Leonid Gaidai

(biography, photos, videos), Leonid Gayday

photo Leonid Gaidai

  • Name: Leonid Gaidai ( Gayday, Leonid )
  • Date of birth: 30 January 1923
  • Age: 70 years
  • Date of death: 19 Nov 1993
  • Place of birth: Svobodnyy, Amur oblast
  • Growth: 183
  • Activities: Director, screenwriter, actor, people’s artist of the USSR
  • Marital status: married

    Leonid Gaidai: biography

    Leonid Gaidai is the Soviet Director, actor and screenwriter, who was awarded the title of people’s artist of the USSR in 1989. He is known primarily for his comedies, most of which has entered the annals of classic Patriotic movies. His most famous painting «Operation «y» and other adventures Shurik», «Caucasian captive», «diamond hand», «Ivan Vasilyevich changes a profession» and «12 chairs».

    The future legend of the national cinema was born in the village Free located in the Amur region. But he was not yet a year, when the family moved to Chita, then to Irkutsk, where he passed his childhood Leonid. He grew up with two older siblings – a brother Alexander and sister of Augustus. By the way, Gaidai’s parents were ordinary workers, railroad employees.

    In this office he studied and Leonid graduated from the railway school before the war. He tried to volunteer, but because of age the youth was not taken. Gaidai got lightning in the Moscow theater of satire, which was at that time in Irkutsk in the evacuation. After a year the young man mobilized, but first was sent to serve in Mongolia. Leonid was outraged by this, sought transfer to the front.

    Then occurred an interesting incident, in a modified form came later in cinemas. The Commissar was looking for volunteers to translate to hot spots and every question «Who is in the artillery?», «In the cavalry?», «The Navy?», Hayday shouted «I». Then the officer and later said the famous phrase, «Wait You! Let’s announce the entire lineup!»

    In the end, Leonid Gaidai was transferred to the Kalinin direction to explore, where he heroically distinguished himself during one of the battles, and later was severely wounded when he stepped on an enemy mine. The young man was retired, and before the end of the war he was in the rear.

    After the great Victory Gaidai graduated from Irkutsk drama school. A bit dramatic theater actor and a lighting technician and then went to Moscow to conquer the state Institute of cinematography, where he entered the directing Department.


    In the movie Leonid Gaidai made his debut in 1955, and as an actor. He played the Son in the Comedy «Liang». But a year later makes his directorial debut and is releasing the dramatic film «a Long way». The picture was marked personally by the famous Mikhail Romm, who somehow pure drama was able to see the makings of Gaidai-comedian. It should have advised Mr Yovich to look at the humorous genre.

    Then the Embassy released the satirical film «groom from the world», where nearly lost his career. From the film after the censorship was barely half, but even after such a ruthless cutting novice Director was forbidden to remove. Then the Embassy in the first and last time you came to terms with the «Mosfilm», he did the ideological drama of the boat «Thrice resurrected», by which he was allowed to work on. But the Director of this film shy the rest of your life.

    In 1961 he shoots the short film «Dog Mongrel and unusual cross» and «Bootleggers» that bring all glory to not only the Director but also the trio of characters a Coward, Bobby and Experienced in the performance of Georgy Vitsin, Yuri Nikulin and Yevgeny Morgunov.

    Ekraniziroval several novels by American humorist O. Henry in the film «Business people», the Embassy returned to the Soviet reality and gives the audience one after another immortal film » Operation «y» and other adventures Shurik», «Caucasian captive», «diamond hand», «12 chairs», «Ivan Vasilyevich changes occupation», «can’t be!».

    By the way, Leonid Gaidai often appeared in his films in small episodes. Its largest role — archivist Bartholomew Korobeinikov in «12 chairs». In 80-h years the Director has made another classic Comedy «sports lottery-82», and also made a lot of editions of almanac «Fitil».

    The last works of the great Leonid Gaidai was rebuilt picture «Private detective, or Operation «Cooperation» and «good weather In Deribasovskaya, or Brighton beach again it rains», in which the main role was played by Dmitry Kharatyan.

    I should add that the legendary Director was very conservative in the selection of the cast. Most of the actors starred in it many times. For example, Georgy Vitsin, Victor Uralsky, Sergey Filippov, Nina Grebeshkova appeared in his paintings for about 10 times. Also Gaidai loved working with Natalia Krachkovskaya, Alexander Demyanenko and L. Korableva.

    Personal life

    With his future wife, actress Nina Pectinate, Leonid Gaidai met at VGIK – the girl was his classmate. They married in 1953 and together they lived for 40 years. By the way, the Director was upset that his wife has officially refused to take his name, but Grebeshkova explained its refusal by the fact that it is not immediately clear – the man or woman hidden under the name hayday, and for actress it’s important.

    The family had a daughter Oksana, who later gave Leonid and Nina granddaughter Olga.


    The last years of Leonid Gaidai was very ill. He had an open wound on his leg, and then because of addiction to Smoking Director became concerned about the respiratory tract. In 1993, he caught pneumonia, went to hospital, where he died from a pulmonary embolism.

    In memory of Leonid Gaidai movie theater in his hometown Free of the Amur region was named after him and a monument to the Director. The name of the Gaidai appropriated and largest theater of Irkutsk, and on the house where he grew up, is a beautiful memorial plaque.

    Forgot about the legend of the Soviet cinema in Moscow – one of the areas on the territory of «Mosfilm» is the name of Leonid Gaidai.


    • 1961 — the Dog of Barbos and unusual cross
    • 1965 — Operation «y» and other Shurik’s adventures
    • 1966 — the Caucasian captive, or Shurik’s New adventures
    • 1968 — «the diamond arm»
    • 1971 — 12 chairs
    • 1973 — Ivan Vasilievich
    • 1975 — can’t be!
    • 1982 — Sportloto-82
    • 1989 — a Private detective, or Operation «Cooperation»
    • 1992 — good weather In Deribasovskaya, or Brighton beach again it rains


    Leonid Gaidai

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