(biography, photos, videos) Sir Charles Spencer (Charlie) Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin: biography
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, better known to us as Charlie Chaplin, was born in April 1889. In a family of actors pop London music hall it was the first joint child. Before her marriage to father Charlie Charles Spencer Chaplin – Hannah gave birth to her first son, Sidney hill. His father was a Jew hawks. But after marrying Sidney hill, and half-brother Charlie, received the name Chaplin.
Early childhood Charlie and his brother Syd was happy. Dad was extremely popular. He had a pleasant baritone, was regularly invited in the London music halls and toured Europe. But soon they were before the problem with alcohol worsened, and 37-year-old Chaplin senior died in a hospital in London.
Widowed mother, Charlie continued to perform in the music hall, but there were some problems with the larynx. One 5-year-old Charlie Chaplin, whom the mother took with me, had to replace the mother. When she was unable to finish singing his song, the boy came on stage and began to sing himself. Touched the audience pelted him with coins and small bills. Charles, leaving to sing, the laughter of the audience raised the money and then sang. Probably, and then began the creative biography of Charlie Chaplin.
Then ended and his childhood. Hannah was no longer able to speak. And soon, when the boy was 7 years old, his mother lost her mind, and she was placed in a psychiatric hospital. Charlie and Sid were in the orphanage.
At the age of 9 Charlie Chaplin was adopted in the dancing group «Eight Lancashire guys». It was here that he first laugh of the audience, portraying the cat in the Christmas pantomime in 1900. But a year later, Charlie has left the band. He had to earn a living and just do not have time to engage in and attend school. Charlie Chaplin worked wherever he was taken. He sold Newspapers and helped in the hospital the nurses worked in a printing house.
In 14 years, the dream came true Chaplin: Charlie was adopted to a permanent job in the theater and got the role of messenger in the play «Sherlock Holmes». It is noteworthy that the teenager was illiterate. Therefore, to examine the role helped him to brother Sid.
In 1908, 19-year-old Charlie Chaplin was admitted to the Fred Karno theatre, where she prepared pantomime and skits of English music halls. Very soon the young man becomes a key actor in most productions. After 2 years, the troupe Carnot goes on tour in America. Then Charlie Chaplin and decided that I would remain in the US.
Once the speech Chaplin saw Mack sennet. The American film producer was so pleased with the game that he invited the artist to work in his Studio. In September 1913, Charlie Chaplin signed a contract with keystone. The Studio has pledged to pay him $ 150 salary per week.
At first things weren’t going well. I think, even wanted to dismiss Charlie Chaplin and consider their decision to take him reckless. But a year later an Englishman becomes the leading actor. The audience likes this rough hero impromptu Poppy Herself. But even more an artist they like, when recedes from the image, invented by Seneta. When Chaplin playing invented Seneta Chaz (or chase) makes the game more humanity and lyricism, the audience more warmly greeted the hero.
One day, he asked Charlie Chaplin’s something new to my makeup for the Comedy tape «Kids car racing». Then the artist came up with their new image, which is now familiar to all of us. This wide-leg pants, too narrow jacket (cutaway), too small a bowler hat, huge boots, dressed on the wrong feet, and antennae. Thus was born the image of the Little Tramp. Subsequently to this friend we all kind of added cane seen Charlie in one of the photos of his father. The tramp instantly gets popular. But when Charlie Chaplin succeeds, he begins to realize what may be a more successful writer and Director than those who manages them.
In 1914 there was the first Chaplin film called «Caught in the rain». Here Charles acted not only as an actor, but first as a Director and screenwriter. Unlike the Studio «keystone», which is the Chaplin Studio «Essanay Film» the artist pays $ 1250 per week 10 thousand per contract. In 1916-17 years «Myuchuel Film» pays the comedian’s job even better: 10 thousand dollars a week and 150 thousand for the contract. In 1917 Charlie Chaplin signed a contract with the Studio «first national» in size $ 1 million and became the most expensive actor of his time.
In 1919 Chaplin, there is a private film Studio «United Artists». This Studio Charles Chaplin worked by the early 1950s, when he was forced to leave America. The most popular movies of Charlie Chaplin on «United Artists», was a full-length painting «Parisienne», «the gold rush» «city Lights» and «modern times.»
The painting «Parisian woman» the audience took cool. It is a psychological drama, where Chaplin appeared only as a cameo. Habit to see your favourite image of the Little Tramp prevailed. But critics praised the new work of Charlie Chaplin, to recognize his talent of the author. «The gold rush» and «the Circus», which came out in the mid and late 1920s, were warmly received and are considered classics of the cinema.
When Chaplin in the 1920-ies arrives in his native London and then in Paris, he was greeted a huge crowd of fans. The second time travel to Europe took place in the 1930-ies. Charlie Chaplin brought his new film «city Lights» and «modern times.»
The debut of Charlie Chaplin’s sound film was in 1940. It was an anti-Hitler picture «the Great dictator». Besides, it was the last tape, in which a Chaplin in the image of the Little Tramp. With the release of the picture of the persecution of Chaplin.
He is accused of UN-American activities and the loyalty to Communist ideas. Edgar Hoover, head of the American FBI, activates collecting a dossier on Chaplin that started in the 1930s. The peak of the persecutions came in 1940, when Charlie Chaplin film «Monsieur Verde». It was banned by the censorship. The artist began to pour dirt. Chaplin was criticized everywhere: in of ingratitude to the host country (the actor never took US citizenship), that he is a secret Communist and a Jew. Digging in his personal life, pulling to the surface the dirty linen. Nevertheless, the picture «Monsieur Verdu» was nominated for «Oscar» for best screenplay.
To expel the artist from America failed in 1952, when Chaplin went to London for the premiere of her film «limelight». Hoover has made immigration a ban on the return of the artist in the United States. Charlie Chaplin settled in the Swiss town of Vevey. Anticipating that he might be expel from the country, Charlie leaves the power of attorney on all his property to his wife. And she sold everything, moved with the children in Switzerland.
Last years and death
In Switzerland, Charlie Chaplin continues to create. He wrote the music to some of her silent films. Announced «Gold rush». In 1948 from the pen of the artist comes the story of «Ramp» that formed the basis of the film «limelight». In 1954 Chaplin awarded the International Peace prize. And in 1957 came the movie Charlie Chaplin’s «a King in new York» where the actor played the main role.
After 7 years of the Great mute has published a memoir, which formed the basis of the biopic «Chaplin», which the audience saw in 1992.
The last film of the artist «the Countess from Hong Kong» was staged in 1967.
To come back to US Charlie Chaplin failed in 1972. He was given a short visa for arrival at the ceremony «Oscar». It was the second figurine, received Charlie. 3 years Queen Elizabeth II has devoted It in knights.
Charlie Chaplin was not on 25 December 1977. He went in his sleep. The artist was buried in the cemetery at Vevey. But in March 1978 after the kidnapping of a coffin for ransom his remains were reburied in another Swiss town of Corsier-Sur-Vevey, the Gulf of the grave a four-foot layer of concrete.
Personal life of Charlie Chaplin is a 4 marriage and 12 children (one of them a genetic examination found non-native).
The first actor’s wife was Mildred Harris. Together the actors lived only 2 years. Their first son Norman died almost immediately after birth. With his second wife Cast grey Chaplin lived for 4 years. To marry 16-year-old Literature, Charlie had to take her to Mexico, where the marriage was registered. To this Union were born the sons of Charles Chaplin (younger) and Sidney Earl Chaplin. During the divorce process, the artist paid for Leith as compensation huge amount of money: according to various estimates, from 700 to 850 thousand dollars.
With third wife Paulette Goddard Chaplin lived from 1932 to 1940-th year. After a divorce and moving to Switzerland Paulette married the writer Erich Maria Remarque.
The fourth wife of a British artist – una o’neill. Their wedding took place in 1943. Una was younger than her husband of 36 years. They lived together until his death Chaplin. To this marriage were born 3 sons and 5 daughters. The last child was born when comedian turned 72 years old.
- Kids car racing
- Caught up in the rain
- Gold rush
- City lights
- New times
- The great dictator
- Monsieur Verdu
- A king in new York
- Countess from Hong Kong