(biography, photo, video) Eduard Savenko
Eduard Limonov: a biography
Eduard Limonov – the notorious opposition leader and controversial writer-avant-gardist, who regularly thunders in Russian society as the organizer of the «March of dissent». He heads the party «the Other Russia» and also publishes the anti-government cause, which was repeatedly brought to criminal responsibility. The Russians have a different perception of his political activities – one support the «right» position, while others consider it an ambitious «upstart» with conflicting views.
Limonov was born Eduard Veniaminovich (real surname Savenko) on 22 February 1943, close to Nizhny Novgorod in the industrial town of Dzerzhinsk in the family of an NKVD Commissioner Veniamin Savenko and the housewife Raisa Subinoy. Early childhood family services father’s family Limonov has repeatedly moved from city to city, so the preschool years little Edward were held in Luhansk, and school in Kharkov.
The youth of the future policy of the opposition is closely connected with the criminal world. By his own admission Limonov at the age of 15 years he began to engage in robbery and thefts from homes, but in 20 years stopped their criminal career after his close friend was shot for «thieves craft». The next stage of their growing Eduard Veniaminovich was engaged in writing activities, and earning a living at various minimum wage jobs. He had to go and in the role of loader, fitter, and Zavalishina charge.
In 1965 Lemons entered the circle of «professional» writers and met with representatives of the Kharkiv literary Bohemia. After that, he went to conquer Moscow, where his main income was sewing denim pants that he wore in the famous capital’s fashionistas. In 1968, Edward Veniaminovich has released five self-published volumes of poetry and has also published several short avant-garde short stories, which attracted the attention of the Soviet authorities. Then the Chairman of the KGB Yuri Andropov called Limonov «staunch anti-Soviet».
In the early 70-ies of the writer had to emigrate to the United States, as it refused to be a «secret agent» of the KGB, he’s lost his citizenship of the country. In new York the activities of Limonov also interested in the FBI because he did not stop to publish anti-Soviet articles against the bourgeois way of life and capitalism.
Political and literary activities
First Eduard Limonov has scandalously become famous all over the world release of his book «This is me — Eddie» which harshly criticized the actions of the government of the United States. The novel was a huge success and was translated into 15 languages, for which the author was recognized as a professional writer. After that, he moved to France and settled in the journal of the Communist party «Revolucion».
With the support of the left-wing press, Limonov has managed to get French citizenship. But in the early 90-ies he was able to return Soviet citizenship, which allowed him to return home and deploy their political activities in Moscow. In Russia, Eduard Veniaminovich joined the party of LDPR Vladimir Zhirinovsky, but less than a year out from its ranks, accusing the leader of the liberal Democrats for excessive rapprochement with the President of the country and the excessive moderation.
From 1991 to 1993, Eduard Limonov took an active part in the hostilities on the territories of Yugoslavia, Transnistria and Abkhazia, where up in arms engaged in extensive journalistic activities. After that, he created the National Bolshevik party and began to «restore order» in the country. A year later, the opposition created their own newspaper called «Limonka», the publication of which was sentenced to criminal liability.
Under the leadership of Limonov in Russia, there were many protest anti-government actions, during which well-known politicians from Gennady Zyuganov to Anatoly Chubais threw mayonnaise, eggs and tomatoes. The writer called on the nation to a military coup, the terror and the revolution in the country. In 2000, «Limonov», held a massive rally against the presidential candidate of Russia Vladimir Putin, after which the unregistered organization NBP recognized in Russia extremist, and its members gradually began to put in jail.
Not an exception and the leader of the «national Bolsheviks» Eduard Limonov, who was accused of organizing a criminal armed group, for which he was sentenced to four years imprisonment in a strict regime penal colony. Being in the Butyrskaya prison, the opposition leader registered his candidacy for the elections of deputies of the state Duma, but lost the election, gaining only 6,68% of the vote.
In 2003 Eduard Veniaminovich was on parole. Upon his release, he decided to cling to any liberals. Limonov has expressed support for the social democratic party of Mikhail Gorbachev, the social movement PARNAS Mikhail Kasyanov, and in 2005 started to work with Irina Khakamada. In 2010 he founded his own opposition party «the Other Russia», which is a unique idea aimed at overthrowing the existing political regime «legitimate» means of political struggle.
Limonov supported the joining of Crimea to Russia and supports the Russian government in the position in Donbass. While all of the Pro-Western opposition, he urged to expel from the country subject to the eternal locking of their activities at home.
Personal life is not less interesting graph in his biography of Eduard Limonov. Track don Juan list of the opposition has no boundaries. His first common law wife was a well-known artist Anna Rubinstein, the second – songwriter and model Elena Shchapova, which became the first Russian fashion model in new York.
Third wife Limonov was the writer and singer Natalia Medvedev, with whom he lived for 12 years. After her divorce from third wife politician has linked his life with the youngest at 30 years Helen Blaise, which broke just over three years. Since 1998 Eduard Veniaminovich lived with 16-year-old schoolgirl Nastya a lysohora, with which he long 7 years.
The last official wife Limonov became a famous actress Ekaterina Volkova, who bore her husband two children – a son Bogdan and daughter Alexandra. The couple broke up due to domestic problems in 2008, when Catherine was pregnant with a girl.