(biography, photos, videos) Alexandr Gradsky
Alexander Gradsky biography
Alexander Gradsky — known person with versatile talents in the field of poetry, music and vocals. He is the founder of the year in Russia, people’s artist of Russia and winner of several state awards, he was awarded for outstanding achievements in the field of theatre, music and pop art.
Alexander Borisovich Gradsky was born on 3 November 1949 in the town of Kopeisk, Chelyabinsk region. He was the only child of his parents – a mechanical engineer Boris Abramovich Fradkin and actress Tamara City. The childhood of the future people’s artist of Russia passed in the Urals, but in 1957 his family moved to Moscow, where he at the age of 9 years he entered the music school.
Training at the school of music young city perceived through the power of his starved and bullied daily classes, but they never recaptured the passion for music at the young Sasha. Special achievements did not differ Aleksandr Borisovich and in secondary school. To a greater extent in his childhood he was interested in the Humanities and literature, which allowed City in the 14 years to write his first verse. At that age, the future artist became interested in modern Western music, his favorites were the band The Beatles.
At the age of 16 Alexander Borisovich has firmly decided that he will become a singer and a musician. Then he took his mother’s surname, under which the first demonstrations of the artist as part of the Polish student group «Cockroaches». The first song by Alexander Gradsky «best city in the world» was then sounded to many concerts at the regional scale.
In 1969 Alexander Gradsky went to study at the faculty of academic singing in Russian Academy of music named.Gnesin. In 1974, he successfully graduated from University, during the period of study which has received the first experience of solo performances.
After gmpi music career of Alexander Gradsky rapidly began to gain momentum. He was one of the first musicians in the country who boldly experimented in rock with Russian lyrics. In his student years, Alexander created the group «Buffoons», whose repertoire consisted mainly of songs city.
With the Buffoons» Alexander Gradsky toured extensively throughout the country, gathering full houses of fans. His popularity during that period was off the charts musician every day gave several solo concerts with a duration of 2 hours. In 1971, the group also participated in the prestigious all-Union festival «Silver strings», a 20-minute speech created a furor and received six prizes out of eight.
In the same period, Alexander Gradsky creates his legendary song «what a wonderful world» and «How young we were», which the musician has not performed on any of my concerts until 1990, despite the expectations of the audience.
Solo songs performed by Alexander Gradsky was not the only direction in creativity – the musician worked simultaneously on the creation of music for several films. «Romance of the lovers», written and performed personally by Alexander Borisovich in the film by Andrei Konchalovsky, was a breakthrough in the quarry town. For this composition in 1974 he was voted «Star of the year» by the music magazine «Billboard», which experts have valued the creative work of Alexander Borisovich as the «outstanding contribution to global music».
According to the musician at the time: he earns more than any famous people that you see on TV. Their relationships with other music stars, he jokingly called «neutrality.»
In the late 70-ies of Alexander Gradsky released a few records and began teaching in the native Institute.College and at GITIS, where he headed the Department of vocal. In addition, he became the author of the rock Opera «Stadium», which includes events in Chile in 1973 and the murder of Victor Jara. In this Opera starring the leading Soviet artists — Alla Pugacheva, Mikhail Boyarskiy, Iosif Kobzon, Andrey Makarevich and Elena Kamburova.
In the early 90-ies, when the city has the opportunity to play abroad, he decided to reduce his touring, fascinated by the development of the Theatre of contemporary music. Nevertheless, even at the «reduced» concert program he was able to gain popularity abroad – he participated in joint musical projects with John Denver, Liza Minnelli, Dianoi Warwick, Chris Kristofersson and other world famous artists.
For his active musical activity Alexander Gradsky in 1997 was awarded the title of Honored worker of arts of Russia, and in 2000 received the highest honorary title of people’s artist of Russia. With this well-deserved award rock musician personally congratulated by Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Alexander B. is the author of music for dozens of feature films. Under his authorship was released on 15 disks.
Alexander Gradsky is still active in music until today. Among his recent works we can note Opera «Master and Margarita» with a unique composition of participants, on which Alexander worked for more than 13 years.
Show «The Voice»
From 2012 through 2015, Alexander Gradsky took part in the show «the Voice» as a mentor. On the show he worked together with his daughter Masha was invited as an adviser when it was necessary to make a decisive choice. The legend of domestic rock music a few seasons in a row led his players to victory on the main vocal project of the country. Among them Dina Garipova, Sergei Volkov and Alexander Vorobyov.
In addition, Alexander is remembered for the participants and spectators for the fact that voice data of the performers can determine their age. The musician was wrong only twice: didn’t recognize his son Daniel in the 3rd season of «the Voice» and could not understand who is behind the screen, when the song was performed by Dima Bilan in the 4th season.
Alexander Gradsky and manifested itself in the fundamental format of stage productions. In 1967-1969, he participated in the work on the rock Opera «the Fly-Tsokotuha».
But much greater known found his next creation, also the rock Opera «Stadium» (1973-1985). The plot of this production went to real historical events: the military coup in Chile in 1973. General Pinochet who came to power, began to mass repression, which has led to thousands of deaths. One of the victims of this regime was the singer Victor Jara, whose destiny formed the basis of the rock Opera. In the product is not named neither the hero nor the place of action, but the whole outline of the story is ambiguous indicates that the Chilean event. The role of the Singer was performed by the town.
Since 1985, Alexander is working on the music for the first Russian rock ballet «the Man», based on the novel by Kipling. After the musician is working on two ballets: «Rasputin» and «Jewish ballad».
Simultaneously with the ballets of Alexander Gradsky started working on a rock musical «the Master and Margarita». The libretto, written by Pavel Grushko, a few years lying idle, another seven years the town has actively worked on the musical, and before 2009, the production was ready – but never was never shown on stage. «The master and Margarita» exists only in record type where the roles are played by the star friends Alexander Borisovich, and he himself performed as many as four parties of the Central characters. The rest of the party went to such musicians as Joseph Kobzon, Alexander Rosenbaum, Andrei Makarevich, Grigory Leps, Lolita, and many others.
Alexander Borisovich wrote the music for almost fifty feature films, as well as several dozen cartoons and documentaries. But he also took part in some of the paintings and as an actor.
In 1972 Alexander Gradsky played «a courtesy Visit», and in 1979 he received a cameo in the two-part picture of «Kamerton» in 1991 in the film «Genius.» Nearly 20 paintings of the musician sang the vocals. Also took part in 5 films and 2 music videos.
Personal life Alexander Gradsky happy bright. The founder of the Russian rock was married three times. The first marriage took place in the early youth of the musician. His choice was Natalia Smirnova, with whom official relations, the musician lived for only three months. The town calls the marriage a «youth act».
In 1976, Alexander B. married a second time. His wife was actress Anastasia Vertinskaya, but with her rock-musician failed to find marital happiness.
With his third wife Olga gradskaya lived married for 23 years. In this Union he had two children in 1981 was born the son of Daniel, and in 1986 the wife gave her husband a daughter Mary. In 2003, the marriage ceased to exist.
Since 2004 Alexander Gradsky lives in a civil marriage with model Marina, Kotusenko, which younger musician for 30 years. Musician have always been humor and high self-esteem, so with a girl he met right on the street, inviting «touch the history».
Young wife Gradsky gave him in 2014 son, who was named Alexander. The birth of son Alexander Alexandrovich was held in new York in one of the prestigious hospitals. With other children, a young wife city maintains a smooth relationship.
In the summer of 2016 years the Internet has seen photos of town with my wife on the beach. Evil tongues called a couple of «beauty and the beast», and even he admitted that he was lucky that Marina chose him and not find a couple younger.
But she Kotusenko never become an occasion for gossip and did not give reason to doubt her relationship to her husband. Today Alexander Gradsky lives with his family in the suburbs, writes classical music and teaches voice.
- Alexander Gradsky considers himself an outcast.
- Thanks to the musician in our everyday life has entered the word «journo» — Alexander Borisovich not very fond of journalists.
- Gradsky said in an interview that can quickly and in time to perform only those projects that have customers, but the music for themselves and their personal works writes long and hard.
- According to the musician almost nothing can get him to go to the rally.
- 1972 – what a wonderful world
- 1974 – a novel about lovers
- 1979 – you’re the Only one trust me
- 1987 – let’s start
- 1989 Monte – Cristo
- 1994 – Late songs
- 1996 – LIVE in Russia
- 2003 – anthology
- 2009 – Master and Margarita
- 2011 – curiosities
- 2014 – Ballads