(biography, photos, videos) El dar Ryazanov
Eldar Ryazanov: a biography
The master of the national cinema Eldar Ryazanov was born in Samara. The future Director was born November 18, 1927 in the family of senior sales staff. Pope Alexander S. Ryazanov and mother Sofia Mikhailovna Shusterman worked in the Soviet trade mission in Tehran, and early childhood Eldar Ryazanov spent there. Three years later the family returned to Moscow. Father was appointed head of the wine Board.
Shortly after moving to the capital parents Ryazanov dispersed. The boy stayed with mom. But when Eldar was seven, mom got married. Stepfather and began raising the boy. Relations immediately had good. His father Eldar Ryazanov had almost forgotten. When he left the family, his son was only five years old. Soon his father married a second time and had a daughter. And in 1938, Alexander Ryazanov, was sentenced to 17 years. His life ended tragically.
From early childhood the boy loved to read and dreamed of distant wanderings. Therefore, he chose two ways: either to become a writer and to write interesting books, or learn to be a sailor and to travel. Eldar even wrote a letter to the Odessa merchant Navy, asking to tell him what the dream. But at this time began the Great Patriotic war. The dream of travel had long delay. And favorite home library were sold or exchanged for food.
After school Eldar Ryazanov has been admitted to VGIK. He dreamed of becoming a Director, just took the documents to the University in company with a friend. At the directing faculty mentor course Ryazanov was the famous Grigori Kozintsev, who directed the while the legendary painting «the Overcoat», «S. V. D.» and «New Babylon». Eldar, when he became a student, was only 16 years old. To study the young man first, not really wanted, and life experience is not enough. It almost became the reason for the expulsion. Thanks to the ingenuity of the guy left and soon met and even exceeded the expectations of the teachers. Sergey Eisenstein, who worked at that time one of the teachers of the Institute of Cinematography, said Ryazanov as one of the most able students.
In 1950 Eldar Ryazanov graduated from the Institute. His thesis film was called «They learn in Moscow.»
Biography Eldar Ryazanov began immediately upon completion of the Cinematography. The young Director the first five years of doing documentaries. During these years he managed to travel the far East, partly by a long-standing dream and travel. Documentary filmmaker Eldar Ryazanov movies about the catchers of crabs in the Okhotsk sea, kitabullah, the oil workers of Kuban, fishermen, guards, herders and writers. Visited the Kuril Islands, commander Islands, Sakhalin and Kamchatka. The experience was huge.
From 1955 Ryazanov came to work at «Mosfilm». The first picture of the Eldar in a new place is getting removed along with Sergei Gurov semi-documentary film «voices of Spring». Tape saw legendary Director Ivan Pyriev and is strongly recommended to remove Ryazanov Comedy, offering to take the script and Laskin Polyakova «carnival night».
Eldar Ryazanov this idea is not liked, but pyreva glad he’s gone. The work was very hard, because for a young Director it was an unfamiliar genre. But all efforts were justified: the film «carnival night» in an instant made Ryazanov’s popular Director.
Downloads got and the main characters of the Comedy Lyudmila Gurchenko, Yuri Belov and Igor Ilyinsky. Phrases from the film have become winged, and the songs «Five minutes» and «song about good mood» became real hits that rehash today. Christmas Comedy becomes the leader of the film 1956-1957 years: it saw more than 45 million viewers. In addition, the film received many awards – the first for the Director Ryazanov.
Nearly the same success was expected and a second picture of the Eldar. «Girl with no address» with Rybnikov and Karpinskaya in the lead roles has collected in view of 36.5 million viewers and cemented the popularity Ryazanov.
In the late 1960s in the films of Eldar Alexandrovich Ryazanov began to traced his own style. His paintings were mostly «lyrical tragicomedies». In this period began to emerge the backbone of the cinematic group Ryazanov. These composers Andrei Petrov, screenwriter Emil Braginsky, cinematographer Vladimir nakhabtsev and a galaxy of great artists —Andrei Mironov, Yury Yakovlev, Valentina Talyzina, Evgeni Evstigneev, Liya Akhedzhakova, Lyudmila Gurchenko, Oleg Basilashvili, Andrei Miagkov, Valentin Gaft, Nemolyaeva, Svetlana, Georgy Burkov.
And in 1966 appeared on the screen one of the best films of Eldar Ryazanov’s «Beware of the car». Great ensemble cast and talented Director’s work exceeded all expectations. The script of the film was written Ryazanov with Braginskim.
From the late 1960s to the early 1970s, Eldar Ryazanov put the picture, which became the «Golden Fund» of Russian cinema. Among the best «Zigzag udachi», «Old men-robbers» and «Improbable adventures of Italians in Russia». As of January 1, 1976, Soviet viewers first saw the picture that became a cult, and without which none of the New year in the countries of the former Soviet Union. This, of course, «Irony of fate or With light steam!». In 1977, the creative team of the film received the State prize of the USSR.
Then followed the new bestsellers master Ryazanov. «Office romance», which appeared in 1977, becoming one of the most successful films of the Director. In 1978, authors of «Office romance» received the State prize of the RSFSR behalf of the Vasilyev brothers. At the same time Eldar has directed the films «Garage», «About the poor hussar say a word», «Station for two» and «a Cruel romance». Each was a hit.
In the 1980s, Eldar Ryazanov took two paintings on the topic of the day, entitled «Forgotten melody for flute» and «Dear Elena Sergeevna». Aired the documentary «Four meetings with Vladimir Vysotsky», dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the singer.
The tragicomedy «promised Heaven», released in 1991, few went beyond the normal «ryazanovsky» films. But that has not diminished the popularity of the picture. The Director continued that line with their new «Old nag» and «silent whirlpools».
Almost all his paintings, the Director appears in a tiny cameo role. It looks like the autograph of the artist on his canvas.
Eldar was married three times. His first wife, Zoya, Fomina studied together with Ryazanov and also worked as a Director. In this marriage Ryazanov’s had a daughter Olga. She graduated from MSU and works as a scholar and a film critic.
Second wife – Nina Skuybina, he worked as an editor at Mosfilm. She died from severe incurable disease.
Last wife to the Eldar — Emma Abaidullina, movie editor. With it the Director lived until the last days of life.
The great master of Russian cinema Eldar Ryazanov has died after several hospitalizations, he had health problems, which 30, 2015, the year Ryazanov failed. Alarming news about the health of the Eldar appeared in the media yesterday, November 29: the doctors evaluated the state Director as very heavy, he was connected to the ventilator.
Preliminary details of the death of Eldar Ryazanov told reporters close to the family of filmmaker. According to him, Ryazanov died of heart failure. At the time of the death of the great master of cinema was 89-th year: this time the doctors, alas, was powerless over the disease of the Director.
- Carnival night
- Hussar ballad
- Beware of the car
- Zigzag udachi
- Unbelievable adventures of Italians in Russia
- The irony of fate or With light steam!
- Office romance
- Station for two
- A cruel romance
- Forgotten tune for the flute
- Promised heaven