(biography, photos, videos) John Winston Lennon
John Lennon: biography
John Lennon was born in the English port city of Liverpool. His mother Julia and father Alfred Lennon practically lived together. Shortly after the birth of her son Alfred was taken to the front, and Julia met another man and married him. When John was 4 years old, he moved to live with his mother’s sister Mimi Smith, who had no children of her own. With the birth mother the boy had seldom seen each other, their relationship was more friendly than parent-son.
John had a fairly high IQ, but at school he did very poorly because he couldn’t stand the routine of daily classes. But the creative potential of the boy began in childhood. John sang in the choir, published its own magazine, cleverly painted.
When in the mid 50-ies of England caught up with booming rock-n-roll, teenagers at every step started to create their own group. Do not stay aside and the young Lennon. He organized a group «The Quarrymen», the name he gave the school in which he studied all of their members. After a year the group was joined by the first boy from another district of the city. He was younger than the others, but played the guitar much better. It was Paul McCartney, who soon brought George Harrison, who studied with him.
Finishing secondary school, John Lennon managed to fail all his finals and the only school that agreed to take the unusual teenager, was the Liverpool art College.
But even art education is not attracted to John. All spent more time with Paul, George and Stuart Sutcliffe, whom she met in College and invited him to «The Quarrymen» to play bass guitar. Soon the band name was changed to «Long Johnny and the Silver Beetles», and later shortened to the last word, change one letter to include in the title the word game, and became known as «The Beatles».
Since the early 60-ies of the guys are completely focused on the music. They not only made their own cover versions of popular hits, but also started writing his own songs. Gradually the group became popular in his native Liverpool, after the Beatles made several trips to Hamburg, where he played in Nightclubs.
While the style of music and image groups has been the standard for a rock band: leather jackets, cowboy boots, hair like Elvis Presley and so on. But in 1961 the Manager of the Beatles Brian Epstein, who completely changes their appearance. Guys dress up in suits without lapels, begin to act on stage professionally. The world famous hair Balam was invented by the German photographer Astrid Kircher, for which Germany live Stuart Sutcliffe.
Image change contributed to the popularity of the team. More attracted the attention of the group performance of the Beatles at the Royal concert hall, where John Lennon famously said:
«Those who sit in the cheap seats, applaud. Others may pozvyakivali their jewels.»
Later, he is the author of another stirred the public with the phrase:
«Now we’re more popular than Jesus.»
After the release of their first single «Love Me Do» and the ensuing full-length album «Please Please Me» in Britain began Beatlemania. And after the release of the new single «I Want to Hold Your Hand» the wave of popularity swept America and then the world.
The next few years the Beatles practically lived out of suitcases, constantly touring and releasing one album after another.
In 1967, when John, Paul, George and Ringo stopped touring, focusing on recording and writing new songs, Lennon began to lose interest in the band. At first he refused the role of the leader of «the Beatles», then for the first time in many years began to fold apart from McCartney. Before all the songs they created together. Releasing several very successful records, the band ceased to exist. Officially it was in 1970, but the problems the team has had over the last 2 years.
His first solo album, John Lennon recorded in 1968 and called it «Unfinished Music No 1: Two Virgins». In the work on the disk participated and Yoko Ono. It was a psychedelic musical experiment that was recorded in one night. On this disc, no songs, it consists of a staccato set of sounds, cries and moans. In a similar vein, sustained the following work «the Wedding Album and Unfinished Music No. 2: Life With The Lions».
The first «song» album «John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band», released in 1970. And the next album «Imagine», was released a year later, almost repeated the success of recent albums by «the Beatles». The title song became the hallmark of the singer is still considered to be one of an anti-political and anti-religious hymns. In the list of «the 500 greatest songs of all time», which was the magazine «Rolling Stone» in 2004, this song took 3rd place.
Subsequently, John Lennon released 5 Studio albums, several compilations and live recordings.
John Lennon is known not only as the author of many popular songs. He is also known as an actor. Along with the other Beatles, Lennon starred in the musical films «a hard day’s Night», «help!», «Magical mystery tour» and «Let it be». He also played a hand Gripped in the military Comedy «How I won the war», a satirical Comedy «Chicken, dynamite,» and the drama «fire in the water». Besides, along with Yoko Ono Lennon made a few films as a Director. It was mostly a political social films.
As a writer, John Lennon was implemented in the 60-ies. He has published 3 books: in 1964 he published «Write spell», appeared a year later «Ispanec in the wheel», and in 1986, posthumously published a book of «Oral nabopoll». Each edition is a collection of short stories in the style of black humor, with a large number of planned mistakes, puns and play on words that is reflected in the titles of works.
The first time John Lennon was married in 1962, his classmate, Cynthia Powell. In April 1963 they had a son Julian Lennon. But the marriage was not strong because of the constant trips of John associated with touring group «the Beatles», and also because struck popularity. Cynthia, which is more like a quiet life, left her husband in 1967 and they officially divorced in a year.
In 1966 John met Japanese artist Yoko Ono avangardistki. In 1968 they began an affair, and a year later John and Yoko got married and became inseparable.
Their wedding the couple dedicated the song «The Ballad of John and Yoko». In October 1975 they had a son Sean Lennon. After this event, John officially announced the end of his musical career, stopped touring, almost never appeared in public and focused on raising my son.
In late 1980, John Lennon released Studio album, «Double Fantasy» after a long break. December 8, 1980, he gave an interview to the recording Studio «the Hit Factory» in new York. Out of the Studio, the singer gave a lot of autographs, including signed cover its own plate, as he was asked a man named mark Chapman.
When John and Yoko returned home and was in the arch of the house, «Dakota», where they lived, Chapman made 5 shots in the back Lennon. Singer in a few minutes was taken to hospital Roosevelt, but because of massive blood loss the doctors were unable to save the life of a famous musician, and he died on the same day.
John Lennon was cremated and his ashes Yoko Ono scattered in new York’s Central Park Strabery fields.
Mark Chapman for his crime, was convicted and is serving a life sentence. The motive for the murder, he called the desire to be as famous as John Lennon.
- 1968 — Unfinished Music No 1: Two Virgins
- 1969 — Unfinished Music No. 2: Life With The Lions
- 1969 — Wedding Album
- 1970 — John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
- 1971 — Imagine
- 1972 — Some Time In New York City
- 1973 — Mind Games
- 1974 — Walls And Bridges
- 1975 — rock’n’roll
- 1980 — Double Fantasy