accepting assistance from non-Muslim countries of the world and offering a powerful support of its own Arab Legion. However, the extremists refused.
The head of «al-Qaeda» has repeatedly publicly condemned the invasion of us armed forces on Muslim lands, claiming to defend Medina and Mecca only those for whom Islam is their native religion. It is assumed that the group of Osama gradually began to turn into an armed, terrorist formation, and the discontent of bin Laden by U.S. interference in the Affairs of the Muslims became completely finished form in the form of plans of future attacks.
The terrorist №1
Although the Gulf war ended in February 1991, Osama was just beginning. He finally decided that the struggle against the enemies of the Muslim world (with those whom he considered these are the main purpose of his life, and with remarkable perseverance and sense of purpose began to take up the fight.
So, in August 1998, a terrorist organization blew up the U.S. Embassy in transkom Dar-es-Salaam and Nairobi Kenya. The attack was organized August 7 (exactly seven years after American troops were stationed in Saudi Arabia during the Gulf war). The explosions in only one Nairobi killed 213 people and wounds of various severity level have received about 5,000 citizens.
Since then us intelligence bin Laden was known the status of «terrorist number 1». A Bank account of a businessman, the Islamist was arrested, and for information to help apprehend an international criminal, promised to pay five million dollars.
However, the terrorist continued to provide active support to the extremists who live in Central Asia, the North Caucasus and in other regions.
According to some sources, bin Laden even managed to establish a real «subsidy Fund terrorists.» Took part the head of «al-Qaeda» and in the Bosnian war, helping the President to create in the Balkans a real «fundamentalist Islamic Republic». To Finance the transfer of Mujahideen mercenaries in Bosnia from countries of the Arab world, Osama resorted to their Sudanese business partners.
In the mid 90-ies of the extremist visited Albania, arrived on a visit to the President. Authentic photo or video since then has not survived, but we know that Osama was represented during this visit, one of the radical fundamentalist groups that sent their members to participate in the armed conflict in Kosovo. When the war started in Chechnya, the cruel and unscrupulous head of the «al-Qaeda» began to actively carry their Mujahideen in the region.
The events of 11 September
As you know, September 11 2001 terrorist organization kidnapped four passenger aircraft, which subsequently crashed into the two towers of the world trade center, the Pentagon and in a field near the town of Shanksville (it was assumed that the fourth plane crash into the Capitol). In the Wake of the horrific acts of terrorism killed almost three thousand people.
First, Osama bin Laden denied his involvement in the terrorist group al-Qaida to carry out these attacks. He later admitted that he knew about the impending attacks and discussed them with the other leaders of the extremist underground, but after some time and even took responsibility for the incident. In October 2004, Osama stated that the September 2011 terrorist attacks – is, in his opinion, a fair punishment for the «tyranny» of the us-Israeli Alliance in Lebanon and Palestine.
The detention and elimination
To destroy world-famous terrorist and tried Clinton and Bush and Obama. The reward for the head of bin Laden increased to 25 and then to $ 50 million. During the years of persecution of extremists, many media and political figures reported that Osama was killed, died of typhus, and the like. However, it was later revealed that the terrorist is still alive. Numerous operations to apprehend terrorists held in the US, one of them dedicated to the film «number one Goal».
His true the death of bin Laden met on 2 may 2011, when American forces conducted a covert operation at the Villa of the terrorist. It was located not far from Islamabad, in the city of Abbottabad. Subsequently many sources, including U.S. President Barack Obama, confirming information about the murder of a terrorist and told me where Osama killed how killed the number 1 terrorist, how old was he at the time of death, etc. the Body of bin Laden, according to CNN, was buried in the Arabian sea.
Accurate information about the Chapter of «al-Qaeda» not so much. It was said that he was left-handed, his height was a little more than 180 cm, 193-196 cm he walked with a stick and different manner to quietly speak. Extremist several times married and divorced several times, while in total he had of the order of 20-26 children. It was reported that after the events of September 11, many of them moved to Iran.