(biography, photos, videos) Galina Vishnevskaya
Galina Vishnevskaya : biography
The greatest Opera singer of Russia Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya was born in October 1926 in Leningrad. She was born with the surname Ivanov. The childhood and youth of the future Bolshoi theatre and singer who has conquered his talent Opera lovers around the world, were incredibly heavy.
Parents Galina Ivanova divorced when she was a child. The burden of educating the tiny girls they shifted to the grandmother, mother father. As later admitted Galina Pavlovna, the parents were always strangers to her people. The father was repressed before the war. The girl spent my childhood and teenage years in Kronshtadt, where she met erupting war. With regard to relations Galina Ivanova’s mother, after 13 years of separation and just didn’t recognize her at the meeting.
In 16 years, Galina Ivanova was left all alone – grandmother survived the siege and died. She took part in the defense. Before that, it turned out that she has a lovely voice. So Ivanov is often used in concerts for the defenders. She sang on ships, in hospitals and dugouts. After a year, 17-year-old girl was accepted to work in the Vyborg house of culture, where she worked as the assistant of the illuminator.
At the end of the war, work was resumed musical school in Vyborg. Galina, had long dreamed of a professional to develop vocal, immediately went to learn. After the siege the young singer was accepted into the choir of the Leningrad operetta Theatre. Soon she was entrusted with solo parts.
A turning point in the career of Galina Vishnevskaya (at that time, she has managed to visit married to a sailor, which left a beautiful name) was in 1952. The young singer had heard about held Grand theater competition. Despite the fact that Vishnevskaya was not a classical music education, she took a chance and was invited as interns.
Almost immediately the young singer invited one of the leading parts in the Opera «Fidelio» – Leonora. Fans of Opera singing immediately appreciated the talent and remarkable vocal Galina Vishnevskaya. Soon she turned into prima BT. Went the main roles in «Eugene Onegin», «Aida», «War and peace», «the Stone Guest» and «Lohengrin».
In 1950-60 years of the creative biography of Galina Vishnevskaya was more than successful. Prima BT visited with a tour in America, London and Milan, where the Soviet Opera star listened to visitors to London’s Covent garden and La Scala.
In 1966, Vishnevskaya made her debut on the screen. She played the main character of the film-Opera «Katerina Ismailova», set to the music of Dmitri Shostakovich. In the same year Opera star externally received higher education in Moscow Conservatory.
In the late 1960s career of Galina Vishnevskaya rapidly went down. This was preceded by the support of Galina Pavlovna and her husband Mstislav Rostropovich Alexander Solzhenitsyn, expelled from the writers ‘ Union. The name Vishnevskaya ceased to mention in the Newspapers, her tour was canceled and was not allowed to record a new album.
Galina Vishnevskaya persuaded her husband to go abroad, where they loved and admired their creativity. First in the spring of 1974, Rostropovich went. Behind him, filling out the departure as a long trip, went to the G. p. with children. At first the family stayed in France, then lived in America and England. After Vishnevskaya and Rostropovich have purchased housing in Paris, in the USSR they were deprived of citizenship.
During a long stay abroad Galina Vishnevskaya performed on the best world stages. Point in her career she put the last statement in the Paris «Grand Opera». After that, the singer was engaged in teaching, staged plays and wrote his memoirs. The book is called «Galina» was released in Washington. There Vishnevskaya in unflattering tones told the reader about life in Russia.
Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya returned home in the 1990s. They returned all the awards and insignia, as well as citizenship. But they received him not. Vishnevskaya is motivated by the fact that they did not refuse Russian citizenship and did not ask for it back.
Since 1993 Galina Pavlovna served in the Theater of A. P. Chekhov. She appeared on stage in leading roles in several performances.
In 2002, the singer began to lead the Moscow Opera Centre. On screen viewers saw the Opera diva in 2007 starring picture, «Alexander» Alexander Sokurov.
The first marriage of Galina Ivanova happened when she was 17. George Wisniewski was a military sailor. This marriage lasted only a few months in 1944. From him Galina left a good name.
Second husband Vishnevskaya were older than 22 years the Director of the Leningrad Theatre of Opera mark Rubin. In 1945, the couple had a son Elijah, who died in childhood. The marriage lasted 10 years, but ended immediately after the meeting Galina Pavlovna with Mstislav Rostropovich. It happened in 1955 at the Prague festival of youth. Soon they were married. The marriage had two daughters, Olga and Elena.
This celebrity couple has lived together for 52 years. Personal life of Galina Vishnevskaya next to her talented and beloved man was happy and long.
Did not the Galina Vishnevskaya at the end of 2012. At the time of death she was 87 years old. According to the doctors, the cause of death was «natural attenuation». Galina Pavlovna for 5 years survived her husband Mstislav Rostropovich.
After the funeral service the body in the Temple of Christ the Savior the singer was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery.