(biography, photo, video) Joanne Rowling
J. K. Rowling: a biography
The present name of the famous British writer George. K. Rowling (J. K. Rowling) – Joanna Murray. Many who know the author’s seven novels about Harry Potter even as Robert Galbraith. The same pseudonym the writer uses to write their least popular detectives.
Today Joan Kate Rowling is a successful literary figure, an outstanding personality of world renown, a rich woman, a screenwriter, a film producer, a happy wife, a caring mother of three children.
Kate was born Joanne Rowling 31 July 1965 in an ordinary family, living in the city of Wight(UK). The girl’s father (P. J. Abdul Kalam. Rowling) worked in the firm «Rolls-Royce», mother (John.- Enrolling) was a housewife. When Joan was two years old, was born her sister Dianne. In 1969 the family immigrated to Winterburn.
The childhood of the writer was truly carefree. Numerous photos of the little girl Joanna posted online, confirm this fact. And indeed Rowling remembers his childhood always with a smile, as it was filled with fun games with my sister, family comfort and warmth, care parents. They instilled the girl love of literature.
A little known fact that you lose many researchers for the creativity of today’s stars: your first story Joan Kate Rowling wrote at the age of six years, and from that moment on, the girl never ceased to create.
In 1974, the Rowling family moved to Tutshill (wells). The change of residence was for a nine year old child a real shock, due to the fact that Joanne loved his school friends and treasured them.
After 6 years in the life of a young lady has had a painful event: her sick mother. The rapid development of the disease has led to the fact that Rowling’s mother died from multiple sclerosis. Burying the loved one, in 1990, Joanna decides to leave Tutshill and move to London.
His degree in French linguistics, a young girl received the position of Secretary in the company Amnesty international. During this period Rowling falls in love for the first time, so after a year with her first boyfriend moved to live in Manchester.
Once in the train, EN route from Manchester to London, the writer appeared the image of the familiar to all fans of the boy wizard with round glasses is Harry Potter.
Start of a career of Joanna Rowling is the year of the publication of the first part of the novel – «Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone» (1997). Edition limited to 1000 copies. In November, the book received the award «Nesyle Smarties Book Prize». In 1998, for a work Rowling received her first prize at the international level, «vritish Book Award».
After such success and recognition of the creative writer in the United States was held an auction lot which was made by publication of the «philosopher’s stone». The auction was won by the American publishing house «Scholastic Incorporation», which paid 105 thousand dollars.
In the summer of 1998 was published a continuation of the novel – «the chamber of secrets»; in 2000, the world saw the third part of the novel – «Harry Potter and the prisoner of Azkaban». The fourth part is called «the goblet of fire» was able to break all records of sales amounted to 373 thousand books in 24 hours.
In 2003, Rowling writes, produces one-fifth part of the famous Saga «Harry Potter and the order of the Phoenix». In 2005 he published the sixth book is «Harry Potter and the half-blood Prince», which broke all previous records of sales of books amounted to 9 million in 24 hours. In 2007 was finished, published the seventh part of the novel about the boy wizard – «the Deathly Hallows».
To date, all 7 parts of the fantastic Saga have been translated into 70 languages. In addition, the novels by J. K. Rowling filmed wonderful films, Directors of which were:
- K. Columbus.
- A. Cuarón.
- D. Yates.
Other books Rowling
In addition to novels about the little wizard of Hogwarts, the writer became famous because of and other works.
«Fantastic beasts and where they live» is the only book released under the pseudonym «newt Scamander». This literary masterpiece is a story «spin-off» on the main little magician. It describes events that took place 65 years before the appearance of the boy Harry.
Most of the money received from the sale of the book (about 13 million pounds), Joan Kate Rowling transferred to the largest organizations involved in children’s charity work.
Tale «Zaychiha Cracker and its stump-scoffer» is written in the period 2007-2009 For this masterpiece of world literature for children Prince Charles was awarded the writer the order of the British Empire.
Novel «The Casual Vacancy» («Casual vacancy») – the first work of the genre «social drama» from Joan Kate Rowling for adults and adolescents.
Also a lot of fuss about the story-detective «Call (Cry) of the cuckoo».
Personal life J. K. Rowling
Working in his youth at Amnesty International, Rowling was looking for a new place of employment. So, after reading an advertisement in «The Guardian» about the vacancy of teacher, John. K. Rowling decided to go to Portugal.
In Porto Rowling met her first husband, the journalist Jorge of Arantes. Their wedding took place in the autumn of 1992 and in July 1993, the young family had a daughter, Mary Isabel Rowling-Arantes.
Despite the complexity of the relationship with her husband, the writer was struggling to keep the family together. Biographers suggest that Rowling has often been the scenes of jealousy, domestic violence, beatings. Confirmation of such rumors is the recognition of the writer about how one day she was beaten by her husband, and then just put her and her daughter out of the house.
In December 1993, Rowling with Jessica on hand (and already written 3 chapters of «Harry Potter» in the bag) was forced to leave in Edinburgh (Scotland) to a younger sister.
In 1993, Rowling returned to England. Becoming a mother, she received public assistance (70 pounds), which was the only income of the writer. Despite the poor financial conditions, she continued to work.
From bitter personal experience the writer a long period did not dare to found a family. All the time she devoted daughters and, of course, creativity. Only after 8 years, Joan again became a wife. The choice of the writer – anesthetist Neil Michael Murray (younger than her by 5 years).
In 2001, the couple legalized their relationship, and in 2003 they had a son David. In January 2005, the couple had another baby named Mackenzie. In his first interview after the birth of John. K. Rowling said that she is really happy, and cause her endless joy – beloved children and truly loves people.
- Before the first publication of «Harry Potter» is the us publisher Scholastic Incorporation suggested Rowling use the alias. The author decided to add her name initials grandmother – Kathleen. Thus was born the nickname – J. K. Rowling. Even though its official name Murray, Joanna continues to write under a pseudonym, which brought her international fame.
- Joan Kate Rowling admits that today (as in the creation of my first book) inspire her lyrical concerts of Peter Tchaikovsky. The writer says that he wrote his masterpieces, armed with pen, paper. Only after creating a draft from the hand of the author prints the text on the computer, then hands it to the publisher.
- If you do not have leaf notebook, she writes down thoughts on any subject. For example, the names of University schools of magic Hogwarts was invented by John. K. Rowling in the plane and recorded on paper disposable package.
JK Rowling today
Today John. K. Rowling is the highest-paid world of the author. All literary heritage Rowling is estimated at hundreds of billions of dollars, and the trademark «Harry Potter» – about $ 15 billion.
In the summer of 2016 at the London premiere of the play «Harry Potter and the Cursed child». Despite numerous rumors, assumptions fans, this work is not complete by the eighth part of the novel, but only the script of a theatrical performance. The real authors of «the Cursed child» – Jack Thorne, John Tiffany.
The product is a new story. It shows the steps which take place 19 years after the events described in «the Deathly Hallows».
In September 2016 the portal Rowling’s «Pottermore» has been running a new program, which is a collections-additions to the main 7 parts of a fantastic Saga about the magician. Stories these stories tell about a few minor characters, about the history of the emergence of the prison of Azkaban, the magic school Hogwarts.
In an interview for «The Guardian» George. K. Rowling admitted that now hard at work on two works. New books will be released under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.
The writer noted that the «innovations» have no relation to the character newt Scamander, from the story «Fantastic animals and where they live», the film adaptation of which took place in America in the fall of 2016.
- Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone
- Harry Potter and the chamber of secrets
- Harry Potter and the prisoner of Azkaban
- Harry Potter and the goblet of fire
- Harry Potter and the order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the half-blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Cursed child
- Fantastic beasts and their habitats
- The tales of Beedle the bard
- Casual vacancy
- The call of the cuckoo
- In the service of evil