(biography, photos, videos) Andrey Voznesenskiy
Andrei Voznesensky: a biography
One of the most famous Soviet poets of the sixties Andrei Andreyevich Voznesensky was born in may 1933 in the capital. His father is a hydraulic engineer by profession, built the famous and Ingulsky Bratsk hydroelectric power station. He later became a Professor and headed the Institute of water problems.
Early childhood the future poet spent in the town of Kirzhach Vladimir region, where was born the mother Antonina Sergeevna.
Pala the Great Patriotic war and evacuation made 8-year-old Andrew and her mother move to the mound where he went to school. Later, Voznesensky said that the evacuation though and threw it in the hole, but «what good is there was a hole».
In Moscow, Andrei graduated from one of the oldest schools in the capital. The poems he began to write very early. And at the age of 14 had the courage to send some of them to his favorite poet Boris Pasternak. He appreciated the works of young colleagues very highly, and they became friends. The influence of Pasternak on ascension was huge.
After receiving the certificate of Andrei Voznesensky became a student of architectural Institute. In 1957, a diploma of higher education, the poet celebrated the event with the lines: «goodbye, architecture! Flame widely, barns cupids, toilets in Rococo!..». Ascension on a speciality never worked.
Poems Of Andrei Voznesensky
Biography of Andrei Voznesensky developed rapidly. In 1958 it was first published in his poems. They were unusually bright, rich metaphors, sound effects and complicated rhythmic system. Almost every line was apparent implication that it was quite unusual and new for its time. Influence on the poetry of Andrei Andreyevich provided not only Boris Pasternak, but the works of Vladimir Mayakovsky and the futurist Semyon Kirsanov.
The debut collection of poetry, ascension, was released in 1960. It was called «Mosaic». Criticism of the government and the Soviet system, the young poet was immediately turned out in disgrace. His works have been put on a par with such «unorthodox» poems «of the sixties» by Yevgeny Yevtushenko and Bella Akhmadulina. Editor that allowed us to publish a collection of ascension, was ignominiously expelled from office, and circulation barely managed to save from destruction.
But all the unpleasant circumstances that accompanied the release of the first book, not scared of the ascension. After a few months came the second collection, called «Parabola». He immediately became a bibliographic rarity, although it was published in large numbers. Andrei Andreyevich was invited to closed the evening, where his writings were read the same disgraced colleagues.
On ascension against Nikita Khrushchev. He set out to expel the unwanted letters from the country, but after the personal request of John Kennedy’s Secretary General left the poet alone. Among the fans of ascension was Robert Kennedy. He even translated his works into English. At the request of the Kennedy Andrei Andreyevich began to produce abroad. In America ascension he met with his colleague Allen Ginsberg, the famous playwright Arthur Miller and the Hollywood film star Marilyn Monroe. Visited the poet in many countries of Europe, where his talent was respected, and loved poetry.
In 1962, ascension released their new collection called «the Triangular pear», which caused another wave of indignation of the authorities. The poet strongly criticized and humiliated in the Newspapers are published a devastating article court of critics, but the people love him. The works of Andrei Voznesensky reprint and release in «samizdat», passing each other «under the counter».
The poet works hard. Every year, he pleases his fans with a new wonderful collection of poetry.
Today many of us Andrei Voznesensky familiar with his poems, which turned into a popular musical hits, «Crying girl in the machine», «Million red roses», «Give me the music», «Pick a music», «Dance on the drum» and the rock Opera «Juno and Avos».
Ascension, together with his family lived in the famous village of Peredelkino.» His house was in close proximity to the dacha.
The first wife of Andrei Voznesensky, Bella Akhmadulina was. She left her husband Yevgeny Yevtushenko to him. But lived Voznesensky and Akhmadulina long. There is a version that the book «the Triangular pear» got its name precisely because of this love triangle.
Personal life of Andrei Voznesensky almost half a century was connected with another woman, faithful Muse and guardian of the family hearth Zoe boguslawska – novelist, playwright and poet.
There are rumors of another novel, ascension, which his wife Zoe for a long time had to close my eyes. Rumor has it that Andrei was in love with actress Tatiana Lavrov. The alleged verses of «Juno and Avasa» «I’ll never forget» dedicated to this woman. This novel was described in one of the stories of Vasily Aksenov.
However, most of his life the poet lived with Zoe boguslawska. This marriage had no children together. And in the last minutes of life at the bedside of the dying poet was her, Zoya Borisovna.
Illness and death ascension
The first alarm bell for the poet was made in 1995. Andrei Voznesensky found the first signs of Parkinson’s disease. He began to weaken the muscles of the throat, hands and feet.
In 2006 at the ascension occurred on the first stroke, the consequence of which was the paralysis of the hand and foot problems. In 2010, a new stroke and complete loss of voice. In the spring of the poet operated in Munich clinic. But on the first summer day, when Andrei was already in Peredelkino, came the third stroke, which he was able to survive.
Buried the famous writer at the Novodevichy cemetery, where are buried the bodies of his parents.