(biography, photos, videos) Anatoly Chubais
Anatoly Chubais: biography
Anatoly Chubais – visible political figure in Russia, whose activities are widely known and observed by domestic and international audiences. He entered politics in the early 90s at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union and passed a successful career path to the heights of power by the Deputy to the Minister of Finance. Named policy is associated with many economic reforms, particularly the global privatization in Russia, which Russians are strongly negative. But this did not prevent the economist in 1997 to become the best Minister of Finance, according to leading global financiers.
Born Anatoly Borisovich Chubais in the Belarusian town of Borisov in a military family. His father Boris Matveyevich was a retired Colonel and veteran of the great Patriotic war, who taught the philosophy of Marx and Lenin from the Leningrad mining Institute, and his mother Raisa Chamova specialty was an economist, but his whole life was devoted to family and raising children. The future politician was the second child in the family – he has an older brother Igor, who followed in his father’s footsteps and became a doctor of philosophical Sciences.
Anatoly Borisovich from childhood to know all the delights of a «garrison» life, brought up in severity. He repeatedly bears witness to the loud discussions of his father and brother about politics and philosophy that probably influenced his choice of future profession. Chubais preferred philosophical direction of economic, and therefore still at school focused on the Sciences.
In the first class, the future head of «RUSNANO» arrived in Odessa in the Ukraine, which was connected with the service of the father. Later, he had to study in Lviv and only in the fifth grade, his family moved to Leningrad, where Anatoly was sent to the school № 188 from a military-political education. As an adult, the politician admitted that he hated his school, and even tried to disassemble it on bricks, but the idea failed.
In 1972, Anatoly Chubais became a student of the Leningrad engineering-economic Institute at the faculty of engineering. In 1977 he graduated from the University with honors, and in 1983 he successfully defended his thesis and became a candidate of economic Sciences. His career path he began at the University as an engineer, lecturer, assistant Professor.
In parallel with this future politician joined the ranks of the Communist party and with his supporters established a democratically-minded circle of Leningrad economists with whom Chubais has been actively conducting economic seminars. The purpose was the promotion of democratic ideas to the broad masses of intelligent people. At one of these seminars, the future politician met with future Prime Minister Yegor Gaidar, asked the future direction of the career of an economist.
In the late 80-ies Anatoly Chubais founded the club «Perestroika», whose members were many prominent economists who after the collapse of the Soviet Union occupied the last positions in the government of Russia. «Reformers» have been able to attract the attention of the future political elite of Leningrad, therefore, after the elections of Anatoly Sobchak to the post of the Chairman of Leningrad Soviet, Chubais as the leader of the democratic movement, was elected as his Deputy, as his political views and ideas appealed to the leadership of the region.
In 1991, Anatoly Chubais was offered the post of chief Advisor of economic development in the city of Leningrad, after which he established a working group on creation of the economic development strategy of the Russian economy. In November of the same year, the economist became the head of the state Committee for state property management, and in 1992 was appointed Deputy Prime Minister of Russia under President Boris Yeltsin.
On a new post Anatoly Chubais team of economists has developed the program of privatization and carried out its technical training. The privatization campaign in the country, resulting in about 130000 state enterprises were in private hands, is still widely discussed in society and considered to be categorically poor. But this did not prevent the policy to move up the career ladder up to occupy increasingly important positions in the political arena.
In late 1993, Anatoly Chubais became a Deputy of the state Duma from the party «Russia’s Choice», and in November of the same year appointed first Deputy Prime Minister of the country. Then he was elected Chairman of the Federal Commission for stock market and securities.
In 1996, the politician-economist has headed the election campaign of Boris Yeltsin in the presidential race, which created the «Fund for Civil Society», which raised the rating of the Russian leader and led him to win the election. For this, Yeltsin appointed Chubais to head the presidential administration, and in a few months was awarded the rank of the valid state adviser of the Russian Federation 1 class.
In 1997 the economist again became the first Vice-Premier of the Russian Federation, in parallel with what was appointed Minister of Finance. But in the spring of 1998, resigned along with the entire Cabinet of Viktor Chernomyrdin.
In 1998, Anatoly Chubais was elected as Chairman of the Board of RAO «UES of Russia». Here he also distinguished a large-scale reform, which included the restructuring of all the structures of the holding and transfer of the most part of their shares to private investors. Some members of the company for such activities came to be called Chubais «the worst Manager of Russia».
In 2008, the Russian energy company «UES of Russia» was liquidated, and Anatoly Chubais was appointed General Director of state Corporation «Russian Corporation of nanotechnologies». In 2011, under the leadership of Chubais the state company was reorganized and re-registered in open joint-stock company, and became the leading innovative company of the Russian Federation.
Personal life of Anatoly Chubais same series as his political career. The first time the economist-politician got married in student’s years. His first wife Lyudmila gave birth to two children, Alexei and Olga, who followed in the footsteps of his father and became certified economists.
In the early 90-ies when climbing into the political arena Anatoly Borisovich married a second time. His choice was economist Maria Davydovna Vishnevskaya, who was a husband and thorny path of his career, but their marriage fell apart, unable to withstand difficult situations. The couple had lived for 21 years in 2012 officially divorced.
Third wife of Anatoly Chubais became known TV presenter Dunya Smirnova. Society sharply criticized the policy for trying to rebuild their personal lives after 50 years, but the happy couple were able to endure all the trials and keep a warm relationship until today.
Your leisure and free time, the head of «RUSNANO» is dedicated to travel. He enjoys Alpine skiing and water tourism, which allows it to retain good physical shape. Chubais likes to drive fast and listen to the hits of their youth, including songs «the Beatles» and «time Machine», Bulat Okudzhava and Vladimir Vysotsky.
According to the Declaration of Anatoly Chubais in 2014 the head of «RUSNANO» has earned almost 207,5 million rubles, and his wife, 1 million 200 thousand the couple Have 2 apartments in the Moscow area of 256 sq. m, apartment in Saint Petersburg, with an area of nearly 125 sq. m and apartment in Portugal, covering an area of 133 sq. m. Total «fleet» of family Chubais consists of two cars BMW X5 and BMW 530 XI and snowmobiles Yamaha SXV70VT.