(biography, photos, videos) Harry Weinstein
Garry Kasparov: biography
Garry Kasparov – «the Great and powerful» chess player, who is called the greatest player in the history of the chess world. Eight-time winner of the Chess Olympiads, the 13th world chess champion, 11-time chess Oscar winner. In 2005 he retired from professional sports to politics and led the opposition coalition «the Other Russia», whose aim was the restoration of democracy in the country. Currently a great chess player is one of the most striking opposition of Russia, which accuses the Russian authorities of the illegal annexation of Crimea to Russia and participate in the armed conflict in the Donbass.
Born Garry Kasparov, April 13 1963 in the capital of Azerbaijan, into a family of intellectuals. His father, Kim Moiseyevich and mother Clara Shakenovna were Jews by nationality, but belonged to the «cream» of the Baku society. Parents of the future chess king worked as engineers, as well as seriously was fond of playing chess. Therefore, the enthusiasm for chess genius the sport began almost from birth — in the age of five, young Harry began to learn the game from a professional coach.
Since childhood all his time to future world champion was devoted to chess, which became his meaning of life from a young age, Kasparov was not interested in any toys or street, he was interested only in chess books and Newspapers. At the age of 12, the young Prodigy became the USSR champion on chess among young men and 17 years received the title of master of sports. Then youngest world champion finished school with a gold medal and entered the Azerbaijan pedagogical Institute on faculty of foreign languages, where the «medalists» enrolled after a single exam, which he passed on a solid five.
In 1980, already the star player won the title of chess king of the world and the GM that was fat starting point in a career chess player. It professional trainer became a mother, which after his death in 1970 his wife has devoted her life to the only son and his career. Clara Shakenovna (passport Aida) went with Harry around the world and solve all problems of everyday chess players, but also became his chief adviser and assistant. Then Harry she decided to change not only nationality, but also the name, since Jewish chess Weinstein became the Armenian Kasparov.
Garry Kasparov: chess
Professional sports career Garry Kasparov is saturated with numerous wins and awards. An outstanding chess player for 13 years has been a constant leader in the prestigious Elo 2800 mark points and thanks to numerous victories in the world Championships in chess has gone down in history as an outstanding chess player.
In 1990, after the start of mass killings by Armenians, Garry Kasparov was forced to leave Baku and move to Moscow, and in 1993 he decided to secede from FIDE to create the Professional chess Association». Since then, the world has witnessed the division of the title of world chess champion, but that didn’t stop the «Great and Terrible» will be strengthened on the throne of the chess Olympus.
Since 1994 and the next 10 years, Garry Kasparov led a serious rivalry with chess player Anatoly Karpov, who was his main rival for the world chess arena. «Two To» as he called the rivalry between Karpov and Kasparov in the chess world, has no parallel in the history of this sport for 6 years players have played 5 matches and played 144 parties, during which a chess king is still able to beat the opponent and prove their absolute leadership.
In 1996, world chess champion, created a virtual chess Club Kasparov», which became the most popular on the Internet, and in 1999, Garry Kasparov won the match against all users worldwide Network organized by the company Microsoft. Then four months of intense and exciting games of the chess king the chess lovers, the website was visited by more than 3 million people, which was the highest rate of interest of the population the game of chess in the entire history of virtual chess.
In 2005 Garry Kasparov announced his retirement from professional sports to politics as achieved in chess what he wanted. Then he noted that in Russian politics, a lot of colonels and generals, but little intelligence, so he decided with his ability to think strategically to help their country and make a valuable contribution to the development of Russia. In spite of this, a brilliant athlete remained in the history of the chess world unconditional and a worthy leader with a rich imagination, original ideas and subtle calculation.
Garry Kasparov: politics
After retiring from professional sport a great player, he established and headed the opposition movement «United civil front», which was aimed at countering the current Russian authorities. Then he and his companions spoke loudly against the policies of Russian President Vladimir Putin and organized numerous «Marches of dissent», for what was repeatedly detained by the police.
In 2008, Kasparov created the opposition democratic movement «Solidarity» and began to work actively in the organization of protest rallies for the resignation of Putin. But as the political activity of the player is not enjoyed wide support and had no media coverage, he failed to become a member of the coordinating Council of the opposition in the elections Kasparov beat Alexei Navalny, who has scored the greater number of votes.
In 2013, Garry Kasparov stated that he did not intend to return from the West in Russia and will continue to fight against «Kremlin’s crimes» at the international level. In March 2014, the website Kasparov, which was openly published calls for illegal activities and mass events were blocked by Roskomnadzor.
After the coup in Ukraine, Garry Kasparov began to openly support the new authorities in Kiev and blaming Russia for illegal annexation of Crimea and involvement in armed conflict in the Donbass. The great chess player calls on the West to increase pressure on the head of the Russian President Vladimir Putin and sanctions against Russia considers adequate and expedient. In December 2014, an opposition politician visited Kiev and gave a simul to the volunteers and the Ukrainian military in support of the APU.
Garry Kasparov: personal life
Personal life Garry Kasparov no less eventful than his sports career and political activities. Chess king was married three times and has each marriage of the child. First wife Kasparov in 1989, became a guide-interpreter «Intourist»
Garry Kasparov: photo