(biography, photo, video) Andrej Tarkovskij
Andrei Tarkovsky: biography
The name of the Director Andrei Tarkovsky inscribed in Golden letters in the history of the Soviet cinema. Despite the small number of works, Andrei Arsen’evich has become one of the outstanding figures of Soviet filmmaking. During the life of the great Director has been recognized not only at Home but throughout the world, which is not typical of the closed world of art of the USSR. And despite the fact that the last years of his life the famous Director spent in the Soviet Union, it, unlike many other artists, not forgotten in his native state. Posthumously awarded the Director of the Lenin prize for his invaluable contribution to cinema.
Andrei Tarkovsky was born in a small village zavrazhe, where young families Director was visiting relatives of his mother Maria Ivanovna. Father Andrew was a poet, writer and translator Arseny Alexandrovich Tarkovsky, in the early thirties — already an accomplished and renowned artist. A few months after the birth of her son by Tarkovsky returned to Moscow. In 1934, Andrew was born sister, who was named Marina.
The childhood of man was bleak. When the child was 4 years old, his father left the family for another woman. Mother Maria Ivanovna was left alone to pull two children. Sister of the Director in an interview recalled that he had to live from hand to mouth, and the Andrei Tarkovsky told me that he really missed his father, despite the fact that the poet was trying to forget about the first family. During the great Patriotic war Maria Ivanovna children were evacuated to relatives in Vellore, but soon by Tarkovsky returned to Moscow. Andrew was sent to a music school, where the boy learned to play the piano. With adolescence, he also attended art courses, where she studied academic drawing. After graduation from General educational institutions the young man entered the Institute of Oriental studies, where he studied Arabic culture.
Just finished the first course, the young man took the documents from the University, arguing that the decision that rushed into a career choice. Unsure of the choice of their own path, the young Tarkovsky associated with shady characters. The future life of the celebrity started to go downhill. From this situation, Andrew saved the mother, in 1953, made a son by the collector in the Institute of nonferrous metals and gold. In the composition of a geological expedition when I have gone to the depths of the taiga, where almost a year spent in isolation from the rest of the world, working and sketching from nature.
Andrei Tarkovsky: films
After returning from the expedition, Andrew, without hesitation, has filed papers in the University at the faculty of directing. Curated by Tarkovsky became a recognized master of film directing, the recipient of numerous Stalin prizes Mikhail Romm. To all his disciples Romm treated with fatherly love and attention, always been able to recognize in the work of the young generation of future masterpieces, even if the views on the movie contradicted his own. So it was with Tarkovsky.
The young man was lucky twice: the first time that he came to the Romm, and the second in the political and social currents of the period. At that time, a year after Stalin’s death. The iron grip of the regime weakened, therefore have the opportunity to exchange experience with foreign colleagues and to touch the Western cinema. It was decided to increase the number of films. The film concerned the USSR new developments that Andrei Tarkovsky was able to assimilate and implement in their creations. But it was too late.
In 1956, Tarkovsky made his debut as a filmmaker, taking off a short story by Hemingway, then it was created a few paintings in that format. Even then, the student was described as extremely talented and predicted a great future. And familiarity with Andrei Konchalovsky, was admitted to VGIK in 1956, has proved extremely fruitful and useful for both students. Together they have created several screenplays in the future actively exchanged experience with each other.
The Institute was finally formed the main features of the Tarkovsky-Director: allegorical, the desire to pick up and leave without a definite answer important social and ethical questions, careful attention to light and sound, whose task was to immerse the viewer in the reality of paintings.
In 1960 Tarkovsky has finished training at University, received a diploma with honors and almost immediately set to work. The Director thought about the movie «Andrei Rublev» and has applied for a permit to the arts Council of the USSR, however, there are former students besieged and offered previously to gain experience, and then to translate such complex topics. The script of the film was delayed in the box, and the Tarkovsky took on another project, the movie «
Andrei Tarkovsky: personal life
His first wife, actress Irma Rausch, the future Director met in my first year of University. Their affair broke very quickly, within a few weeks after Dating he began to look for the girl, and she gladly reciprocated. At the end of the third year the couple were married, married son was born, but the couple separated less than 10 years.
The second wife of the Director is Larisa Kizilova, a colleague of Tarkovsky. With her meter he lived until his death, adopted daughter Larisa Olga. In marriage they had a joint son Andrew.
Andrei Tarkovsky: death
Last years the Director spent in Italy, where he made the legendary «Sacrifice». The decision to stay in the West, the Soviet authorities decided to get rid of Andrei arsenevicha from the history of Soviet cinema, but changed the decision after learning of the illness of the meter.
Already in Italy, the Director was diagnosed with lung cancer. After that Andrei Tarkovsky had lived little more than a year. 29 Dec 1986, a famous film Director died.
Andrei Tarkovsky: the filmography
- Ivan’s childhood
- Andrei Rublev
Andrei Tarkovsky: photo