(biography, photos, videos) Boris Eltsin
Boris Yeltsin: biography
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin — statesman, who made history as the first President of Russia, and also as a radical reformer of the country. Boris Yeltsin is the native of a simple working class family: his father, Nikolai Ignatievich was engaged in the construction, and my mother, Klavdia Vasilievna was a seamstress. Since shortly after the birth of Boris his repressed father, boy together with her mother and brother Michael lived in the city of Berezniki, Perm region.
In school the future President Yeltsin studied well, was an elder and activist class. In seventh grade, the teenager was not afraid to go against the homeroom teacher, which was raised against the disciples of the hand and forced to work off bad grades on your garden. Because of this, Boris was expelled from the school with a very dubious record, but the guy appealed to the Komsomol and achieved justice. After receiving the matriculation Boris Yeltsin became a student of the Ural Polytechnic Institute, where he graduated from the construction faculty.
Due to childhood trauma Boris Nikolaevich lacked two fingers on the hand, so in the armed forces he joined. But this disadvantage did not prevent the young man to play volleyball, to pass the standards for the title of «Master of sports» and to play for the national team of Ekaterinburg. After graduation, Yeltsin came to the trust «Uraltechnostroy». Although education would immediately take a leadership spot, he decided to first develop working skills and worked as a carpenter, house painter, concrete worker, carpenter, bricklayer, glazier, plasterer and machinist of the crane.
Young professional for two years, was promoted to foreman of the construction Department, and by the mid 60-ies already headed the Sverdlovsk house-building combine. Around the same time Boris Yeltsin begins to promote on the party ladder. First he becomes a delegate to the city conference of the Communist party, then first Secretary of the Sverdlovsk regional Committee of the CPSU, and in the early 80-ies of the member of the Central Committee of the party.
The success of Boris Yeltsin on a post of the Secretary was highly noted as the leadership and residents. Under his supervision was built the route between Yekaterinburg and Serov, developed agriculture, and construction of homes and industrial complexes. After moving to Moscow Boris deals with issues of construction at the national level. His energy and proactive working style raised the popularity of the statesman in the eyes of Muscovites. But the party elite to Yeltsin treated with prejudice and even to some extent hindered his endeavours.
Tired of the constant warfare, Boris Yeltsin made a speech at the plenary session of the party in 1987 and criticized a number of officials who, in his opinion, hindered the perestroika of Mikhail Gorbachev. The government’s response was clearly negative, which led to the resignation dared to openly Express their opinion of the policy and transfer it to the position of Deputy Chairman of Gosstroy of the USSR. Moreover, Gorbachev has publicly stated that the policy of Yeltsin is no more. But the country’s leadership did not realize that opal Boris will lead to phenomenal growth of its authority among the people. When, in 1989, Boris Yeltsin stands in deputies of the Moscow district, it is gaining more than 90% of the votes. Later the politician will become the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada and the first President of the Russian Federation.
When on 19 August 1991 in the USSR there was an attempted coup, known today as the «August coup», Mikhail Gorbachev dismissed, and the power in their hands took the so-called State emergency Committee. Boris Yeltsin became the head of persons of the rival illegally seized the reins, took decisive and precise action and destroyed the plans of the coup. It would not have treated fellow citizens, to further the reign of Yeltsin, he was able to save the country from possible civil war. As a result, the Boris Yeltsin topped the first in the history of the Russian government and in this capacity signed the Belavezha agreement on the dissolution of the USSR.
The first years of reign were very difficult for Russia. Again there was the likelihood of civil war, had to resort to the publication of the «Agreement on social accord,» and the adoption of a new Constitution somewhat improved the situation in the society. The main disadvantage of President Boris Yeltsin is the assumption of hostilities in Chechnya, which led to a long war. He tried to stop the war, but in the end this issue could allow only Vladimir Putin in 2001. In this situation, the head of the reorganized Cabinet of Ministers and signed a series of decrees for the sake of raising the economy.
In the elections in 1996, the incumbent President won a victory over the main rival Gennady Zyuganov. Boris focused on the stabilization of the economy and the social sphere. For this was launched the program «Seven major cases» in which the government tried to eliminate the enormous backlog of salaries, corruption and arbitrariness of officials, to introduce common rules for bankers and entrepreneurs, strengthen small business. As one of the stages of development should be considered and the resignation of the government of Viktor Chernomyrdin, which came a young and energetic Sergei Kiriyenko, after which the Prime Minister visited Yevgeny Primakov, Sergei Stepashin and Vladimir Putin.
In fact, Boris Yeltsin big government burden has a negative impact, and he had to undergo an emergency heart surgery. Did not improve the mood of the President and the global financial crisis of 1998, Russia became a even greater disaster than for the world community, as it came to the surface huge mistakes and miscalculations in the economy. In the end, the repeated devaluation, default and banking collapse. On the other hand, in this period, the dominance of foreign goods in the market instead of domestic production that is always on hand to the Treasury of the country. Boris Yeltsin remained at the helm of Russia until the last day of the twentieth century, 31 December 1999, during the televised new year greetings to the Russians, announced his resignation.
The private life of Boris Yeltsin changed when he was a student at the Polytechnic Institute. In those years he met Naina Girina, whom he married immediately after graduation. Interestingly, at birth, the girl was given the name Anastasia, but already in the age of reason changed it to Naina, because that’s what it called in the family. The wife of Boris Yeltsin worked as a project Manager at the Institute «Vodokanal».
Wedding couple Yeltsin was held in the house of a farmer in the Upper Iset in 1956, and a year later joined the family daughter Elena. Three years later, Boris and Naina came and the youngest daughter Tatiana. In many publications Boris paid tribute to his wife, every time stressed her concern and support. But some journalists, including Mikhail Poltoranin claimed that Naina Yeltsin was not just moral support for the first President of Russia, but also significantly influenced personnel policy in the nation.
Recently Boris Yeltsin was suffering from disease of the cardiovascular system. It is also no secret that he had problems with alcohol dependence. In mid-April 2007 former President of a complication after a viral infection hospitalised. On assurances of doctors, his life was never in danger. However, 12 days after hospitalization Boris Yeltsin died in the Central clinical hospital.
The official cause of death as cardiac arrest due to violation of the functions of many internal organs. Yeltsin was buried with military honors at Novodevichy cemetery, and the funeral was broadcast live on all public TV channels. On the grave of Boris Yeltsin is a tombstone. It is made in the form of a boulder, painted in the colors of the national flag.