(biography, photo, video) Joseph Dzhugashvili
Joseph Stalin: biography
Joseph Stalin – a prominent politician-revolutionary in the history of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union, whose activities were marked by widespread repression, which today is considered a crime against humanity. The identity and activities of Stalin in modern society, as before, loudly discussed – some consider him a great leader that led the country to victory in the great Patriotic war, while others accuse him of genocide and famine, terror and violence against the people.
Stalin was born Iosif Vissarionovich (real surname, Dzhugashvili) December 21, 1879, in the Georgian town of Gori, in a family belonging to the lower classes. He was the third but only surviving child in the family – his older brother and sister died in childhood. Soso, as he called the mother of the future ruler of the Soviet Union, was not born a very healthy child, he had congenital defects of the limbs (he had fused two toes on his left foot), and the damaged skin of the face and back. At the age of seven with Stalin was an accident – he was hit by a Phaeton, with the result that he disrupted the functioning of the left hand.
In addition to congenital and acquired deformities of the future revolutionary was repeatedly beaten by father Vissarion, that once led to a serious head injury and has an impact on psycho-emotional state of Stalin. Mother of Joseph Stalin, Catherine G., son was surrounded by immense care and guardianship, in order to compensate the boy missing the father’s love. Languishing on hard work to earn more money on the education of his son, the woman tried to raise a decent man, who, in her opinion, was to become a priest. But her hopes were crowned with success, Stalin rose street darling and more time spent not in Church, but in the company of local hooligans.
Thus in 1888, Stalin became a disciple of the Gori Orthodox school, and after graduation he entered the Tiflis theological Seminary. In the Seminary he became acquainted with Marxism and became the ranks of the underground revolutionaries. At the Seminary of the future ruler of the Soviet Union proved himself a gifted and talented student, as it was easy for all subjects. Then he became the leader of the illegal group of Marxists, which is actively engaged in advocacy.
To finish Seminary Stalin failed because he was expelled from school right before exams for truancy. After that, Joseph Vissarionovich was granted a certificate that allows him to become a teacher of primary schools. The first time he earned a living by tutoring, and then got a job at the Tiflis physical Observatory to a position of the evaluator-observer.
The path to power
Stalin’s revolutionary activities started in early 1900-ies – the future ruler of the USSR, then engaged in active propaganda than strengthened their positions in society. Then he met with the head of the Soviet government by Vladimir Lenin and other famous revolutionaries. The path to power of Joseph Stalin was filled with repeated references and conclusions in prison, where he always managed to escape. In 1912 he finally decided to change his name Dzhugashvili named «Stalin.»
In the same period he became chief editor of the Bolshevik newspaper «Pravda», where his counterpart was Vladimir Lenin, who saw in Stalin’s assistant in the decision of the Bolshevik and revolutionary issues, with the result that Stalin was his right hand.
In 1917, for special merits Lenin assigns Stalin the people’s Commissar for nationalities in the Council of people’s Commissars. The following stage of career of the future ruler of the USSR is associated with the Civil war, in which revolutionary he showed all his professionalism and leadership qualities. At the end of the war, when Lenin was already gravely ill, Stalin completely ruled the country, thus destroying all opponents and contenders for the post of head of government of the Soviet Union on its way.
In 1930, all power was concentrated in Stalin’s hands, in this connection, the Soviet Union began a huge upheaval and restructuring. This period marked the beginning of mass repressions and collectivization, when all the rural population of the country were driven into collective farms and starved. All selected food from the peasants, the new leader of the Soviet Union sold abroad and used the money to develop the industry, building an industrial enterprise. Thus, he promptly made the USSR second in the world in terms of industrial production, though at the cost of millions of lives of peasants died of starvation.
The head of the USSR
In 1940, Joseph Stalin became the sole ruler-the dictator of the USSR. He was a strong leader of the country, had an amazing performance, while being able to focus people on the important tasks. A characteristic feature of Stalin was his ability to make immediate decisions on any issues discussed, and find time to control absolutely all processes taking place in the country.
Accomplishments of Joseph Stalin, despite his strict methodology of governing the country, still a high estimated historical experts. Thanks to him, the Soviet Union gained a runaway victory in the great Patriotic war, the country is actively mechanization of agriculture, industrialization took place, resulting in the USSR became a nuclear superpower that has enormous geopolitical influence in the world.
Along with the undoubted achievements of Stalin’s rule is characterized by a lot of negative points that now cause fear in society. Stalinist repression, dictatorship, terrorism, violence – all this is a key characteristic features of the reign of Joseph Stalin. Also he is accused of suppression of entire scientific fields in the country, accompanied by the persecution of doctors and engineers that have caused immeasurable damage to the development of Russian culture and science.
Policies of Stalin and today loudly condemned around the world. Ruler of the Soviet Union is accused of mass famine and the death of the victims of Stalinism and Nazism. In many cities, Joseph Stalin posthumously considered an honorary citizen and distinguished soldier, and many Soviet people, as before, the revered ruler-dictator, calling him a great leader.
The private life of Joseph Stalin has not proven today. The leader-the dictator carefully destroyed all evidence of his family life and love relationships, so historians have been able to establish the chronology of events.
It is known that the first time Stalin married in 1906, to Ekaterina Svanidze, who bore him the firstborn of Jacob. After a year of family life Stalin’s wife died of typhus. After this harsh revolutionary completely devoted to the service of the country and only 14 years later, again decided on a marriage with Nadezhda Alliluyeva, who was younger than his 23 years.
The second wife of Joseph Stalin bore her husband a son Basil took over the upbringing of the firstborn Stalin, who up to this point lived with his maternal grandmother. In 1925 in the family of Stalin’s daughter Svetlana.
In 1932, Stalin’s children are orphaned and the second time he became a widower. His wife Nadezhda committed suicide on the background of the conflict with her husband. After that, Stalin never married.
Stalin’s death came on March 5, 1953. According to the official version of physicians, the ruler of the USSR died as a result of a brain hemorrhage. After the autopsy it was found that he during life suffered on his feet several ischemic strokes, which led to serious heart problems and mental disorders.
Stalin’s embalmed body was placed in the Mausoleum next to Lenin, but after 8 years in Congress, it was decided to rebury a revolutionary in the grave at the Kremlin wall.
There are versions that the death of Stalin have any involvement in its detractors, who believe the policy of the leader of the revolutionaries is unacceptable. Almost all of historical researchers believe that colleagues of the Governor deliberately did not admit him to the doctors, which could bring up Stalin and to prevent the death of revolutionary.