(biography, photos, videos) Maya Plisetskaya
Maya Plisetskaya: a biography
Maya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya, the great Russian ballerina, winner of many awards, actress, choreographer, strong, bright and talented woman. Maya Plisetskaya fate itself had destined to belong to the art world as a bright talent of this outstanding stars of the Russian ballet was largely due to genes.
Girl, born November 20, 1925 in Moscow in the family of the actress Rachel Messerer and Mikhail Emmanuilovich Plisetsky of. In the maternal line in the family of Maya, there were some celebrities: aunt Sulamith Messerer and uncle Asaf were stars of the ballet and enjoyed the special patronage of the leader. Aunt Elizaveta was an actress, and that she little Maya owe my love of theater. The mother of the future ballerina played in silent films, and his father had a more practical route, occupied high economic positions in the government.
In 1932 the family moved to Svalbard, where Mikhail Plisetsky was the first Director of «Arktikugol» and then — Consul of the USSR. In Svalbard eleven-year-old Maya first appeared on the scene. She played the role in the Opera «mermaid». After returning to the capital during your holiday in 1934 Plisetskaya wrote in the Moscow choreographic school. It would seem that everything went perfectly and the main dream of a teenage girl, was close to implementation. However, the terrible 1937 dashed all hopes.
May 1, Mikhail Emmanuilovich was arrested on suspicion of treason, and a year shot without trial. Maya’s father was rehabilitated posthumously, in the era of the Khrushchev thaw. A year after my father’s arrest and took mom up to the stage of the Bolshoi theatre, where there was a play performed by her sister, Shulamith. Rachel, along with breast brother of Maya, Usariem, was exiled to Kazakhstan, and only in 1941 she managed to return to Moscow. Plisecka another son, Alexander, took him in, his uncle Asaf, twelve-year-old Maya’s adopted aunt Sulamith, otherwise the orphaned children were threatened with the orphanage.
Largely through the efforts of the aunt, Maya not only survived this terrible tragedy, but found the strength to get back to the ballet machine tool, to learn and to live. Extraordinary natural artistry, flexibility, expressiveness and a fine sense of music and rhythm for young Plisetskaya has earned him the favor of teachers. The day before the start of the war held a graduation concert, the first professional debut of a future prima ballerina.
The first performances
Together with his mother and brothers went to Maya evacuation in Sverdlovsk, where to go to ballet was not possible. Nevertheless, it was in Sverdlovsk, the first time a girl had danced the dying Swan in a production of her aunt, Sulamith Messerer. Say, to achieve the stunning Swan sculpture and grace, the dancer spent hours watching the Royal bird, trying to remember and copy their movements.
In 1942, orphaned family Plisetsky returned from evacuation to Moscow, and in 1943, Maya graduated with honors from the ballet school. Like many graduates, Plisetskaya was accepted into the Bolshoi corps de ballet, but this did not bother the young ballerina. She was able to demonstrate his talent to a wide audience, speaking with solo performances at numerous concerts. Moscow saw her «Dying Swan» and was subdued.
Career at the Bolshoi theatre
The whole biography of Maya Plisetskaya is closely associated with the ballet, however, and personal life: this woman just could not imagine myself without singing and art. Soon, talented dancer began to trust the Central role of capital many parties she moved gradually from one female character to another.
In the first season Plisetskaya danced Masha in the Nutcracker, then Myrtha in Giselle, she was the first fairy Autumn in Cinderella, Kitri in «don Quixote». In «Sleeping beauty» Maya first played the roles of the fairies, gradually reaching the Aurora. Especially remembered by the audience her Odette and Odile in «Swan lake». Soon Plisetskaya was the prima ballerina of the Bolshoi theatre, succeeding the great Galina Ulanova.
Other, not less bright of the illustrious roles of the dancer become the leading parties in ballets:
- «Legend of love»;
- «Carmen Suite»;
- «The stone flower»;
- «The Humpbacked Horse»;
- «Romeo and Juliet»;
- «The fountain of Bakhchisarai» and others.
Knowing about the hard daily work of most of the dancers and the grueling ballet training, it is easy to believe that Maya Plisetskaya didn’t like those classes. By her own admission, she loved to dance, put soul not only in the plasticity and harmony of movements, but also lived the lives of their heroines on stage. Perhaps it is the natural talent and artistry has allowed the great ballerina, not pushing himself to physical exhaustion with endless lessons, so for a long time to stay in shape, dancing to 65 years and to go on stage in 70 years.
Maya Plisetskaya was famous not only as a dancer but also as a talented choreographer and choreographer. Including a lot of performances she gave on the stage of the Bolshoi theatre, performing in many lead roles. Unfortunately, in the late 80-ies of the ballerina was forced to withdraw with major ballet venues in the country. The reason was the conflict with the leadership. In 1990 Yuri Grigorovich fired his take along with Ekaterina Maximova and Vladimir Vasiliev.
As a choreographer, collaborating with other choreographers and Directors, Maya Plisetskaya staged the ballet «Anna Karenina», «Raymonda», «the Seagull» «the Lady with the dog». The ballerina worked as the head of the Roman theater of Opera and ballet, and then the Spanish national ballet. She collaborated with Rudolf Nuriev and Roland Petit and Mikhail Baryshnikov and Maurice Bejart.
Especially for Maya Plisetskaya was delivered performances of «Carmen-Suite», «the Death rose», «Prelude», «Mad of Chaillot», «Isadora», «Leda», «Kurozuka». For many productions, wrote music composer Rodion Shchedrin, the husband of the ballerina.
Movies and books
Like any talented person, Maya Plisetskaya did not limit his creative activity to one kind of art, although the ballet was her life. She starred in many films, among which were dramatic roles, and the film adaptation of the ballet, and private rooms.
About the life and career of ballerina filmed several documentaries, and she wrote and published a series of memoirs, where he described his life honestly and impartially.
All the photos talented dancer looks strong, bright and bold. Despite the average growth, it always seemed a bit above the others thanks to the perfect posture and proud head carriage. Such it was in life, fate failed to break this woman in 70 years appeared on stage with the grace of a young girl. Age — the talent is not a hindrance, and Maya proved it brilliantly. On account of its numerous awards and medals, titles and ranks, including foreign.
Famous ballerina owns many interesting statements that have become winged words. So, in her memoirs she recalled Pierre Cardin as the best according to her designer, and to the question about how she manages to keep a great figure with a sense of humor replied that just need to eat less. And you are no brutal diets.
Her first husband, Plisetskaya became the choreographer Maris Liepa, however, this Union lasted only three months. Her second husband, composer Rodion Shchedrin, Maya met on the evening of Lily Brik, the fatal Muse of Vladimir Mayakovsky.
To meet they started three years later, in 1958, got married and lived together for more than half a century. Children the couple was not because the Maya deliberately refused motherhood, believing that it will put an end to her career of a ballerina. The love for ballet was stronger.
Brilliant Maya lived a long life, leaving a rich artistic heritage. Her talent and contribution to the history of Russian ballet is priceless. Date of death of the ballerina — 2 may 2015. She died in one of the leading clinics in Munich, in the ninetieth year of life. The official cause of death was a heart attack.
Maya Plisetskaya is devoted to the monument in Moscow, opened in November last year, the day of her birth. Also on the house near the square named in her honor a memorial plaque. There is graffiti, which depicted a ballerina in the image of a dying Swan. However, the grave of the brilliant Maya either in Moscow or in Munich. Dancer bequeathed to scatter her ashes along with the ashes of her husband over Russia.
- «Big concert»;
- «Anna Karenina»;
- «Swan lake»;
- «The tale of the little Humpbacked Horse»;
- «The Seagull»;
- «The lady with the dog».